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The American health care system

A presentation by Sophia Heidt and Tuyet My Ho, ITM3
by

Tuyet My

on 14 December 2014

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Transcript of The American health care system

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The American health care system
a presentation by Sophia Heidt & Tuyet My Ho
12/15/2014 ITM3,WS 14/15, Mrs Huth
AGENDA
Defintion
History of American 'health insurance'
Current system MEDICARE and MEDICAID
Obama's reform
Pros & Cons: Reform
International comparison
Conclusion
Discussion


"The service that is responsible for looking after the health of all the people in a country or an area." (Longman dictionary)

"The organized provision of medical care to individuals or a community." (Oxford dictionary)

History
TRICARE

Children's Health Insurance Program

Veterans Health Administration
Definition Health Care
Universal healthcare
Support for people on low-income
Cost
$1.36

trillion!
Kaiser Family Foundation,
Health insurance coverage of the total population, 2011
U.S. breakdown of health insurance coverage
= 50,000,000 Americans!

Why?
Covers around

13%

of U.S citizens
Free for people

65+

or

disabled

Independant from personal income


Funded by the state
Suppose help

the poorest

due to guidelines
(
F
ederal

P
overty
G
uidelines
)
Covers around
15%

of U.S citizens

Every state can implement own guidelines




Arkansas
$3820
per year
already too rich for MEDICAID
"Obamacare substitutes government intrusiveness for the dynamics of individual responsibility."

Pros
&
Cons
Support of individuals (especially the ones on low income)

Misuse of medical treatments
+
+
+
_
_
_
_
International comparison
Germany
Ranked
27th
out of
34
OECD countries
+
+
Obamacare Opposition
+
Highest prevalence of
infant mortality
within 17 high income countries
(National Institutes of Health)
Ranked
last
in
quality of health care
among similar countries but

costs the most
(The Commonwealth Fund)

Rank
46th
out of
48
in health care system effciency
(Bloomberg 2013)
78.4 years
81 years
Conclusion
President Johnson proposed a health reform ....
...and succeeded - with MEDICARE and MEDICAID
+
1/7 of U.S. population without health insurance : 50 Mio
+
+
"My life has completely changed ... I can breathe deeply without coughing. I can walk to work without taking a break. [...] Only a few weeks ago, I felt like the best years of my life were long behind me. Today, I feel like I haven't begun to live."


+



Discussion

Considering the pros and cons do you think that universal health care should be obligatory in the US or should it rather stay an individual choice?



Can you imagine why food companies deny Obama´s health care reform?





+
Same right for everyone to get medical treatment Equality

first real plans around civil war (1861-1865)
served as an 'accident' insurance in case of injuries during train or steamboat trip
development in technology and human skills until 1929
idea to gain money with health services and insurances
hospitals formed up insurance plan called
Blue Cross
Around WW2: scarcity of employees
wartime emergency plans introduced wage controls
offering benefits in form of comprehensive health care
1945:
President Truman proposes national health care program but didn't pass congress
1965:
Current health care system
costs around
$8,500
per year
health services often offered by private companies
only non profit hospitals and doctors offering health services
costs around
$ 4,500
per year
Public and private health insurance
uniform and transparent price policy
compulsory insurance
no additional costs for necessary services
+
+
+
+
price of services highly differ from state to state
not funded by government
no compulsory insurance

if buying one has to pay at least 3 parts
still high out-of-pocket payments
Part A, B, C, D
+
+
+
+
+
+
funded by government with 77%
+
Obamacare

No issue about insurance coverage
Spread of illnesses is prevented
Longer hold up lines
More regulations
Increase of taxes
Ranking
+
+
+
7.2 million children uninsured
+
Thank you for your attention!
+
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