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Islam and Byzantine Civilizations
Transcript of Islam and Byzantine Civilizations
Compare and Contrast Project by Logan Faircloth and Payton Bullock
Both the Byzantine and Islamic civilizations had divisions within their empires, military advantages, and religions that played large parts in both empires. However, both Empires were formed differently, with the Islamic civilization governed by caliphs and ability to fix more problems faster and more efficiently while the Byzantine Empire had more internal problems.
Both the Islamic and Byzantium Empire had divisions within the empire. The division in the Byzantine Empire was political. There were two groups, known as the Blues and Greens. The division in the Islamic Empire was religious and political, that happened in 661. There were also two groups, the Sunni and the Shia. The Sunni thought anyone could be the Caliph while the Shia believed the Caliph should be blood related from Mohammed.
Similarity One: Divisions
The Islam and Byzantine empires had religions that played major roles in their civilizations. The main religion of the Byzantine empire was Christianity, and the Islamic civilization, Islam.
Similarity Two: Religion
The two empires both had military advantages that helped protect their empire and helped them conquer others. The Islamic Empire had the advantage of growing up on horseback, which gave them the agility and power of attacking. The advantages of the Byzantine Empire was the age of the Empire and intelligence of citizens. The Byzantine army used 'Greek Fire', a substance created by a Byzantine alchemist, against the Islam army, which resulted in the Islam army retreating.
Similarity Three: Military Advantages
Difference One: Governance
The Islamic and Byzantine civilizations were governed by different groups people. The Islamic government was governed by 'caliphs', which translates to deputy. The first caliph was Abu Bakr. He led the Islamic Armies to conquer Cyprus, Carthage, and Egypt in 639 A.C. Previous generals were usually those who had ruled in the Byzantine Empire. Justinian, for example, came to power in 527 and had a code of laws to organize the civilization.
Difference Two: Dealing with Internal Problems
While the Islamic civilization grew, the Byzantine Empire's growth was stunted from internal problems. The Byzantine Empire constantly fought Persia and the Middle East between 602 and 628. The Blues and Greens, (the two groups that divided the empire politically) fought within the empire and then against the government. The Islamic civilization was united by the new religion and was able to conquer North Africa and into Europe.
Difference Three: Formation
The Byzantine and Islamic empires were both formed differently. The Byzantine Empire arose out of the separation of Rome. The Byzantine Empire was once known as Constantinople, named after Constantine, and was also the eastern half of Rome. The Islamic Empire was formed by the nomadic tribesmen, after hearing the revelations of Mohammed.
The divisions of the Islamic and Byzantine Empire are similar to the U.S. and how they all have separate sections of land that are governed under the laws and rules of their own. The U.S. is divided into states and the Islamic and Byzantine Empires were split into separate states as well.
These two civilizations both valued monotheistic religions. The Islamic empire had Islam and the Byzantine, Christianity.