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Sarthi Patel

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Citizenship

Voting: fundamentals clearly stated in Constitution
During the debates on the adoption of the Constitution, its opponents repeatedly charged that the Constitution as drafted would open the way to tyranny by the central government.
Fresh in their minds was the memory of the British violation of civil rights before and during the Revolution.
They demanded a "bill of rights" that would spell out the immunities of individual citizens.
Thus the process to constitute the first 10 amendments of the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights to limit power of federal government.
Aspects of Citizenship
Important right as a citizen
Freedom to express yourself.
Freedom to worship as you wish.
Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury.
Right to vote in elections for public officials.
Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship.
Right to run for elected office.
Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
Support and defend the Constitution.
Stay informed of the issues affecting your community.
Participate in the democratic process.
Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws.
Respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others.
Participate in your local community.
Pay income and other taxes honestly, and on time, to federal, state, and local authorities.
Serve on a jury when called upon.
Defend the country if the need should arise.
Is voting a responsibility or a right ? Both
Voting enables citizens to participate in a democratic process and to have your voice heard.
Voting is very important because it's granted to citizens as a right, it is a human right, a privilege, and a responsibility.
Voting grants power to communities as well, to determine their future leaders.
Core Values
Sunday, March 16 2014

Rights &Responsibilities
What is a Citizen?
Process and Responsibilities as a citizen
My Vote Counts
Citizenship is the common thread that connects all Americans. The United States is a nation bound not by race or religion, but by the shared values of freedom, liberty, and equality.
The Citizenship
History on Bill of Rights
A person with certain rights and duties under a government; a person who by birth or by choice owes allegiance and loyalty to the nation. Being a citizen is important because it is very essential to be an informed citizen because many issues reported locally and nationally effect people.
Citizens have rights and responsibilities, and shared national, continental, and global interests.
Strong and healthy communities welcome diversity in cultural expressions, values and lifestyles.
Some citizens tend to not vote because they think all politicians are the same and their policies do not effect the change.Citznes need to keep in mind that not all politicians are the same; therefore they should be informed about elections and officials. By doing this, citizens support our government efforts to meet the needs as a society.
Voters should know the local voter registration requirements and register to vote prior to the deadline.
To treat the election officials with courtesy and respect.
To follow the instructions on how to mark your ballot.
To understand that once your ballot is cast, you cannot be given another ballot.
To ask the election official to call the General Registrar's office before you leave the polling place if you have problems regarding your eligibility to vote or the casting of your ballot.
Voters should report any attempts they may have witnessed that involve committing fraud or corruption in the voting process. T
As a active citizen, vote for a candidate whom you have deep interest in and the reasons for how he or she will help you and your community.
No voter may remain in the voting machine for longer than five minutes except for good and sufficient reason.
No voter shall re-enter a voting machine after casting his/her ballot.
No voter shall communicate with any person in the polling place except for the Election Officers.No voter may remain in the voting machine for longer than five minutes except for good and sufficient reason.
No voter shall re-enter a voting machine after casting his/her ballot.
No voter shall communicate with any person in the polling place except for the Election Officers.
Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds then they will just have to sit on their blisters.
Importance of Right to Vote
This history of the right to vote has been defined by exclusions. At the beginning of our republic for the most part only white males with property or wealth could exercise the right to vote. The first major expansion was the
women suffrage
in 1920. The female citizens were totally excluded from full citizenship before the 19th amendment. The second major expansion of the
right to vot
e occurred after the Civil War with the adoption of th
e Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
which extended the right to vote to former African American slaves. However, from that time until the Voting Rights Act in 1965, many African American, Latino/a, Asian American were kept from the polls through overtly racist means. Although the passage of the
Voting Rights Act of 1965
heralded a new beginning in providing racial and ethnic minority communities with access to the political process, the struggle for universal suffrage and political participation is far from over. Today as active citizens, everybody citizen has right to vote and most definitely they should respect it.
Ideas and qualities that are necessary in a democratic society. Those ideas are based to set limits on how much control can a government have over its citizens.
FUNDAMENTAL BELIEFS: Created to unite all American citizens.
Constitutional Principles: Crated by the founding fathers to acknowledge the power of the citizens.
Rule of Law: Both the people and the government must obey all laws.
Separation of Powers: The executive, legislative and judicial branches of the government should be separate institutions so no one branch has all of the power.
Representative Government: People have the right to elect others to represent them in the government.
Checks and Balances: The powers of the three branches of government, executive, legislative and judicial, should be balanced. No one branch should be dominate.
Individual Rights: Each individual has the fundamental right to life, liberty, economic freedom and the pursuit of happiness.
Freedom of Religion: The right to practice any or no religion without persecution by the government.
Federalism: The states and the federal government share power as outlined by the Constitution.
Civilian Control of the Military: The people control the military to preserve democracy.
A person's right to life can't be violated except if your life or the lives of others is threatened.
This includes personal freedom, political freedom, and economic freedom. This is the freedom for people to gather in groups. They have their own beliefs, ideas and opinions. People also have the right to express their opinions in public.
Personal Freedom
- the right to think and act without government control.
Political Freedom
- the right to participate in political process.
Economic Freedom
- the right to buy, sell and trade private property and the right to employment without the government interfering.
The Pursuit of Happiness
: As long as you don't interfere with others you have the right to seek happiness in your own way.
Common Good
: Working together for the welfare of the community or the benefit of all.
All people should be treated fairly in both the benefits and the obligations of society. No individual or group should be favored over another person or group.
Everyone has the right to Political, Legal, Social and Economic Equality.
The differences in culture, dress, language, heritage and religion are not just tolerated, but celebrated as a strength.
They should expect and demand that the government not lie to them and the government should disclose information to the people. The government and its people should not lie.
Popular Sovereignty:
The power of the government comes from the people. The people are the ultimate authority over the government.
The people or citizens show a love and devotion for their country and the values. They can show this by words or by actions.
Serve on Jury Duty
Serving on a jury is a basic right for citizens. The decision is taken based on the evidence heard at trial. Meaning that experts don't make the final decision nor the judge, the case is decided by jury of peers (group of citizens who heard the case and decide whether the person who is accused is guilty or innocent). There is also an opportunity to be a responsible citizen and opportunity to learn about the legal system.
Pay Taxes
Tax is a contribution to state income that is impose by the government on workers' income and business profit that are added to the cost of goods, service, and transactions
Taxes play an important role in our local, state, and federal government, without taxes the government would not be able to pay for our service.The money you pay in taxes goes many places.
Serve on Military.
Major problem faced by citizens via racial discrimination
Stop and frisk that's something no citizen likes but police do it anyway. Normally police stop those who look suspicious. For example those who sag their pants, smoke drugs in the corner, those who look like their rushing to get somewhere. but most of the people that get stopped are black and latinos they really don't stop and frisk white people. The NYPD’s stop-and-frisk practices raise serious concerns over racial profiling, illegal stops and privacy rights. 9 out of 10 stops and frisk are innocent. If you get stopped and frisk just stay calm if you know you aren't doing anything wrong.
What happens during Stop & Frisk
The officer pulls you to the wall, car or standing up.
The officer goes threw anything that your wearing that has pockets or places where people hide stuff
Ask you questions
If your caught with something illegal you are arrested and you go to jail.
DATA & GRAPH about Stop & Frisk
A good sign of active citizenship
General Ways of Acquiring Citizenship
Involuntary Method:
citizenship gained by birth, because of blood relationship, or place of birth.
Voluntary Method:
Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Non-citizens have to take test in order to become a citizen of the United States.

Global Citizenship
Why is America considered as a Melting Pot?
Up-standers are citizens who stand up for what they think is right.
To be a good citizen people should give their opinions and have discussions on them.
Many citizens have their own beliefs and motifs, but they are too afraid to share.
The characteristics of up-stander is to be an active citizen and share your opinions.
Up-standers are dedicated and passionate about inspiring action that leads to positive changes.
Up-standers goals are to open minds to new ideas, introduce people to endless possibilities and help them.
Obey the law/ respects the authority
Contribute to society & community and performs a civic duty
Courtesy and respects for the rights of others
Trustworthy and honesty
Moral Courage
The immigrants of today come not from Europe but overwhelmingly from the still developing world of Asia and Latin America. The are driving a demographic shift so rapid that within the lifetimes of today's teenagers, no one ethnic group – including whites of European descent – will comprise a majority of the nation's population.
Americans take pride in their "melting pot" society (a term coined by an immigrant, Israel Zangwill) that encourages newcomers to assimilate into the American culture.
This shift, according to social historians, demographers and others studying the trends, will severely test the premise of the fabled melting pot, the idea, so central to national identity, that this country can transform people of every color and background into "one America."
Global citizenship is an umbrella term for the social, political, environmental, or economic actions of globally-minded individuals and communities on a worldwide scale.
To be a global citizen is to effectively communicate and assist the people regarding where they originate from.
Global citizenship aims to empower citizens to lead their own action.
National citizens should overcome their biased barriers and they should become global citizen who connects equally with all people without wishing success over any one group of people, culture or nation.
Characteristics of Global Citizen
is aware of the wider world and has a sense of their own role as a world citizen;
respects and values diversity;
has an understanding of how the world works economically, politically, socially, culturally, technologically and environmentally;
is outraged by social injustice;participates in and contributes to the community at a range of levels from local to global;
is willing to act to make the world a more sustainable place;
takes responsibility for their actions.
Why do people move?
People have moved from their home countries for centuries, for all sorts of reasons. Some are drawn to new places by ‘pull ‘ factors, others find it difficult to remain where they are and migrate because of ‘push’ factors.
Pull Factors
Push Factors
lack of services
lack of safety
high crime
crop failure
higher employment
more wealth
better services
good climate
safer, less crime
political stability
more fertile land
lower risk from natural hazards
It is important to be an informed citizen because many issues reported locally and nationally effect people.
Informed citizens are better at making decisions on how to vote and their opinions are based on more facts than just personal feelings.
Informed citizens also help others become informed by telling members in their immediate family or community members about things going on which could effect them eventually like pollution.
By having a more informed society, people will be able to make better decisions which improve quality of life.
An enlightened citizenry is indispensable for the proper functioning of a republic. Self-government is not possible unless the citizens are educated sufficiently to enable them to exercise oversight. It is therefore imperative that the nation see to it that a suitable education be provided for all its citizens.
A Responsible Active Citizen
Understanding different aspects of democracy
Follow and obey the rules
Taking responsibility
Think outside the box
Able to work with others
Working toward consensuses
Having confidence to act for changes
Improving the quality of life of the community and the environment
Citizenship comes first today in our crowded world ... No man can enjoy the privileges of education and thereafter with a clear conscience break his contract with society. To respect that contract is to be mature, to strengthen it is to be a good citizen, to do more than your share under it is noble.
-Isaiah Bowman
The United States maintains armed services so the nation can defend itself in case of attack and can help other countries protect themselves. Many young adults can volunteer to serve the army, navy, marine, air force, or national/ coast guard. In order to serve they must be 18 years old but just because you register doesn't mean that they will have to serve in the armed forces, meaning that you will be called to serve when there is a national emergency.
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