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Transcript of Renaissance.

European Renaissance.
Jan van Eyck,
The Madonna of Chancellor Rolin
, ca. 1435. Oil on canvas.
Italian Renaissance.
: Cultural movement that started in Italy and lasted approximately from 1300 to 1600.
Linked to the idea of REBIRTH= REVIVAL of ART and LEARNING.
Celebration of life and human spirit.
to bring back to life the culture of Classical Greece.
Classical and worldly values.
Intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements.
Humanists studied ancient text about story, philosophy, art and literature. From these they took what they believed were the greek values.

Enjoyment of worldly pleasures
: Humanists suggested that a person might enjoy life without offending God.

Secular spirit:
worldly rather than spiritual, concerned with the here and now.

Endorsement of the arts:
Wealthy families acted as patrons of the arts. This way they showed their own power and individual merit.
Revolution in the Arts:
Science rules applied to painting.
Realistic (yet usually ideal) representations of the human body portraying its individual characteristics.
Study of anatomy.
Oil paints.
Main idea:
The European Renaissance was a rebirth of learning that produced many great works of art, literature and science.
To understand how the Renaissance started, why, its expressions and its future effects.

14th-17th century a.d.
Cimabue, The Madonna of Santa Trinita, ca. 1270. Florence. Paint over wood.
Why did it started in Italy? :
Oversea trade.
Thriving cities: city-states.
e.g. The Medici Family in Florence.
Wealthy merchant class.
Classical heritage of Greece and Rome.
Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith slaying Holofernes 1614-1620. Oil on canvas.
Italian Renaissance artists:
Leonardo da Vinci.
Michelangelo Bounarroti.
Raphael Sanzio de Urbino.
Donatello di Niccolo.
Sofonisba Anguissola.
Artemisia Gentileschi.
Revolution in literature:
Renaissance writers produced works that reflected their time, but also techniques that writers rely on today.
Bocaccio (Decameron).
Vittoria Colonna.

• Writers use the
—their native language.
• Self-expression or to portray individuality of the subject.

Italian Renaissance Summary:
. 1501-1504. Marble sculpture.
A Tale from Decameron
, 1916. Oil on canvas.
1) Renaissance.
2) Humanism.
3) Secular.
4) Patrons.
5) Perspective.
6) Vernacular.
7) Utopia.
8) William Shakespeare.
9) Johann Gutenberg.
The Northern Renaissance:
Main idea:
During the 1400s the ideas of the Italian Renaissance began to spread to Northern Europe (England, France, Germany and Flanders).
Renaissance's common values:
Interest in the Classical culture.
Curiosity about the world.
Belief in human potential.
This common values were
by northern europeans according to their own needs and conditions:
Flanders: great merchant prosperity (long-distance trade and cloth production).
England & France: Unified states under strong rulers.
Interest in Realism.
Plans for for SOCIAL REFORM based on Judeo-Christian values.
Northern Renaissance's Expressions:
Critics of the failure of the Church to inspire people to live a Christian life.
Creation of
Christian Humanism
, focused on reforming society.
Desiderus Erasmus.
Thomas More.
Christianity of the heart: Less ceremonies, more practical actions.
More focused on humanity, more secular, even portraying everyday life.
Albretch Dürer.
Hans Holbein the Younger.
Jan van Eyck.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
William Shakespeare (from the English Renaissance or "Elizabethan Age)".
Johann Gutenberg: Improvement of the movable type print (original chinese invention).
Makes information more available and less expensive.
Increases the possibilities and desire for learning.
What does art tell you about the past?
Full transcript