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How Culture is Affected by Migration
Transcript of How Culture is Affected by Migration
Language and Religion
Language is considered the most important part of a culture
When you share a language, it helps them understand each others values
Taking away someones language is a way to control them
ex. residential schools
People decide to migrate because of their beliefs
Some people are persecuted because of their beliefs; to escape persecution, they decide to migrate
People like to live in a community where they share religious beliefs with a large group of people
In the 1400s explorers and conquers moved from Western Europe into North, Central and South America, Africa, and elsewhere. They made contact with cultural groups that lived on those lands
Since the 1500s the cultural map has been changing. The people became more mobile and they migrated from many different cultures.
This movement brought people from different cultures together. As cultures moved together they shared they ways of living and beliefs.
In some other cultures groups this did not work out. Cultures will force its ideas on the other culture. Due to this some cultures were destroyed. For example the Aboriginal children were forced to go to residential schools. As each generation of children was taken from their families, they lost more of their traditional languages and cultures.
The Spread Of Ideas
Cultures sometimes borrow ideas and skills from one another. The early Lapps of Norway were hunters. Some moved south and met other groups who were farmers and from them they learned how to grow grain and raise domestic animals. Some of the Lapps who lived along the seacoast learned how to build boats from their Norwegian neighbors.
This peaceful movement of cultural ideas from one group to another is called
The spread of ideas can result in a win-win situation. Everybody gains something from the relationship.
For example some people learn how to use different types of tools to survive, how to grow crops for food or how to raise domestic animals for food, fur and much more.
We hoped you learned all there is to know on chapter 12
Hi class, my name is Alexia and here are my fellow two peers; Keethana and Harnoor. In this chapter we will explain and cover these key terms:
By: Alexia, Keethana and Harnoor
is a way of life shared by a group of people
Culture is composed of a number of things (ie)
the way people prepare food
the way they raise their children
values they believe in
Culture gives us our identity
People in cultural groups........
use a shared language to communicate with each other
share religious beliefs
educate their children of their way of life
share activities such as holidays or traditions
WHAT IS CULTURE TO YOU?
WHY MIGHT PEOPLE CHOOSE TO MIGRATE?
Changing Times, Changing Migrants
Today there are so many new types of migrants, many being professionals
these high profile people change countries further into their careers
Before 1908 most migrants were male, women used to be short range migrants
This has all changed, now more women move more often, since 2005 women have become half of all migrants
many coming from Asian countries, fining work on farms, domestic work, food services or health care
Over the years concerns have arose for migrant workers as may are mistreated and abused
In 2003 the United Nations passed the International Convention on the Protection rights of migrant workers
this law ensures that migrants have adequate living conditions and are legally protected from
from sexual abuse, and do not work long hours for low wages
Since 2000 the number of migrant workers in the world has increased by 15 million, theses numbers have skyrocketed because little work is available in their home countries
This is seen significantly in developing countries where there are high percentages of people who are under 30
Today over 191million people are living and working in a country that is not their own
WHAT DO YOU THINK MAINSTREAM POPULATION IS?
The major cultural group in a society is called the mainstream population
They live in ethnoburbs
When new comers arrive they bring social and economic changes to their new country
In some cases reactions are favourable
In some cases, not
Using Immigration to Foster Racism
Many people feel threatened by people migrating from different cultures
They fear people who look and act differently from themselves.
This fear is called
, which often leads to racism
Within some countries 'racial purity' is strong.
People in these countries do not want their cultures to change
Some groups misuse religious teachings to encourage racism
For example the Taliban in Afghanistan misuse their religion, they persecute and create
fear among their own citizens in attempt to have their beliefs and values control the region
WHAT IS XENOPHOBIA?
Why Cultures Change
There are many reasons why cultures change.
Sometimes the living conditions of group changes.
For example the Bantu people of Africa moved south and forced the !Kung to move toward the Kalahari desert.
In order to survive the !Kung had to changes there ways of living.
They need to make new tools, new methods of finding food and new skills of survival.
The !Kung had to change their culture to match their new living conditions.
When Cultures Meet
Outside groups did not influence some cultures greatly until more recent times. Japan, the Koreans, China and Mongolia had official polices designed to keep foreigners out.
The great distance between these countries and Europe or the Americans helped them to stay isolated and stay away from the influences of other cultures.
So they can maintain their own culture.
Destruction Of Cultural Groups
Throughout history some cultures have been destroyed
Stronger cultures often overran other cultures and destroyed them
An example of this was with the Europeans and Natives
•Minor Diseases of one group can become deadly killers of another
Native people in Australia and North America
Since the diseases were so new to them they didn’t have a resistance to the diseases
These diseases include small pox, tuberculosis and measles
In 1970 demand to Arctic oils and gas increased
When people went drilling rigs it affected the Inuit culture and forced them to leave
Eventually they began to fit into Modern
• Some cultures are dominant or overpowering; often leave little room for the original culture to survive
• Many people in the less dominant culture turn away from their traditional lives
Instead they try to join the more modern culture
•When people try to join a different culture it is called
but, this is not always successful
People who try to assimilate often face strong resistance from the new culture (eg. Prejudice and belief that one race is superior, also known as
In Australia, Aborigines were treated as second class citizens and given the lowest paying jobs
What would make someone comfortable when coming to a different country?
Coming to Canada
People are comfortable with their identity and a place where that identity is welcomed and gives you a feeling of relief when you return home
Immigrants look for things that they are familiar with
Many northern Europeans settled in Ontario, west of Lake Superior because the physical setting is much like Finland, Sweden or Norway
People also looks for common cultural connections such as language, religion, music and history
Immigrants from West Africa generally move to Montreal because of the colonialism in West Africa was French
Immigrants tend to move to a location of the same cultural clusters or
Why might someone move to a place with a lot of people of the same culture?
Immigrants contribute to our culture and economy
They make Canada more vibrant
Immigrants add to our workforce and domestic market for goods
When we add to our workforce, we add value
The new immigrants spend money in our economy, they pay taxes that help our countries services
(health care, education, new roads etc)
Immigrants also hire people for their their businesses creating more jobs than they take
Immigration Brings Wealth
Canada's economy grow when skilled workers and professionals immigrate
When new immigrants arrive they need all sorts of new products
Meeting these demands and services create new jobs
In addition, some newly arrived immigrants start businesses and hire workers to help them
Studies show that, over long term immigrants increase a nations wealth
The populations of countries that are losing people to migration have a very high percentage of people who are under 20 years old
They chose to migrate because they have very few opportunities where they live
In many developing countries children are a burden for their families
Parents are glad to know that by migrating, their children will have a chance for a better future
However the loss of young people is a huge loss to the local community
When most of the young migrate to bigs or rural communities, the character of the community changes
With there being only a few elderly left behind, the traditions possibly even their language will die with the elders
When Countries Lose Their Young
A cluster of people from the same ethnicity living together