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Muscular System

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by

Dalia Saleh

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Muscular System

Muscular System
Objectives
Types of muscles
Comparison between the muscle types
Function of the skeletal muscles
Connective tissue covering
Construction of the skeletal muscle
Naming of the skeletal muscles
Classification of the skeletal muscle

It is the diminutive of Greek word MUS which means a mouse.
The body and head of the mouse represents the belly.
The tail represents the tendon.

ORIGIN OF THE WORD “MUSCLE”
TYPES OF MUSCLES
Comparison
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL MUSCLES
Movement
Maintain posture
Produce energy
Keeps the blood and lymph moving inside CVS
Protects internal organs
Stabilizes the joints

Connective Tissue Covering
General Construction of a Skeletal Muscle
Types of muscle attachment
NAMING OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
CLASSIFICATION OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
Arrangement of the muscle fibers
Parallel
Oblique
Pennate (feather like)
Action of the muscle
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergists
Fixators

ARRANGEMENT OF MUSCLE FIBERS
Action of muscles
Agonist (Prime mover)
Muscle that is directly involved in causing an action
Antagonist
Opposes the movement of the agonist
Synergists
Group of muscles work together and help agonists
Fixators

Fix proximal joints during movements of distal joints
Full transcript