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Copy of Pablo Picasso

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Michaela Collins

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Pablo Picasso

Unit 2: Pablo Picasso
WHO:

Pablo Picasso
WHAT:
Modern Art Painter and Co-founder of The Cubist Movement
WHERE:
Born in Spain, settled down in France traveled throughout Europe
WHEN:
25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973.
His Career began in the Early 20th Century and lasted until the 1970s.
WHY:
Picasso was considered an "Artistic Genius" inventing new ways to express two-dimensional forms.

HOW:
He was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright

Early Life
Born in the city of Málaga, Spain, he was the first child of Don José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López.




Picasso's family was middle-class. His father was a painter, art professor and a curator of a local museum.

Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing at an early age.
According to Picasso's mother His first words were "piz, piz", a shortening of lápiz, the Spanish word for "pencil"
Early Life
Early Life
Early Career
Early Career
Blue Period
Picasso's
Blue Period
was influenced by a trip through Spain. These were
times of severe poverty and desperation.

Picasso depicted the poor, prostitutes, outcasts, beggars, and musicians in his work.

Picasso was also going through severe depression himself after the suicide of his friend; Carlos Casagemas.
The Blue Period's somber paintings were rendered in shades of blue and blue-green.
Using a
monochomatic
palette. -
mon·o·chro·mat·ic (adj) containing or using only one color


1901-1904
Woman with Folded Arms 1901-1902, by Picasso
La Vie 1903, Picasso
Blue Period
1901 - 1904
Picasso's Blue Period lasted 3 years.
Picasso was very poor, his poverty made him identify and relate to beggars, prostitutes and other outcasts in society.
The Blue Period is identified by the flat expanses of
blues, greys and blacks
, melancholy figures lost in contemplation, and a deep and significant tragedy. The Blue Period also sparked Picasso's shift towards
Modern Art (noun)- Art that was produced in the late 1860s-1970s that rejected traditional techniques and styles. It emphasized individual experimentation as well as art that expressed social and economic change.
The Rose Period
1904 to 1906
Picasso met
Fernande Olivier
,
a bohemian artist and model who became his mistress, in Paris in 1904.
They met a Le Bateau-Lavoir, a meeting place for early 20th Century Artists. Olivier appears in many of his Rose Period paintings, many of which are influenced by his
warm relationship with her
, in addition to his increased exposure to French painting.
1904 - 1906
African Period
During this period Picasso painted in a style which was strongly influenced by African sculpture and art . This was called the "Negro" Period, Negro being the spanish word for "black".
The
“Scramble for Africa” (1876-1912) was the annexation and division of the continent of Africa among seven nations of Europe. France was one of the seven nations.
Expeditions and the travels of the French elite in search of riches and adventure also
helped bring African Art to Paris.



African Period

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as
Pablo Picasso
(25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), Born in Málaga Spain, He was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for sparking
Modern Art
and co-founding the
Cubist Movement
. His work was most inspired by various people he came across in every-day life as well as his travels throughout Europe, African Art, and the Spanish Civil War.
From the age of seven, Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting.


In 1895, Picasso was traumatized when his seven-year-old sister, Conchita, died of diphtheria.
After her death, the family moved to Barcelona, where Ruiz took a position at its School of Fine Arts.
Picasso thrived in the city, regarding it in times of sadness or nostalgia as
his true home
. Ruiz persuaded the officials at the academy to allow his son to take an
entrance exam
for the advanced class. This process often
took students a month, but Picasso completed it in a week, and the jury admitted him, at just 13.
Picasso's father and uncle decided to send the young artist to
Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando
, the country's foremost art school.
At age 16
, Picasso set off for the first time on his own, but he disliked formal instruction and
stopped attending classes soon after enrollment.
Madrid held many other attractions. The Prado housed paintings by Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, and Francisco Zurbarán.
Picasso especially admired the works of El Greco; which are echoed in Picasso's later work.
1895-1900
St. Francis Kneeling in Meditation,
El Greco, 1600 oil on canvas
Early Career
1900
Picasso made his first trip to Paris in 1900, at that time "the art capital of Europe".
There, he met his first Parisian friend, journalist and poet Max Jacob, who helped Picasso learn the language and its literature. Soon they shared an apartment; Max slept at night while Picasso slept during the day and worked at night. These were times of severe poverty, cold, and desperation. Much of his work was burned to keep the small room warm.
During the first five months of 1901, Picasso lived in Madrid, where he and his friend
Francisco de Asís

Soler founded the magazine "Arte Joven" (Young Art)
, which published five issues. Soler solicited articles and Picasso illustrated the journal, mostly contributing grim cartoons depicting and sympathizing with the state of the poor.
The first issue was published on 31 March 1901,
by which time the artist had started to sign his work Picasso; before he had signed Pablo Ruiz y Picasso
1901
The Old Guitarist,
Picasso 1903-04, oil on panel
Portrait of Fernande Olivier, Picasso, 1906
The Rose Period
The Rose Period is named after Picasso's heavy use of pink tones in his works from this period, from the French word for pink, which is "
rose
.
" This Period is characterized by a more cheery style with orange and pink colors, and featuring many circus people, acrobats and harlequins (comic servant) known in France as "saltimbanques".
The harlequin, a comedic character usually depicted in checkered patterned clothing, became a personal symbol for Picasso. Picasso frequently attended the Cirque Médrano in Montmartre.
Family of Saltimbanques 1905, Picasso oil on canvas
Acrobat's Family with a Monkey, 1905, Picasso watercolor and pastel
Picasso's Success in France
1905
By 1905, Picasso became a favorite of American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein.
Picasso painted portraits of the Stein family and Gertrude Stein became Picasso's principal
patron (pa·tron) noun- a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, or cause.
Stein acquired his drawings and paintings; exhibiting them in her informal
"Salon"
at her home in Paris.
Salon (sa·lon) noun
- A periodic gathering of persons noted in literature, philosophy, the fine arts, or similar areas, held at one person's home.
The gatherings in the Stein home brought together individuals that would help define modernism in literature and art. Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis, and Henri Matisse.
At one of her gatherings in 1905, he met Henri Matisse, who was to become a lifelong friend and rival.
Portrait of Gertrude Stein, Picasso 1906
1906-1909
1906-1909
Many homes, shops and museums displayed these newly found treasures. At The World’s Fair the public was able to see for the first time “exotic” finds from Africa. Pablo Picasso had the oportunity to view this exhibit at the Trocadero Museum in Paris and it would have a profound effect on him and would prove to be pivotal to his art.
His interest was sparked by Henri Matisse who showed him an African Mask.
Head of a Man, Picasso, 1907
19th-century African "Fang" sculpture
African Period
1906-1909
Picasso's discovery of African art influenced the style of one of his most famous painting's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" , 1907 which translates to-"The Young Ladies of Avignon."
The women appear shown with African mask-like faces, and the style of perspective is a flat, two-dimensional picture plane.
The work is widely considered to be early development of both cubism and modern art.
Demoiselles was revolutionary and controversial, and led to wide anger and disagreement, even amongst his closest associates and friends. Picasso was looking for a way to surpass Henri Matisse as Paris'
"avant garde"
artist
(a·vant-garde) noun-new and unusual or experimental ideas.

Ironically it was Matisse who introduced Picasso to African Art.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Picasso 1907, oil on canvas
Cubism
Cubism (cub·ism) noun- The early-20th-century avant-garde art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form from multiple viewpoints.

The movement was called "Cubsim" for the artist's use of geometric shapes and forms to create "cube-like" compositions.
A
primary influence that led to Cubism was
the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of
Paul Cézanne
, which were displayed in a retrospective at the 1907 Salon d'Automne.
1910-1920
Mountain St. Victoire,
Cezanne, 1902
Cubism
1910-1920
La guitare, Braque 1909
Girl with a Mandolin, Picasso, 1910
Cubist Sculpture
Picasso not only mastered the art of painting but took cubism to a whole new dimension with his sculptures. In the early 20th century, during his period of cubist innovation,
Pablo Picasso revolutionized the art of
sculpture (sculp·ture) noun- A three-dimensional work of art, created by using a variety of media.
when he began creating his "constructions" fashioned by combining different objects and materials into one constructed piece of sculpture.
Head of a Woman, Picasso,
1909, Bronze
“Guitar” Picasso, 1912
cardboard, paper, wire, glue, and string
Fame and Fortune
-After acquiring some fame and fortune, Picasso left Olivier and had many other mistress' throughout the course of his career.
- Towards the end of World War I, Picasso made a number of important relationships with figures associated with
Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes- A ballet company based in Paris that performed between 1909 and 1929. In 1918 Picasso was designing a ballet, "Parade"
, in Rome where
he met ballerina Olga Khokhlova who he would eventually marry.
Fame and Fortune
-Khokhlova introduced Picasso to high society, formal dinner parties, and all the social niceties attendant to the life of the rich in 1920s Paris.
-The two had a son, Paulo, but Khokhlova's insistence on social propriety clashed with Picasso's bohemian tendencies and the two lived in a state of constant conflict.
Picasso and Khokhlova
at "Parade"
in Rome
-In 1935 Khokholva learned of Picasso's secret love affair with
Marie-Thérèse Walter
, who at the time became pregnant with Picasso's second child.
-Picasso's marriage to Khokhlova soon ended in separation rather than divorce, as French law required an even division of property in the case of divorce, and Picasso did not want Khokhlova to have half his wealth.
-
The two remained legally married until Khokhlova's death in 1955.
Picasso's Portraits
Portrait (por·trait) noun -
An image of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders.

-Portraits can be composed through any form of art medium; from drawings, to photgraphs, paintings, and sculpture.
-Picasso was fascinated with capturing the female figure, serving as the main subject matter for his life's work. When he met Marie-Thérèse Walter in 1927, she was 17, Picasso was 45 and still legally married. Walter instantly became his new model and mistress
Picasso's Portraits
Picasso incorporated his cubist style into his portraits by taking apart facial features and "analyzing"them in terms of their shapes.

Analyze (an·a·lyze)
verb-To examine in great detail the structure of something, for purposes of explanation and interpretation.
-The shapes used in his portraits of Walter are more soft and organic compared to his geometric angular cubist style
-Exaggerating these features to made the subject matter appear unusual and unrealistic.
-He also began using bright saturated colors
Picasso's Portraits
St. Francis Kneeling in Meditation,
El Greco, 1600 oil on canvas
Olga in armchair,
1917, Picasso
Set design for "Parade" Ballet
Marie-Thérèse Walter in Le Rêve (The Dream), 1932
Marie-Therese Walter,
1937 Picasso
Woman Seated at a Window,
1932
Picasso

Sold for $44.9 milion dollars at an Auction in Feb. 2013
Maya with Doll, 1938 Picasso
Picasso met Marie-Thérèse Walter in 1927, she was 17, Picasso was 45. She instantly became his new model and mistress. Their

daughter "Maya" was born on September 5th, 1935. Picasso never married Walter, but always supported her and his daughter financially and continued to use them as models for his work.
The Evolution of Picasso's Portraits
1896
1901
1906
1907
1909
1927
Roll-a-Picasso
Rules:
-Each table recieves one dice.
-4 Rolls total, each person will roll once.
-For each roll, draw the designated facial feature that matches the number on the dice.
-After the 4th Roll you will have created a Picasso inspired Portrait.
-Lastly, add your own style using color and incorporating other elements of art into your portrait.

Picasso created a painting in response to the bombing of
Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, It was bombed by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces on

26 April 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.

Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians.
This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war,
an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace.
Upon completion, Guernica was displayed around the world in a brief tour, becoming famous and widely acclaimed.
This tour helped bring the Spanish Civil War to the world's attention.
The Bombing of Guernica
Guernica
,Pablo Picasso 1937, Oil on canvas
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