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How Culture is Affected by Migration

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Alexia Addo-Nyarko

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of How Culture is Affected by Migration

How Culture is Affected by Migration
Language and Religion
Language is considered the most important part of a culture

When you share a language, it helps them understand each others values

Taking away someones language is a way to control them
ex. residential schools

People decide to migrate because of their beliefs

Some people are persecuted because of their beliefs; to escape persecution, they decide to migrate

People like to live in a community where they share religious beliefs with a large group of people
In the 1400s explorers and conquers moved from Western Europe into North, Central and South America, Africa, and elsewhere. They made contact with cultural groups that lived on those lands

Since the 1500s the cultural map has been changing. The people became more mobile and they migrated from many different cultures.

This movement brought people from different cultures together. As cultures moved together they shared they ways of living and beliefs.

In some other cultures groups this did not work out. Cultures will force its ideas on the other culture. Due to this some cultures were destroyed. For example the Aboriginal children were forced to go to residential schools. As each generation of children was taken from their families, they lost more of their traditional languages and cultures.

The Spread Of Ideas
Cultures sometimes borrow ideas and skills from one another. The early Lapps of Norway were hunters. Some moved south and met other groups who were farmers and from them they learned how to grow grain and raise domestic animals. Some of the Lapps who lived along the seacoast learned how to build boats from their Norwegian neighbors.

This peaceful movement of cultural ideas from one group to another is called
cultural diffusion

The spread of ideas can result in a win-win situation. Everybody gains something from the relationship.
For example some people learn how to use different types of tools to survive, how to grow crops for food or how to raise domestic animals for food, fur and much more.

We hoped you learned all there is to know on chapter 12
Hi class, my name is Alexia and here are my fellow two peers; Keethana and Harnoor. In this chapter we will explain and cover these key terms:

cultural diffusion
mainstream population
By: Alexia, Keethana and Harnoor
is a way of life shared by a group of people

Culture is composed of a number of things (ie)
the way people prepare food
the way they raise their children
values they believe in

Culture gives us our identity

People in cultural groups........
use a shared language to communicate with each other
share religious beliefs
educate their children of their way of life
share activities such as holidays or traditions
Changing Times, Changing Migrants
Today there are so many new types of migrants, many being professionals
these high profile people change countries further into their careers

Before 1908 most migrants were male, women used to be short range migrants

This has all changed, now more women move more often, since 2005 women have become half of all migrants
many coming from Asian countries, fining work on farms, domestic work, food services or health care

Over the years concerns have arose for migrant workers as may are mistreated and abused

In 2003 the United Nations passed the International Convention on the Protection rights of migrant workers
this law ensures that migrants have adequate living conditions and are legally protected from
from sexual abuse, and do not work long hours for low wages

Since 2000 the number of migrant workers in the world has increased by 15 million, theses numbers have skyrocketed because little work is available in their home countries

This is seen significantly in developing countries where there are high percentages of people who are under 30

Today over 191million people are living and working in a country that is not their own

Mainstream Population
The major cultural group in a society is called the mainstream population

They live in ethnoburbs

When new comers arrive they bring social and economic changes to their new country

In some cases reactions are favourable

In some cases, not

Using Immigration to Foster Racism
Many people feel threatened by people migrating from different cultures

They fear people who look and act differently from themselves.

This fear is called
, which often leads to racism

Within some countries 'racial purity' is strong.

People in these countries do not want their cultures to change

Some groups misuse religious teachings to encourage racism
For example the Taliban in Afghanistan misuse their religion, they persecute and create
fear among their own citizens in attempt to have their beliefs and values control the region

Why Cultures Change
There are many reasons why cultures change.

Sometimes the living conditions of group changes.
For example the Bantu people of Africa moved south and forced the !Kung to move toward the Kalahari desert.

In order to survive the !Kung had to changes there ways of living.

They need to make new tools, new methods of finding food and new skills of survival.

The !Kung had to change their culture to match their new living conditions.
When Cultures Meet
Cultural Isolation
Outside groups did not influence some cultures greatly until more recent times. Japan, the Koreans, China and Mongolia had official polices designed to keep foreigners out.

The great distance between these countries and Europe or the Americans helped them to stay isolated and stay away from the influences of other cultures.

So they can maintain their own culture.
Destruction Of Cultural Groups

Throughout history some cultures have been destroyed

Stronger cultures often overran other cultures and destroyed them
An example of this was with the Europeans and Natives

•Minor Diseases of one group can become deadly killers of another
Native people in Australia and North America

Since the diseases were so new to them they didn’t have a resistance to the diseases
These diseases include small pox, tuberculosis and measles

In 1970 demand to Arctic oils and gas increased

When people went drilling rigs it affected the Inuit culture and forced them to leave

Eventually they began to fit into Modern

Toward Assimilation
• Some cultures are dominant or overpowering; often leave little room for the original culture to survive

• Many people in the less dominant culture turn away from their traditional lives

Instead they try to join the more modern culture

•When people try to join a different culture it is called

but, this is not always successful

People who try to assimilate often face strong resistance from the new culture (eg. Prejudice and belief that one race is superior, also known as

In Australia, Aborigines were treated as second class citizens and given the lowest paying jobs

What would make someone comfortable when coming to a different country?
Coming to Canada
People are comfortable with their identity and a place where that identity is welcomed and gives you a feeling of relief when you return home

Immigrants look for things that they are familiar with

Many northern Europeans settled in Ontario, west of Lake Superior because the physical setting is much like Finland, Sweden or Norway

People also looks for common cultural connections such as language, religion, music and history

Immigrants from West Africa generally move to Montreal because of the colonialism in West Africa was French

Immigrants tend to move to a location of the same cultural clusters or

Why might someone move to a place with a lot of people of the same culture?
Immigration Helps
Immigrants contribute to our culture and economy
They make Canada more vibrant

Immigrants add to our workforce and domestic market for goods

When we add to our workforce, we add value

The new immigrants spend money in our economy, they pay taxes that help our countries services
(health care, education, new roads etc)

Immigrants also hire people for their their businesses creating more jobs than they take
Immigration Brings Wealth
Canada's economy grow when skilled workers and professionals immigrate

When new immigrants arrive they need all sorts of new products

Meeting these demands and services create new jobs

In addition, some newly arrived immigrants start businesses and hire workers to help them

Studies show that, over long term immigrants increase a nations wealth
The populations of countries that are losing people to migration have a very high percentage of people who are under 20 years old

They chose to migrate because they have very few opportunities where they live

In many developing countries children are a burden for their families

Parents are glad to know that by migrating, their children will have a chance for a better future

However the loss of young people is a huge loss to the local community

When most of the young migrate to bigs or rural communities, the character of the community changes

With there being only a few elderly left behind, the traditions possibly even their language will die with the elders

When Countries Lose Their Young
A cluster of people from the same ethnicity living together
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