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Application of RFID in Manufacturing Automation and Logistic

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stanley ong

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Application of RFID in Manufacturing Automation and Logistic

Product Tracking
Passive Authentication - to prevent modification of passport chip data
Extended Access Control (EAC) - Functionality to check the authenticity of chip and reader, along with strong encryption.
This presentation will encompass a wide variety of examples of how RFID, which stands for
entification, has been actively improving the standard of living via many facets of life.

Predominantly, we will be looking at how it helps in the automation of manufacturing and also logistics.
Application of RFID in Manufacturing Automation and Logistics
Inventory Tracking
Livestock & Pets
Automation Industry
High Value Chips
Case Study of Bellagio Casion, 2010
1.5m robbery of assorted chips varying from $100 to $25,000
Embedded RFID chips allowed casino to track movement; eventually devalidate the stolen chip
Cost to implement : $2.50 for each chip
BONUS: Measure activity in Casino by logging betting habits
Retail & Fashion
To see how RFID is used in the retail fashion industry, take a look at the video to learn more!
Livestock & Pets
How RFID is helping farmers in managing the livestock
Healthcare Management
Video showing how RFID could help the Healthcare inventory management
RFID installed near dock doors, as well as onboard forklift computers
Prevent mistakes in retrieving wrong goods
System integration done by Lithuanian company, Autepra UAB.
Source: http://www.rfidjournal.com/articles/view?10217
As a forklift driver approaches a dock door, an RFID reader captures the pallet's tag ID number, enabling the system to verify that the goods are being loaded onto the correct truck.
RFID's Description
Food and Beverage Industry
RFID readers at gate
RFID at trailers
Readers attached to trucks, along with GPS and Wi-Fi
RESULTS: 19% reduction in inefficiency, 6% overall cost reduction
Quality Control
"Mystery Shipping"
By using RFID to track sample goods to track quality across the supply chain
EXAMPLE: Spanish National Postal Service
Able to document the pros and cons of their service
What is RFID?
RFID systems usually contain three parts:
1. Tag – a microchip that can send and receive data (messages).
2. Verifier – interfacing with the Tag, the Verifier can read/write data and sends messages to access the Tags data.
3. Data base – a small amount of memory that uses as a data base that can be changed.

Limitations of RFID
Limits of RFID systems are very important. These systems were designed to be low cost in order to enable mass production.
Broadcast range is limited to a few meters, therefore the Tag and the Verifier must be sufficiently close.
Due to their small size the RFID systems have a limited computational power, and limited memory.
Hence a "heavy" encryption algorithm can not be used by RFID systems.
Automation Industry
Installing passive RFID tag on every cylinder head and engine block that GM uses to make its Gen 5 six- and eight-cylinder engines
The company has been applying a passive 13.56 MHz Siemens Simatic RF340T tag, containing 8 kilobytes of memory, to every pallet on which engines are loaded.
First, an engine assembly is placed on a pallet, and the engine's unique ID number is then input and linked to the RFID number on the tag permanently affixed to that pallet. The pallet tag is read and written to as the engine moves through dozens of assembly processes, is removed from the pallet and is shipped out of the plant for installation in a vehicle.
General Motors (GM) has been using RFID in their factories since early 2012
Library Books
Traditional Usage of RFID

Library VS Retail for RFID
Library has multiple usage for RFID since the books will be returned
Retail = "throw-away" for RFID
RFID as security purpose = readers can change the "security bit" from "in" to "out".
Library Books
Current / New Usage of RFID
'Smart Bookshelves'
Communication between Bookshelf and individual books = able to notify librarian when books are not returned to correct shelf
Huge savings on manhours to search for correct book
Handheld devices to sweep quickly and find a particular book
Study: http://www.nlb.gov.sg/ShowBinary/BEA%20Repository/corporate/Publications/Attachment/NLBCaseStudy_EnglishArabic.pdf
Blood Transfusion Tracking
To prevent mis-trunsfusion of blood, which is reported to cause 44,000 to 98,000 deaths each year in US
The new RFID chip is attached to the blood bag when the blood is drawn from the donor
A specially developed elastic housing ensures protection against the strong forces
A microcontroller stores up to 1000 measurement values of the sensor and 256 Bytes of general blood information
ME4262 - Term Paper
Smart Shelves
Smart shelves = continually scanning of products placed on shelves
Able to notify when "misplaced" products are around
Able to alert when items quantity is low and needs to be replenished
Smart Shelves
Expiry date notification
More product information can be stored and scanned at information counters (Eg, product contents, warnings and other features
Aircraft Parts Labelling
Boeing has 1,700 to 2,000 critical parts labelled with RFID
Helps in maintenance by easily locating the defect part to reduce isolation time
Aircraft Parts Labelling
Reduce risk of data entry errors
Lower the risk of having suspected unapproved parts on the airplane
Full transcript