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Horse Breeds & Colors

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by

Savannah Delby

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Horse Breeds & Colors

BAY
Horse Breeds & Colors
Reddish brown body color
Black mane, tail, ear edges, and lower legs
Black
Relatively uncommon coat color
True black horses have dark brown eyes, black skin, and wholly-black hair coats without any areas of permanently reddish or brownish hair
May have pink skin under any white markings
Tobiano
White legs below the knee and hocks
Regular spots and heads are marked like a solid-colored horse
Overo
Variable head markings
One or more leg is dark colored
Scattered body markings
Tobiano
Overo
Palomino
Gold Coat
White mane and tail
Dun
Always have a dark stripe down back
Dark mane and tale
Could look similar to a zebra on legs
Gray, gold or tan body coat
Roan
Mixture of white and pigmented hairs
Different types

Red Roan
Blue Roan
Bay Roan
Sorrel
Most common equine color
Reddish horse with the same color or lighter mane and tail
Gray
Silvering of the colored hairs of the coat
Most gray horses have black skin and dark eyes
Grulla
Has a black stripe from mane to tail
Leg markings that look like a tiger stripe
Has a dark faceDark ear tips
Dark main and tail
In the Dun family
a tan-gray or mousy like color
The colors may vary
Breeds
Arabian
Originated in Arabia
Harsh conditions in the deserts 850 to 1,100 pounds at maturity
Color may be bay, gray, chestnut, and occasionally black or white
Used for racing, and showing
Most not afraid of loud noises, so used in early battles of warfare
Appaloosa
Originated in France 1710
Spotted body
Lipizzan
Originated in Spain
Born black, but change to white around 6-10 years
Known for intelligence
Once known to be owned by only noble cultures
Used for grand entrances in shows
Tennessee Walking Horse
Comes in all colors and patterns
Long, slender body
Quarter Horse
originated in the US
named for short stretch they originally raced
colors may be black, brown, bay, sorrel, dun, chestnut, buckskin, gray, roan, grullo, ect.
used for riding, racing, and stock horses
Pony Of America
(POA)
Usually 11.2-14 hands
The coloring must be that of an Appaloosa
Developed in 1954 in Iowa
Originally a cross between an Appaloosa and Shetland Pony
Shetland Pony
Under 14.2 hands
Weighs between 500-900 lbs
Usually have thicker hair compared to horses
Considered intelligent and friendly
Originally used for driving and freight transport
Thoroughbred
Best known for their use as race horses
Known for agility and speed
Originated in the Middle East
Typically between 15.2-17 hands
Has long legs and sleek body
Most often bay, chestnut, gray, black or sorrel
Yakut
Originated in Siberia in the Soviet Union
Can withstand cold temps as low as -60 below
Most rugged breed, smaller than most horses so do not lose as much heat
Variety of colors
Clydesdale
Originated in Scotland
Colors are mainly bay and brown with with markings
Average 18+ hands
About 2000 lbs at maturity
Belgian
Originated in Belgium
Colors are bay, chestnut, or roan.16-18 hands tallweighs 1,900 to 2,200 pounds at maturitymainly used for their power
Paint
used for racing, shows, & stock purposes
Originated in Spain
Known as the “Indian horse”
two color patterns
Mustang
Only free horse in USA (Nevada)
Can adopt mustang, around 2 million were killed in the 1900’s to clear the open range
Wild disposition
Questions?
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