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Transcript of Outliers Outline
In Outliers,author, Malcolm Gladwell writes to show the reader that the path to success is not as simple as some may want it to be. We typically like to think of the story of a person succeeding as the typical, "straightforward triumph over victimhood" (Gladwell 284). But first, we must look into the definition of the word, outlier. In the "Introduction" chapter of Outtliers, Gladwell defines an outlier in two ways: 1:something that is situated away from or classed differently from a main or different body 2:a statistical observation that is markedly different invalue from the others of the sample Thus, we could say that an outlier is a person who is extrordinarily better than everyone else, which in the end, allows them to succeed. Yet, Gladwell has a different approach. And in order to get his point across, Gladwell organizes his book into two sections.. Legacy Opportunity & ...which break down into nine chapters plus an epilogue. Opportunity Legacy -"Harlan, Kentucky"
-"The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes"
-"Rice Paddies and Math Tests"
-"A Jamaican Story" -"The Matthew Effect"
-"The 10,000 Hour Rule"
-"The Trouble with Geniuses, Part 1"
-"The Trouble with Geniuses, Part 2"
-"The Three Lessons of Joe Flom" Under each title is a quote from the chapter. ex: SEVEN
The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes "Captain, the weather radar has helped us a lot." At first glance, this quote makes no since, but once the chapter is read, it makes PERFECT since. In the chapter, "The 10,000-Hour Rule", Gladwell looks into a factor of "Opportunity" that is required for success. He examines the lives of Mozart, The Beatles, Bill Gates, etc., in order to find the causation of their success in terms of the "10,000-Hour Rule". The "10,000-Hour Rule" basically states that in order for someone to become an expert in a field, they must spend 10,000 hours perfecting that skill or accessing that knowledge. Obviously, 10,000 hours is a lot of time, and the only way for someone to reach that point is through numerous opportunities that give them access to hours upon hours of perfecting their craft. Thus, without incredible opportunity, no one can reach 10,000 hours, and without 10,000 hours, success is not likely. Gladwell uses this same formula in every chapter to reach his ultimate goal of persuading the reader that the road to success is not as simple as we would like for it to seem.Yet, it is made possible by factors that most of the time, the person has absolutely no control over and by the opportunities one is presented with and the individual's mindset that the his/her surroundings has cultivated. Chinese people are naturally better in math than all other races, or at least that is what conventional wisdom states. But what it leaves out are the many advantages of Chinese culture, such as the lifestyle of rice farmers and their number sytem. Their number sytem that allots them to fit more in the two second span, which is the rate at which humans memorize digits. This gives them a head start in the area of math just for living in China. Secondly, the hard and tedious lifestyles of rice farmers that instill the idea that hard work pays off and the harder one works, the greater success they can achieve. This is the mindset that the Chinese use in their every day lives, and math is no exception. As we all know, math is a subject in which the answer is discovered, and what the Chinese culture states is that if you work hard, you will suceed. Thus, those of the Chinese culture give up at slower rates, which increases their rate of getting the math problem correct, thus making them better in math. But, the interesting thing about this is that, in Outliers, it is as if Gladwell is writing a narrative, expository, and persuasive piece. Let's take another look my descriptions In Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell not only tells true stories about success but he also analyzes and explain the importance of theses stories. All of this, he does to achieve his main goal: to PERSUADE the audience that the road to success is far more complex than many believe. Technically, Outliers is a Persuasive piece, but Gladwell's development is made more evident through his "collaborative" form of writing. He writes this way to make his point more evident to the reader while also supporting everything he says with evidence and commentary. His audience almost has no chance of ever becoming bored, because Gladwell attacks them with three styles of writing; all in one goal of persauding the audience that in the end, outliers aren't really outliers. sseccuS fo yrotS ehT :sreiltuO 1. something that is situated away from or classed differently from a main or related body 2.a statistical observation that is markedly different in value frothe others of the sample And speaking of chapters, here are two, one from each section... "The 10,000 Hour Rule" "Rice Paddies and Math"