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on 28 July 2014

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Transcript of Bordeaux

Romans called it...
Eleanor d'Aquitaine
“Police des vines”
Hundred Years War Between France and England
Vignoble de Bordeaux
is introduced to protect the appellation
Chateau Haut Brion is mentioned
“Wine of Hobriono
The Reputation of the "Chateaux" are established
1787 Thomas Jefferson visits Bordeaux
The Dutch drain the marshy Medoc
1855 Classification
1865-75 Phylloxera
1936 INAO 1939-45 War
1970s Economy
1982 Parkerization
Strong commercial links
with England, the golden
age of "Claret"
17th Century
Holland, Hanse and Brittany are the main markets for Bordeaux wines
Bordeaux Today
Almost 118 900 hectares - Largest French Region
1.5% of the world's vineyards
5 M hectoliters of quality wine
10,000 wine estates
10 miles
20 miles
Bordeaux is more than just a famous wine growing area. It is a symbol for great wine in general; a model for the whole world of wine.
Viticulture is documented by the Roman poet Ausonius, who settled in now St. Emilion
Courtiers are formed to help with export and trade
45 miles
Château Lafite Rothschild Pauillac
Château Latour Pauillac
Château Margaux Margaux
Château Haut-Brion Pessac, Graves (since 1986, Pessac-Leognan)

Château Mouton-Rothschild (became a first-growth in 1973) Pauillac
Château Rausan-Segla (Rauzan-Segla) Margaux
Château Rauzan-Gassies Margaux
Château Léoville Las Cases St.-Julien
Château Léoville Poyferré St.-Julien
Château Léoville Barton St.-Julien
Château Durfort-Vivens Margaux
Château Gruaud-Larose St.-Julien
Château Lascombes Margaux
Château Brane-Cantenac Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château Pichon-Longueville-Baron Pauillac
Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande (Pichon-Longueville-Lalande) Pauillac
Château Ducru-Beaucaillou St.-Julien
Château Cos-d'Estournel St.-Estèphe
Château Montrose St.-Estèphe
Château Pontet-Canet Pauillac
Château Batailley Pauillac
Château Haut-Batailley Pauillac
Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste Pauillac
Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse Pauillac
Château Lynch-Bages Pauillac
Château Lynch-Moussas Pauillac
Château Dauzac Labarde (Margaux)
Château Mouton-Baronne-Philippe (Château d'Armailhac after 1989) Pauillac
Château du Tertre Arsac (Margaux)
Château Haut-Bages-Libéral Pauillac
Château Pédesclaux Pauillac
Château Belgrave St.-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)
Château Camensac (Château de Camensac) St.-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)
Château Cos-Labory St.-Estèphe
Château Clerc-Milon Pauillac
Château Croizet-Bages Pauillac
Château Cantemerle Macau (Haut-Médoc)
Château Kirwan Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château d'Issan Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château Lagrange St.-Julien
Château Langoa Barton St.-Julien
Château Giscours Labarde-Margaux (Margaux)
Château Malescot-St.-Exupéry Margaux
Château Cantenac-Brown Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château Boyd-Cantenac Margaux
Château Palmer Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château La Lagune Ludon (Haut-Médoc)
Château Desmirail Margaux
Château Calon-Ségur St.-Estephe
Château Ferrière Margaux
Château Marquis-d'Alesme-Becker Margaux
Château St.-Pierre St.-Julien
Château Talbot St.-Julien
Château Branaire-Ducru St.-Julien
Château Duhart-Milon Rothschild Pauillac
Château Pouget Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château La Tour Carnet St.-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)
Château Lafon-Rochet St.-Estèphe
Château Beychevelle St.-Julien
Château Prieuré-Lichine Cantenac-Margaux (Margaux)
Château Marquis de Terme Margaux
The Official 1855 Classification

(Modern names are in parentheses)
Cabernet Sauvignon
First-Growths - Premiers Crus
Second-Growths - Deuxiemes Crus
Third-Growths -Troisiemes Crus
Fourth-Growths - Quatriemes Crus
Fifth-Growths -Cinquiemes Crus
Cabernet Franc
Petite Verdot
Sauvignon Blanc
Accessory Varieties: Max. 30%
Ugni Blanc, Merlot Blanc,
and Colombard
Sauvignon Gris
Color: Red (Black/Blue-Skinned)
Grape Parentage: unconfirmed (Cabernet Franc has been genetically linked to both Hondarribi Beltza and Morenoa, but parentage is not yet certain)

Color: Red (Blue-Skinned)
Grape Parentage:
Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon Blanc
Color: Red (Black/Blue-Skinned)
Grape Parentage: Cabernet Franc x Magdeleine Noire des Charentes
France: Blanc Fumé (Pouilly-Fumé), Punechon (France), Surin (France),
Sauvignon Jaune (France), Gentin à Romorantin (France)
California: Fumé Blanc, Savagnin Musqué
Italy: Sauvignon
Austria: Muskat-Silvaner
Germany: Feigentraube
2011 Production: 5.5 million hl
2010 Production: 5.7 million hl
2009 Production: 5.74 million hl
2008 Production: 4.8 million hl
Total Average Acreage in Production: 117,500 ha
(Production data sourced from Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux)
Chateau Lagarde Pessac Leognan Blanc 2011

2009 Chateau La Bridane, Saint Julien

2006 Chateau Haut Batailley Pauillac Fifth Growth

2009 Domaine De Maucaillou Margaux
Rive Gauche
Rive Droite
2009 Chateau Magdelaine St. Emilion
Premier Cru Classe B

2006 La Fugue de Nenin Pomerol

70 miles
Color: White
Grape Parentage:
Traminer x unconfirmed

Place of Origin: Loire Valley
Origin of Grape Name: "wild" white grape
Major Countries of Production:

France: 28,964 (2011, France Agrimer)
Gironde département: 5,516 ha
Hérault département: 4,236 ha
Loir et Cher département: 3,052 ha
Cher département: 3,029 ha
New Zealand: 16,758 hectares total (2011, New Zealand Winegrowers)
Italy: Tre Venezie
Chile: 12,159 hectares (2011, Wines of Chile)
South Africa: 9,550 hectares (2010, SAWIS)

United States:
California total: 15,407 acres (2010, USDA/CA Dept. of Agriculture)

Australia: 7114 hectares (2010, Wine Australia)
Spain: 2,515 hectares (2007, Observatorio español del Mercado del Vino/OeMV)
Synonyms: Petit-Cabernet, Vidure, Petite Vidure (Graves); Petit Bouchet (Right Bank); Bouchet (Gironde); Sauvignon Rouge (Central France)v
Major Countries of Production:
France: 53,056 hectares (2011, FranceAgrimer)
Gironde département: 25,634 ha
Chile: 40,728 hectares (2011, Wines of Chile)
California total: 77,602 acres (2010, USDA/CA Dept. of Agriculture)
Washington State: 5,959 acres (2010 acreage, Washington Wine Commission)
Australia: 26,399 hectares (2010, Wine Australia)
Spain: 19,430 hectares (2007, Observatorio español del Mercado del Vino/OeMV)

Argentina: 17,918 hectares (2007, Wines of Argentina)
Italy: 15,893 ha (2010, Il Corriere Vinicolo)
South Africa: 12,325 hectares (2010, SAWIS)
Place of Origin: Médoc
Origin of Grape Name: "Sauvignon" is likely derived from the French sauvage, or "wild", and some suggest that "Cabernet" may be derived from either the Latin caput ("head") or carbone ("coal")
Place of Origin: Bordeaux
Origin of Grape Name: "Merlot" is derived from the French merle, or "blackbird"

France: Merlau
Historical French Synonyms: Crabutet, Bigney, Vitraille, Sémillon Rouge, Sème de la Canau, Plant Médoc, Sème dou Flube
Hungary: Médoc Noir
Major Countries of Production:
France: 113,848 hectares (2011, FranceAgrimer)
Gironde département: 69,407 ha

Italy: 24,141 ha (2010, Il Corriere Vinicolo)
United States:

Washington State: 5,853 acres (2010, Washington Wine Commission)
Spain: 13,325 hectares (2007, Observatorio español del Mercado del Vino/OeMV)
Australia: 10,073 hectares (2010, WIne Australia)
Chile: 10,041 hectares (2011, Wines of Chile)

Note: in 1994, French ampelographers correctly identifed many Chilean "Merlot" vines as Carmenère
Place of Origin: Western Pyrenées in Southwest France/Northern Spain
Origin of Grape Name: Some suggest that "Cabernet" may be derived from either the Latin caput ("head") or carbone ("coal")

Major Countries of Production:
France: 35,673 hectares total (2011, FranceAgrimer)
Gironde département: 11,503 ha
Maine et Loire département: 8,830 ha
Indre et Loire département: 5,338 ha
Aude département: 2,208 ha
Dordogne département: 1,310 ha
Italy: 7,085 ha (2000, Wine Grapes)
USA (California): 3,538 acres total (2009, USDA/CA Dept. of Agriculture)

France: Bouchet, Gros Bouchet, and Grosse-Vidure (St. Émilion and Pomerol); Carmenet (Médoc), Breton (Loire Valley), Véron, Bouchy, Noir-Dur, Méssange Rouge, Trouchet Noir
Italy: Bordo (Veneto), Cabernet Frank
Spain: Archéria (Basque Country)
Fernando Beteta, MS
4th century.
13th & 14th Century
Full transcript