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Week 3 Assignment: AT Device Evaluation

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Sanshika Porterfield

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Week 3 Assignment: AT Device Evaluation

Week 3 Assignment: AT Device Evaluation
Sanshika Porterfield
EDU 620: Meeting Individual Needs with Technology
Professor Chanee Gilbert
February 16, 2014


A peer review article by Khan and Slavitt (2013)
asserts that Khan Academy aims to encourage and
enable self-paced, mastery-based, and interactive learning.

All About Khan Academy
Cost: free
Licensing fee: not applicable
Requires training: not applicable
Additional required materials: not applicable
Audience: 3rd-8th math and college-level sciences, economics, and humanities
UDL application: can be applied individually, but exemplifies one UDL principle (engagement) because the AT uses videos to re-teach math foundations

Khan Academy
Freddy Fraction
Critique of ATs
A peer review article composed by Friedman and Norman (2012) proposes that innovations in science and technology, when accessible to all, may have the effect of serving as an equalizer of opportunities of people with disabilities for living, learning, and earning.
Comparative Analysis
Comparison is the enemy to creativity ("https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/comparison?page=1", n.d.).
I disagree.
We should not compare apples to oranges; but, in some instances, comparing galas, red delicious', and granny smiths would clarify which apple is best suited for one's palate.
MathPlayer
Conclusion
My 10-year old daughter, Madison, often says, "math makes me wanna scream!"

While, she has not been diagnosed with having a math-related learning disability, I am always on the hunt for alternative teaching tools that better speak
to her learning style.
Math Struggles
Dyscalculia
Ageometresia
Acalculia
Number cognition
Number sense
Recent studies suggest that the incidence of math learning disabilities (LD) ranges from 5% to 9% of children. Math LD can co-occur with other types of LD, but a substantial percentage of children have math LD alone. ("http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyscalculia/six-facts-to-know-about-math-learning-disabilities-dyscalculia," n.d.)
AT improvements for wider appeal
Khan Academy: no improvement needed

Freddy Fraction: should cover more mathematical principles

MathPlayer: available on more
operating systems and
automatically updates to latest
version



My AT suggestion and reason
Khan Academy would be my recommendation. Here are my reasons:

short, engaging videos
step-by-step math solutions
content is aligned with Common Core State Standards
virtual scrap paper on practice area
offers hints when learner is stuck
learners can read comments to find alternative solution steps
parents can track learner's progress
learners are "rewarded" by badges earned
Evaluation Design
Honestly, I would not re-invent the wheel. I would use an already established AT evaluation design found: http://schools.nyc.gov/Academics/SpecialEducation/D75/for_employees/AssistiveTechnology
Advantages
Khan Academy: covers
multiple mathematical
principles

Freddy Fraction: can promote fine motor skills

MathPlayer: recently
added text-to-speech
capability
Disadvantages
Khan Academy: potential dependence on videos and hints as only learning methods

Freddy Fraction: only available on Apple products

MathPlayer: upgraded versions may not be readily known to users


Cost/benefits analysis
The priciest AT is Freddy Fraction because of it's sole availability on Apple products. The AT app is free but you would need to spend:
$299-$799 for an iPad
OR
$49-$399 for an iPod
OR
$99-$399 for an iPhone

The above does not include Wi-Fi connectivity or any phone plan one may need.
The value and significance of assistive technology (AT) can be understood in relation to performance problems. That is, a person with a disability encounters a task she is unable to complete. Following identification of an appropriate assistive technology device, acquisition of a product, training, and support in its use, she is able to successfully complete the same task. That is, assistive technology devices and services enhance the performance of individuals with disabilities by enabling them to complete tasks more effectively, efficiently, and independently than otherwise possible (Edyburn, 2013).
Three Math ATs
Pros
learn at your own pace via instructional videos
easy to track learners growth or problematic areas
virtual scrap paper for work
supports "flip classroom" model


Cons
lack of interface with a "live" person
passive learning - It is difficult for a student of any age to learn by listening alone, by passive absorption. He needs activity, to exercise his abilities, to overcome difficulties, to wrestle with the subject matter until he overcomes it (Leibowitz, 1995).
Pro
portable since AT is a downloadable app
Cons
limited to fractions, decimals, and percents reviews
only available as a downloadable app on Apple products
inability to see AT demo so potential buyers do not know the kinds of other
disabilities this AT can
assist
Pro
AT is suitable to learners with autism, emotional disturbance, major-other health impairment, speech or language impairment, and visual impairment
Cons
users have to always lookout for upgrades to software
only downloadable on operating systems: Internet Explorer and Window
End Result
I learned a lot during this assignment. Such as the importance for comparative shopping, reviewing a demo of the AT, and the true 'cost' of a product that is promoted
as free.
References
"Math makes me wanna scream!"
All About Freddy Fraction
Cost: free
Licensing fee: not applicable
Requires training: not applicable
Additional required materials: purchase or access to iPhone, iPod Touch, or iPad
Audience: intermediate elementary, middle school, and secondary learners
UDL application: was unable to review product
Freddy Fraction is an alien who needs your
help! He was exploring a strange, foreign planet when he realized he couldn't remember where he parked his spaceship...Freddy is lost! Help Freddy find his way back
home safely using fractions, decimals, and percentages
to lead him back to his spaceship! As part of the Virginia
Mobile Learning Apps Development Challenge, Freddy
Fraction is designed to enhance the student's ability to determine equivalence relationships among fractions, decimals, and percents, as well as improve
fractional computation
("http://techmatrix.org/resource/freddy-fraction," n.d.).
All About MathPlayer
Cost: free
Licensing fee: not applicable
Requires training: not applicable
Additional required materials: purchase or access to Internet Explorer or Windows operating systems
Audience: early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle
school, and secondary learners
UDL application: was unable to review product
With the help of ATs, free or fee-based, this acronym is not something my 10-year old would automatically link to math.
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