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Film Production.

A presentation of the key stages of film production.
by

Chrystalla Athamou

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Film Production.

By Chrystalla.A Film Production. Project producer selects a story. Development. Development Stage. Pre - Production. Raw elements recorded. Production. Editing,Advertising. Post - Production In pre - production every step of the film is carefully designed and planned. A production office is established and a production company is created, a production budget is drawn up for the spending of each department of the film, e.g a budget for the expenditure on cast, a budget for editing etc. At this stage finalizing the elements of the basis of the film are set into motion.
Pre - production takes up to four months and involves location scouting, drawing story boards, production boards, creating production schedules, getting permits, and hiring a financial manager, or using a unit production manager in order to prepare a budget for the film document. This document is used in order to secure the financing for the film, the budget is typically divided into four parts. During the very first stage of the film the producer chooses an idea that may have come from a book, another film, an adaptation of an original story etc. That they believe could be a hit in the box office with the right elements.

As part of the development stage the director/project producer identify a key them or underlying message that they want to have conveyed to the audience. This is done just before the screen writer writes the screen play (which would most likely be re-written at least 3/4 times).

A film distributor is contacted in order to asses the market, this allows the producer to release their film during the peak season for that genre.

They then prepare a treatment, this is a 25 - 30 page description of the story, mood and characters which contains drawings that help the director and cast visualize the key points of the film. Since the film is created by the project producer and not the director, it is up to the producer to find and hire a director that can create what the producer and screen writer have envisioned.

The producer that is hired should be one that has worked and possibly prospered in the genre of the film that is being created, that way the film can be advertised through big names that have made an impression for the quality of films that they direct.

The producer must prepare a film pitch that they will present to a variety of potential investors.
The film pitch has to sum up the film that they want to create in the most appealing way possible, the pitch is what attracts the investors as it tells them whether or not its a suitable investment or not.

During the development the producer must consider the casting for the film even though they most likely have the very basic details about the film for example, genre, basic story outline.

The producer must pick an effective cast that appeals and attracts an audience for example if they were going to create a fantasy/adventure they could use a main actor like Johnny Depp as he is well known for many famous films, by doing this the producer hires the actor but gains his/her reputation and their fan base. Having a vague idea about the casting is vital information as most of the other departments that create the film need to know what the casting could be like, e.g make - up artists might want, need to do some research on what would work for the actors etc.

Having an idea about casting allows the director to fully envision the whole film with those people in the starring roles, even though the casting choice at this point is just theoretical it allows the director to be able to envision the outcome better.

By the time the producer has finished his film pitch and has been given the "green light" (this would be done if the presentation was successful and attracted multiple financiers) the producer, director should have a clear marketing strategy and an in depth knowledge about their target market. Above the line - is creative talent e.g cast, Below the line - direct production cost, Post production - computerized changes e.g editing, visual effects etc, and other - this would mainly be the legalities for the film e.g insurance completion bond etc.

The director, producer, editor, production designer, art director, costume designer and screenwriter all sit down together to make sure they all have the same vision for the film.

Rewrites and more rewrites. Purchasing film stock. Getting a film crew together, hiring a caterer. Renting sound stages and equipment. Casting the parts. Rehearsals. The pre - production is the editing stage of the film making.
During this stage the footage from the filming is edited, music/animation and graphics are created. Post production is in fact many different things grouped under one name for example;
re - recording and editing of any sound tracks needed during the film, Special affects/ CGI are put in, sound affects are recorded and also put into the scenes of the film. Typically, the post-production phase of creating a film takes longer than the actual shooting of the film, and can take several months to complete .
The process of editing a movie is also seen as the second directing because through the post production it is possible to change the intention of the movie.
Furthermore through the use of color correcting tools and the addition of music and sound, the atmosphere of the movie can be heavily influenced. In this stage the film is actually shot, more crew will be recruited during this stage such as property master, script supervisor, assistant directors, stills photographer and picture/sound editor.
However these are just the most common roles in the film making industry.

At the end of every day the director approves the next days shooting schedule and a daily progress report is sent to the production office, the daily progress report includes report sheets from continuity, sound and camera teams. Call sheets are distributed to the cast and crew to tell them when and where to turn up the next shooting day. Later on, the director, producer, other department heads, and, sometimes, the cast, may gather to watch that day or yesterday's footage, called dailies, and review their work.
With workdays often lasting 14 or 18 hours in remote locations, film production tends to create a team spirit. When the entire film is in the can, or in the completion of the production phase, it is customary for the production office to arrange a wrap party, to thank all the cast and crew for their efforts. Distribution. Advertising & selling the film. Film distribution is the last stage of film production. In this stage the film is advertised to its target audience through a variety of media technology.
The film would be advertised through posters, bill boards, bus advertisements, trailers, interviews,premiers and social networking sites.
If the film featured well known actors then the advertising agent could use their social networks in order to additionally attract their fan base as well as the initial target audience that the film is aimed at. Distribution isn't just about selling the film to the target audience it's also about selling the film to cinemas across the country and throughout the globe, distributors can also choose "simultaneous release" this is where the film is made available through many media such as cinema, internet, dvd etc this has multiple advantages as it caters to the comfort and needs of the audience. In terms of features, a distributor is generally an organization who handles the theatrical release of a film in a particular country as well as the marketing and circulation of films for home viewing (DVD, Video-On-Demand,Download, Television etc).
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