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JAMAICA

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by

Laura Wallace

on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of JAMAICA

JAMAICA

Capital: Kingston
Total Population: 2 909 714
10,990 sq km
145 km from the south of Cuba
3rd largest Caribbean Island
Welcome to JAMAICA!
Prime Minister: Portia Simpson-Miller
GOVERNMENT
LANDSCAPE
Mountains, waterfalls, rivers, forests, plains, caves, bays, beaches, caves
IMPORTANT CITIES
Ocho Rios
Parish: St. James

- Tourist capital

:largest airport
:Music festivals (Reggae, Jazz, Blues)

-Also called Mobay and 'the friendly city


Montego Bay
HISTORY
- Arawak indians, original inhabitants
- 14 May 1494 - Christopher Columbus arrives on island, start of spanish arrival
- 1665 - no Arawak left, replaced by African slaves
- 1645 - Britain captured Jamaica from Spain
- 1660-70 - Pirates used Port Royal as a resort
- 1672 - Jamaica was the chief market for slave trading enterprise
- Late 1700's - Jamaica was very prosperous
- 1807 - slave trade is abolished
- 1834 - slaves were emancipated
- 1938 - first political parties formed to campaign for Jamaica's independence
- Jamaica was granted independence as its own country, separate from British ruling


IMPORTANT HISTORICAL SITES
PORT ROYAL (“City that sank”)

17th century : economic centre

Ships/Pirates/Treasures

June 7th 1692, earthquake
2/5 of population died. 2/3 town sank.

Major underwater archaeological site
4 Christian Holidays

Secular Holidays

Labour Day:
May 23rd

Emancipation Day:
August 1st

Independence Day:
1st Monday in August

National Heroes Day:
3rd Monday in October

New Year's Day/ Boxing Day
HOLIDAYS
MUSIC

- Reggae Sumfest,
-The Ocho Rios Jazz festivals
-The Port Royal Music Festival
Spicy foods
Seafood
Tropical Fruits
Meats
Rice and Peas
Bun
ACKEE & CODFISH
Jamaican Patty
Jamaican Rum Punch
Red Stripe Beer
FOOD
Morant Bay Courthouse
Morant Bay Rebellion of 1865

protest against poor socio/economic condition

Only small part of it remains
Old Jewish Cemetery
LANGUAGE
- English speaking country
- Patois: combination of English and some African languages
- Most Jamaicans can speak and understand patois
- Becoming a written language just recently
- Jamaican speech has a distinctive rhythmic and melodic quality

LITERATURE
Inspired from story telling, tradition from days of slavery
ex) Anancy –trickster
Tiger– slave master =>Fable

Island’s natural speech is an important elements. => patois cannot be ignored


NOW

Evolved from simple story telling to all kind of genres



Governor General:
Patrick Allen
Leader of Opposition:
Andrew Michael Holness
Music is a huge part of the Jamaican lifestyle

Derived from African Roots

Ska - soft R&B beats
Dancehall - DJ music, recently popular
Reggae - most popular, associated with Jamaica


MUSIC
JAMAICAN FLAG
Protestant 62.5%
Roman Catholic 2.6%
,
Other or unspecified 14.2%,
None 20.9%
(2001 census)
RELIGION
ART

Black represents the strength and creativity of the people which has allowed them to overcome the odds
Yellow is the golden sunshine
Green is the lush vegetation of the island
ROLES
Dance
Jamaican Time
Households

CULTURAL RELATIVISM & OTHER SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT
POPULAR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Bob Marley Museum
CLOTHING
- Light clothing
- Beachwear
- Wear a lot of green, yellow, red and black
- Clothing with Bob Marley and Bob Marley quotes
- Dread tams
"OUT OF MANY ONE PEOPLE"
ETHNICITIES
VALUES
Race
-
determines wealth and class
BELIEFS
Jamaica is divided into 14 Parishes

Capital Cites:
Kingston,Spanish Town,May Pen, Mandeville,Montego Bay, St. Ann's Bay, Black River,Savanna-la-Mar, Port Maria
Morant Bay, Port Antonio, Falmouth
Lucea
-Centre of shipping commerce during 17th century

-Earthquake June 7th 1692

-"City that sank"

-Important archaeological site

-Now small fishing town

Port Royal
Kingston
Capital/ largest city
Originally purely agriculture
Became the capital in 1872
Became industrial after 1692 earthquake.
The industrial, administrative, and cultural hub.
Highest murder rates



Dunn's River Falls
Doctor's Cave Beach, Montego Bay
Dolphin Cove
Blue Hole, Ocho Rios
African-Caribbean religious practices such as Puk-kumina, revivalism, Kumina, Myalism, and Rastafarianism have especially significant African influences
the island has the highest number of churches per capita in the world
Men:
head of churches
money makers of the family
head of the community
better paying jobs
low unemployment
Women:
take care of the household
take care of children
high unemployment
Subculture: Rastafarian
Parish – St. Ann

Fast growing town

Safe areas for tourists

Famous for
:Dunn’s River Falls
:Fern Gully

Spa, Resorts, Shopping centre
Rastafari
FESTlVAL
Cultural Do's & Don'ts
- sculptures, carvings and colourful paintings depict the vibrant scenery of the island and heritage of the people
FOOD

-Curry Festivals
-Mango Festivals
-Breadfruit Festivals,
-Jerk Festival,
-Seafood Festivals

relaxed and laid-back lifestyle
Very family-oriented
value heritage, stay true to their roots
- derived from Africa

- Rastafarian religious practice includes the ritual inhalation of marijuana, to increase their spiritual awareness

- believe that blacks are the "chosen people of God"

- Forbidden to cut their hair

- Abstain from alcohol

- Follow a number of Old Testament laws

- try to refrain from eating meat, especially pork
Religion
-
God is praised in music and every day life
DO

Politeness/ respect
Patience
"soon come"
Direct eye contact


DON'T

Homosexuality
Backtalk to adults
Rastafarians
-
believe they must return to Zion (Ethiopia)
Black 90.9 %
Mixed 7.3 %
East Indian 1.3 %
White 0.2 %
Chinese 0.2 %
Other 0.1 %
Cha! - expression of distaste
Nyam - eat
Buoy - boy
Gyal - girl
Pickney - child
Backra - white man
Darkers - sunglasses
Lawd a massy - Lord have mercy
Jes res me - leave me alone
Wanti wanti can't get it, getti getti no want it - jamaican expression, you want what you can't have and you take what you have for granted

Declared a national monument by JNHT (1993).

One of the oldest cemetery in Jamaica

Founded by Jews of Port royal in late 17th century
Ceremonies

Traditional Wedding
- bride parades through streets to her wedding
- weddings are community celebrations, no guests refused
- anyone can attend for a feast of curried goat, rice and peas, and rum punch
- slices of rum cake are mailed to guests who couldn't attend
volcanic eruption - limestone
1. Eastern mountains
Blue Mountains - 2256m (highest)

2. Central Valleys
Rivers and Streams
The Black River - 73km (longest)

3. Coastal plains
Natural harbours,beaches,rugged cliffs

-limestone caves, waterfalls, forests
-Biodiversity
Born as Robert Nesta Marley
- Became an internationally known artist
- most famous reggae performer
-Rastafarian themes most of his music
Bob Marley
Claude Mckay,
Louise Bennett-Coverly
Hazel Dorothy Campbell
Michelle Cliff
Derek Walcott - 1992 nobel prize
Ian Fleming - James Bond
- Lived in Jamaica 1946-1964


"Would these books have been born if I had not been living in the gorgeous vacuum of a Jamaican holiday? I doubt it." - Ian Fleming
FAMOUS AUTHORS
Full transcript