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Transcript of Idi Amin
Who was Idi Amin
Idi Amin was the military dictator and president of Uganda from 1971-1979. He was also known as "Dada".In 1961 Amin became one of the first two black commissioned officers when he was promoted to lieutenant.
Coming to Power
To obtain his leadership, Amin took power through a military coup in 1971. He was the new military dictator as the previous president, Milton Obote, was forced to step down. A week later, Amin declared himself the new president of Uganada.
Idi Amin used vision to gain the support of thr Ugandan people. He promised to free all political prisoners, get rid of Obote's secret police, bring in economic reforms, and return civillian rule to the country. These visions promised hope for change in Uganda.
Amin executed anyone who could be a threat to his reign. He also executed relgious leaders, journalists, senior bureaucrats, judges, lawyers, students, criminal suspects and foreign nationals. In total about 500,000 people were killed.
Just like many dictatorships, propaganda was used for Amin to maintin power in Uganda. He made many propaganda films and his charisma and kindness made the citizens of Uganda believe he was a people's man.
Very similar to Adolf Hitler of Germany, Idi Amin used his inspirational speeches to rally people together. These rallies united citizens, making them feel as if they belong in their country. He also had citizens willingly participate as spys.
Effects on Uganda
Amin's rule had very negative effects on the citizens of Uganda. After expelling the large Asian population from Uganda, the economy collapsed. Terrorists were also welcomed and supported and
Liberal Principles Rejected
Collapse of the Economy
Three principles of liberalism rejected under Idi Amin's rule were individual rights and freedoms, economic freedom and self interest.
Whem the Asian population was expelled from the country, the manufacturing, agriculture and commerce in Uganda all came to a stop with no resources to sustain them. Citizens gradually lost faith in Amin and in 1979 he was forced to flee the Country.
Individual Rights and Freedoms
The rights and freedoms of many individuals were restricted. Amin's death squads killed many innocent people. In doing so, they infringed on the right to live for many individuals.
Liberal Principles Rejected
Amin caused Uganda to have severe economic troubles. By doing so, he limited the amount that citizens could act in their own economic interest. The economic situation in Uganda restricted this freedom from the people.
Amin put the needs of himself above the needs of the people, and expected them to do the same. Inividuals could not do what was best for them, but instead had to do what was best for Amin. The laws he created were made so he could sustain his power.
If I was a Ugandan, I would not support Idi Amin's actions. I do not believe in killing others in order to secure your own power. If you cannot stay in power by peacful, political means, then you do not deserve to be in power. I would not support him.
Did his Actions Represent People's Will?
No. The actions from Amin did not represent the will of the people. Although the promises he initially made did represent the will of the people, the actions he ended up taking did not. In the end, most of his actions were to benifit himself.
While Uganda was in an economic crisis, Amin did not take much action to resolve it, as he was living quite comfortably with his lavish homes and big spending.
Did he Act in the Common Good?
Once again, the answer to this question is no. Idi Amin only took actions to secure his own power. Amin's own wealth was more important than human life, which js reflected in the 500,000 murders committed to secure his own power.