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TIMELINE OF THE BIBLE
Transcript of TIMELINE OF THE BIBLE
We are still waiting for act 6 to occur; Our King's triumphant return!!!
ACt One: God Establishes His Kingdom: Creation
Act 2: Rebellion in the Kingdom: The Fall
Act 3: The King Chooses Israel: Redemption Initiated
Interlude: A Kingdom Waiting for an Ending: The Intertestimental Period 432 BC - 5 AD
Act 4: The Coming of the King: Redemption Accomplished
Act 5: The Spreading of the News of the King: The Mission of the Church
Act 6: The Return of the King: Redemption Completed
In the Beginning there was Shalom
There was Harmony with:
all Of Creation
God Creates the Universe
Yahweh Elohim establishes his kingdom in 6 days
On the 7th day he rested
Light: Day and Night (Day 1)
The sky (Day 2)
Land and Oceans and Vegetation (Day 3)
The sun, moon and stars (Day 4)
Birds and Fish (Day 6)
And man in his image (Day 7)
TIMELINE OF THE BIBLE
Adam and Eve
The Lord created man from the dust of the earth and named Him Adam (Gen 2:7)
God also created creatures of the earth, but none of these creatures were suitable companions (Gen 2:18-20)
So God created Eve from the rib of Adam (Gen 2:21-25)
Shalom was accomplished
The Seventh Day
God Saw that his creation was good and rested
He blessed the seventh day and made it holy
On that day God was prepared to rule
Shalom is Broken..
Adam and Eve Tempted by the serpent (Gen 3)(Websters Dictionary)
Cain and Abel (Gen 4)
Noah's Ark (Gen 5-10:1)
Tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9)
Connection with God is lost...?
Adam and Eve are told by God not to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge
Serpent tempts Eve, places doubt in Eve's mind about God
“For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” (Gen 3:5)
Eve then tempts Adam to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree
Results of the Fall
Man become "like God" knowing good and evil...
Because of this, death is introduced
And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.” - Genesis 3:22
The Mother promise:
And I will put enmity
between you and the woman,
and between your offspring[a] and hers;
he will crush[b] your head,
and you will strike his heel.” - Genesis 3:15
Results of the Fall Cont'd
Cain and Abel: Fratricide: Murdering your sibling (Gen 4:8)
The Flood: God was not pleased with man, wanted to clear wickedness of the earth.. (Gen 6:6-7)
But God Commanded Noah to build an ark and save all the animals of the earth by pairs..
"Noah did everything just as God commanded him." Gen 7:5
God made a covenant with Noah, never to flood the earth ever again.. Genesis 8:22
Results of the Fall Cont'd
The Tower of Babel: Genesis 11
At the time, there was only one language on the earth. (Gen 11:1-2
Humans wanted to make a tower to make a name for themselves. (Gen 11:3-4)
Example of autonomy: acting separate from God..
God was not pleased, so he scattered people and languages around the world... (Gen 11:5-9)
Patriarchal Period and Other Prophets
Patriarchal Period (Gen 12-50):
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Samuel
All Major and minor prophets..
Patriarchal Period: Abraham
God's response to Babel was to call on Abraham...
God promised Abraham 3 main points:
1) Many descendents
2) Relationship with God filled with blessing
3) A land of their own
Patriarchal Period: Isaac and Jacob
From Abraham to Isaac to Jacob
Joseph is born, and sold into slavery...
But establishes a people to be a "blessing to all nations"
END OF GENESIS
Relationship of blessing with God
Land of their own
Exodus and Leviticus
The Period in Egypt
Israelites under slavery because of the Pharaoh
God chooses Moses to lead them out of slavery
Moses leads Israelites into the wilderness
Then brought to Mount Sinai
There, God gives them a new identity:
1) Are a treasured possession
2) Priestly Kingdom
3) Holy Nation
On Mount Sinai: 10 Commandments
Moses was given the 10 Commandments, which stated:
1) In everything you do, put God first.
2) Do not worship Idols, only God.
3) Do not use God's name in vain.
4) Keep the Sabbath Day holy.
5) Respect your parents.
6) Do not murder.
7) Do not commit adultery.
8) Do not steal.
9) Do not lie.
10) Do not get jealous
Exodus 40: The Tabernacle
Building of the tabernacle
For God to dwell with his people everyday.
Leviticus: Living with a Holy God
Israel bound to covenant = Ready to be a Holy Nation?
Covenant: A binding agreement
Israel gets ready to enter the promised land...
Cannot however, because there is unbelief amongst the people
Therefore they travel in wilderness for 40 years...
People are on the borders of the promised land...
Moses passes away on the Planes of Moab at the age of 120 years.
Deuteronomy is filled with stories and laws
Joshua is chosen as the successor to Abraham
Israel show that:
1) Israel is a great nation
2) Israel is in the Land
3) They are committed to serving the Lord
4) Ready to fulfill their calling to be a blessing to all nations
Israel fails to be a blessing to the nations, becoming more like Canaanites
Ruth marries Boaz. King David is born 4 generations later.
Judges of Israel
In the Book of Judges
In 1 Samuel
Othniel: Delivered the Israelites from 8 years of oppression from Aram-Naharaim in Mesopotamia. Judges 3:7-11
Ehud: A left handed man, who stabbed Eglon, King of Moab. Judges 3:12-30
Deborah: Gets Barak to gather 10 000 troops, and defeats Sisera. Judges 4
Gideon: Freed the Israelites from the oppression of the Midianites and Amalekites with 300 soldiers. Judges 6-8.
Abimelech: Kills his 70 brothers, and becomes king of Manasseh. Judges 9
Tola: He led Israel for 23 years; then he died, and was buried in Shamir. Judges 10:1-2
Jair: He led Israel 22 years. Had 30 sons, who rode thirty donkeys. They controlled thirty towns in Gilead. Judges 10:3-4
Jephthah: The elders of Gilead ask him to be their leader against the Ammonites. Makes an oath, ultimately dedicating is daughter to the Lord. Judges 11.
Ibzan: he had 35 sons, and 30 daughters, sending them abroad. Then he took in 30 daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years. Judges 12:8-10
Elon: Che Zebulunite led Israel ten years. Judges 12:11-12
Abdon: had 40 and 30 grandsons. Led Israel for 8 years. Judges 12:13-15
Shamgar: Struck down 600 Philistines with an oxgoad. Judges 3:31
Samson: Tore down a temple with the power of God behind him, killing himself and all in the temple. Judges 13-15
Eli: Eli blesses Hannah, who is mother of Samuel, the last judge of Israel before the kings. Eli proceeds to train Samuel. 1 Samuel 1-3
Samuel: As a youth, God spoke to him 3 times in his sleep, and got the message that the Sons of Eli's actions would result in the destruction of their dynasty. 1 Samuel 3
Samuel is the last judge of Israel
God appoints Saul the 1st King of Israel
Saul is unfaithful to God:
Carries out a sacrifice
Does not overtake Amalekites
David rules faithfully...
Anointed by Samuel, God gives covenant:
Makes a great name for him
Protects him from enemies
David commits adultery with Bathsheba...
1 and 2 Kings
King after David dies
Begins his rule faithfully to God -> Creates the Temple of Zion
But breaks God's Torah -> Result is Kingdom splitting into 2:
North -> Israel South-> Judah
A prophet in Northern Israel
Defended worship of God during time of Canaanite rule
Appointed prophet after Elijah
Just following God's command to appoint him as Elijah's successor
Exile of Northern Kingdom
Israel is capture by the Assyrian Empire
As a result, Israel is exiled because of their sin (2 Kings 17)
Josiah, last King of Judah before Babylonian exile
Exile of the Southern Kingdom
Babylonian Exile 586 BC
Southern Kingdom falls to Babylon
People of Judah exiled to Babylon
Jerusalem and the Temple are destroyed
Seems that Israel has lost favour with God
Return from Exile (539 BC)
First group of Jews were lead back to Jerusalem
The temple was rebuilt and rededicated to God
Returns to Jerusalem and repairs the city's walls
Becomes Queen because of King Ahasuerus
Exposes Haman's plot to kill all of the Jews
She is able to save her people this way, and have Haman executed
Before Exile 835BC-Start of Exile
Elijah 863-851 BC
Elisha 858-848 BC
Joel: Date n/a
Jonah 793-753 BC
Amos 760-750 BC
Hosea 722-721 BC
Isaiah 740-680 BC
Micah 700-650 BC
Zephaniah 640-627 BC
Jeremiah 626-586 BC
Habakkuk 605-600 BC
During Exile 605-539BC
Ezekiel 539-571 BC
Daniel 530 BC
Obadiah 605-586 BC
Haggai 520 BC
Zachariah 520-480 BC
Malachi 430 BC
End of Act Three...
Jews were brought out of exile, and some Jews decided to return to Jerusalem...
some decided to stay where they were
The Temple has been rebuilt, but nothing was the same...
This leads into the Intertestimental period.
Persian Period: 539-334 BC
Persians were able to defeat Babylon
People were allowed to return to Judah
Greek Period: 344-166 BC
Alexander the Great expanding his empire
Resulted in the Hellinization of the Jews
Roman Period: 63-135 BC
Captured Jerusalem, and its people became subject to Rome
Under the rule of King Herod
Cruel leadership of Antiochus Epiphaues led to revolt of Jews
were successful, and rededicated and rebuilt the Temple in 164 BC
100 years of Jewish independence
Different Periods of Rule
Monotheism: Belief in only one true God
Elected By God: Israel is a special nation, chosen by God to be a model nation
Torah: Instructions given to Israel from God
Land and The Temple: God gave Israel them their own land, and the centre of the Land was to be his Temple, where God could dwell.
Redemptive Act: God will restore Israel
Beliefs of the Jews
Jesus is born: 5 BC
Baptized by John the Baptist: 30 AD
Begins Preaching: 30 AD
Crucified: 30 AD
Resurrection: 30 AD
Ascension: 30 AD
Birth of Jesus Christ: 5 AD
Jesus is born in Bethlehem, in a stable
"Son" to Mary and Joseph
News of the Messiah's birth reached King Herod
King Herod ordered every boy under 2 to be murdered.
Life of Jesus Christ: 5 AD-30 AD
Baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River
John the Baptist makes it clear that the Kingdom is near
After being baptized, Jesus spent 40 days in the wilderness, where he was tempted by Satan.
He does not give in, and after that 40 day period, he chooses his 12 Disciples
The 12 Disciples
Jesus' Crucifixion: 30 AD
Jesus is betrayed by one of his 12 Disciples, Judas.
He is arrested and sentenced to death via crucifixion by the Romans
He is whipped and beaten
Forced to carry his own cross up Mount Calvary
Stabbed on the side
Last words were, "It is finished"
Jesus' Resurrection: 30 AD
Jesus' body is placed in a tomb, behind a huge boulder
But after 3 days, the boulder is moved and Jesus' body is nowhere to be found
He has risen from the dead!
After his resurrection, God continues his ministry for 40 days, and continues to spend time with his disciples
After the 40 days, Jesus ascended into Heaven, to be at the right hand of God
John 20-Acts 1
Jerusalem to the World
Jesus' disciples were witnesses in Jerusalem, spreading the good news of what Jesus did, ultimately risking their life
From Jerusalem, to Judea, to Samaria to Rome!
To The Rest of the World!
Spreading of the good news continues to all the corners of the world!
Gods people (us) are commissioned to tell the good news of Jesus Christ
Until the day of his return, or we are called back to him!
Epilogue and Warning
12 “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End." - Rev 22:12-13
John of Patamos 90-95 AD
The book of Revelation was revealed to John on the island of Patamos
Was banished to Patamos for witnessing about Jesus Christ
Bartholomew, Craig G., and Michael W. Goheen.
The Drama of Scripture: Finding Our Place in the Biblical Story
. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2004. Print.
The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New.
Cambridge: Printed by John Field ..., 1668. Print.
"The Judges of Israel as Listed in the Book of Judges."
. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014
"Bible History Timeline."
Bible History Timeline.
N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
BY JETHRO ARCANGEL