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Greek Mythology vs. Turkish Mythology
Transcript of Greek Mythology vs. Turkish Mythology
A myth 'conveys a truth' to those who tell it and hear it, rather than necessarily recording a true event.
Although some myths can be accounts of actual events, they have become transformed by symbolic meaning or shifted in time or place.
Myths are often used to explain universal and local beginnings and involve supernatural beings. The great power of the meaning of these stories, to the culture in which they developed, is a major reason why they survive as long as they do - sometimes for thousands of years. TURKISH MYTHOLOGY GREEK MYTHOLOGY TURKISH MYTHOLOGY Heroes The gods were created to explain natural phenomena (e.g., the ancient Greeks believed that, when lighting would strike, it was Zeus hurling his thunderbolt). People who followed Greek mythology would perform rituals (e.g., when people would set sail they would leave Poseidon some kind of gift or offering so they would have safe passage). GREEK MYTHOLOGY
According to greek mythology, long before our time, gods ruled the world. There were twelve Olympians...and then there was Hades. These gods and goddesses watched over and controlled various aspects of mortals' lives. They were immortal and each had their own area of expertise. Myths bring divinity into focus, and their subject matter touches upon the nature of human existence. Greek Mythology encompasses the beliefs and ritual observances of the ancient Greeks. It consists mainly of a body of diverse stories and legends, collectively referred to as myths, about a variety of gods, events, and nature. Man created the Greek gods and goddesses in an attempt to explain the world. The importance of Greek mythology is twofold. It acts as a means of present-day entertainment and exploration of an ancient culture but in the distant past, it provided legitimacy and authority to the Greek aristocracy. Greek Mythology Family Tree Cronus Rhea Hades Poseidon Zeus Hera Demeter Hestia Dionysus Apollo Hephaestus Hermes Ares Artemis Athena Twins
The ancient Greek polytheistic belief system was more concentrated on the passive human manifestations of the gods and goddesses, instead of special revelations. There were 12 main gods which were distributed into three different areas of authority: the earth, the sea, and the sky. Since there were female Gods, women in Greece had more rites than other civilizations. The Big Three is a term in Greek Mythology used to describe the Three Brothers or main power holders in the immortal world. The Big Three are Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades, sons of Cronus and Rhea. Zeus: The king of gods and . lord of the sky.
Poseidon: The god of the . sea, and the creator of . . the horses.
Hades: The god of the . . Underworld, and riches . found in the underworld. Anatolian “mythology is a rich mixture from different cultures and histories. There were always many civilizations in Anatolia throughout prehistoric and historic ages.
With migrations, battles and commercial transactions, Anatolia has influenced and been influenced by other civilizations. Most of the 12 major deities came from Anatolian origins. Zeus is the most prominent deity in mythology.
In one tradition, the Turkish people are descendants of "Tura", a grandson of Yima, who was the sole survivor of a catastrophe that depopulated the Earth. Symbols The Wolf symbolizes honour and is also considered the father of most Turkic peoples. Asena (Ashina Tuwu) is the wolf mother of Bumen, the first Khan of the Göktürks. The Horse is also one of the main figures of Turkic mythology. Unlike Europeans, who treat horses as simple transport, Turks consider the horse an extension of the human, one creature. The Ram (male sheep) is a symbol of wealth and elegance. During the Muslim holiday Eid ul-Adha, the ram is very popular among Turkic Muslims as a sacrifice to God. The Dragon, also expressed as a Snake or Lizard, is the symbol of might and power. It is believed, especially in mountainous Central Asia, that dragons still live in the mountains of Tien-Shang and Altay. Dragons also symbolize the god Tengri (Tanrı) in ancient Turkic tradition, although dragons themselves aren't worshipped as gods. Ulgen is a hunting god. He is the father of the gods and godesses of turkey. Karahan is the father of Ulgen. He rides a black and white winged horse to help him to go far away places. Umay Ana is the goddess of children and animals. She has gold wings and she rides a black horse. Kizagan is the son of Ulgen. He is the war god and he loves to take blood! Mergen is also the son of Ulgen. He is not violent like his brother Kizagan Thank you for listening!