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Transcript of railroads
http://cprr.org/Museum/Chinese.html Signed in 1862
Granted two companies, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific the right to build the railroad
Granted both companies money and land grants for land covered with their tracks Union Pacific and Central Pacific raced across the US to see who could earn more money
Every mile traveled, they earned $16K for flat land, $32K for hilly land, and $48K for mountains Facing a labor shortage, they were forced to hire Chinese immigrants.
James Strobridge, a leader in the company, only hired a few, but he became impressed with their work ethic.
By 1868 nearly 80% of workers were Chinese. Union Pacific Railroad Workers Started in Omaha, Nebraska
Quicker moving company who went through many flat areas to make their money
General Grenville Dodge was the chief engineer The labor force was mainly made of Irish immigrants.
Until 1866 Irish immigrants were the main group of workers Starting in Sacramento, CA
Needed to cross the steep Sierra Nevada mountains.
Hard work combined with snow storms caused countless deaths. Both companies faced many problems
Land, Native Americans, and disease posed significant problems Central Pacific Union Pacific For the Central Pacific, snow storms left many dead, not to be found till the following spring. The food was manageable, however. Workers faced Native American raids and burnings. Water-borne illness also killed many. Reports convinced many potential workers that there were better jobs. Chinese Exculsion Act Started in Sacramento, California
Theodore Judah was the first person to plan out the railroad
Leland Stanford invested a lot of money into the railroad and its success. In 1882, the act came into effect,
halting immigration and disabling Chinese people from becoming U.S. citizens. Main Factors Other Major People C.P. Huntington-Vice President
Charles Crocker-Chief engineer Post Civil War In 1866, job hungry Civil war veterans joined the company. The group was now able to work with military precision. Leader Jack Casement averaged a speedy pace of two miles per day. Native Americans battled with railroad workers during building of transcontinental railroad
Struck fear in hearts of workers
Army forced to intervene Long term effect Buffalo herds were hunted to extinction
White settlement in the West increased forcing Natives to abandon sacred hunting grounds Marked the meeting place of the two railroad companies
Big celebration and the last four spikes were made of gold Huge intercontinental trade increase with about $50 million of goods shipped coast to coast per year
Completed "Manifest Destiny" Social Effects United the nation and its people
People could travel from the east coast to the west coast in a matter of days compared to months
Northeast workers had the option to move west Railroads by Strauss Mann and Alex Wada