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cheyenne cannady

on 2 December 2014

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Therapeutic Services Career
Dental Hygienist
Dental Hygienist
Job Description:
Dental Hygienist
Tasks Performed:
Diagnostics Services Career
Education Requirements:
Job Description:
Tasks Performed:
Educational Requirements:
Two to four years of college program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association
Certification/Licensing Requirements:
Must be licensed by the state in which they practice
To qualify for licensure, must graduate from an accredited dental hygiene school
Must pass both a written and a clinical examination
Provide oral hygiene care ad dental health education to client
Growth is expected to be faster than average due to an increasing demand for preventative dental care & greater use of hygienist for services performed by dentist
Branch of Healthcare:
Employment Outlook:
Projected to grow 33% from 2012-2022
Salary- $70,210 yearly
$33.75 per hour
Need an associate's degree in dental hygiene
Dental Hygienist
chart conditions and review the client's health and dental history
expose and process dental radiographs
instruct clients in oral hygiene techniques
provide nutritional counseling in relation to dental health
remove calculus and plaque
apply preventive material
Branch of Healthcare:
Two to four year of college-level pre-dental education
Plus four years of dental school is required to become a general dentist
Additional two to four years of postgraduate education is needed to enter a specialized area of dentistry
Certification/Licensing Requirements:
Must graduate from a dental school accredited by the American Dental Association's Commission on Dental Accreditation
Pass a written ad practical examination given by a state or regional testing agency
Good choice if you have scientific ability and interest, and enjoy helping people
Career in which you can be your own boss
Employment Outlook:
Projected to grow 16% from 2012-2022
Salary- $149,310 yearly
$71.79 per hour
Diagnose and treat problems with a patient's teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth
Faster than average
Demand is expected to grow as the population does
diagnose and treat disease of the teeth
restore teeth damaged by decay or trauma
replace missing teeth with artificial material
straighten teeth and perform cosmetic procedures
to improve a client's appearance
perform corrective surgery on the jaws and supporting tissues
perform oral hygiene procedures and give
instructions to clients
Specialty Areas of Dental Practice:
Dental public health- dental disease prevention, dental health education, and dental treatment programs

Endodontics- treatment of diseases of the pulp and
periapical tissues
Oral and maxillofacial pathology- research, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral structures

Oral and maxillofacial radiology- interpretation of radiographic images for diagnosis of conditions of the head and neck

Oral and maxillofacial surgery- surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the oral ad
maxillofacial region

Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics- correction of tooth alignment and

Pediatric dentistry- comprehensive dental care of infants and children through adolescence, including patients with special needs

Periodontics- prevention and treatment of
periodontal diseases

Prosthodontics- replacement of missing teeth and oral structures
Specialty Areas of Dental Practice (cont'd):
Dental Treatment Area:
Dental offices have a number of rooms in which treatment is provided
Each room is equipped with a dental chair, a dental assistant's chair, an operator's chair, a dental operating light, fixed and mobile cabinets, a sink, and an X-ray unit.
Dental Treatment Area (cont'd):
Dental chair is a contour that supports the patient's head, neck,and back
Dental Units
-on-off switch, rheostat, air-water syringe, suction tubing for oral evacutor, suction tubing for salvia ejector
Operating light used to illuminate the oral cavity, light is on a movable arm
Operator's and assitant's chairs are designed to provide support and comfort during long procedures, both are adjustable
Dental Instruments
Hand Instruments:
Most are made of stainless steel
Has three parts-
-handle or shaft: held by operator
-blade or nib: working end, may have a cutting edge or blunt
-shank: connects the handle to the working end, often angled
Common Hand Instruments:
-mouth mirror
-cotton pliers
-periodontal probe
-saliva ejector tip
-oral evacuator tip
-aspirating anesthetic syringe
Other Instruments:
-scaler: remove
supragingival calculus
and cement
-plastic instruments: place moldable materials and cement in cavity prep.
-cement spatula: mix dental cements on a glass stab
-alginate spatula: mix alginate impression material
-impression paste spatula: mix elastomeric impression material
-impression material syringe: carry elastomeric impression materials to the mouth ad eject the material onto the tooth
the first set of teeth, the primary or
deciduous dentition
when both primary and permanent teeth are present, its known as the
mixed dentition period
periapical tissues
: tissues surrounding the apex of the root of the tooth
maxillofacial region
: referring to the maxilla and face
: abnormal relationship of the teeth when biting
periodontal diseases
: diseases of supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth
Works Cited
Full transcript