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Checks and Balances

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Jasmine Trejo

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances
Separation of Powers

Legislative Branch
The power given to congress to make laws.
"All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and a House of representatives."
Executive Branch
The Executive Branch is in charge of executing, and enforcing the laws.
"All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and a House of representatives."
Judicial Branch
The job of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the law, determine the meaning, and to settle disputes within society.
"The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish."
Legislative Branch
Congress votes on all bills.
After both the house and senate approve the its sent to the President.
If the President vetoes the bill, Congress has a check on the President.
Then Congress can vote on the bill again, must get 2/3 voted "Yes" on the bill in order to be made a law.
Another check congress has on the President and the Judicial Branch is "Impeachment".
Impeachment means that congress can remove from the office.
As for the Judicial Branch, can impeach federal judges as well.
Congress can also reject nominees to the supreme court.
Executive Branch
If the President agrees with the bill, he signs it and the bill becomes a law.
If the President does not agree with the bill, he can veto it; the bill won't become a law. Thus meaning the President has a check over the Legislature.
The President has power over the supreme court, because the President can pardon convicted criminals.

Judicial Branch
The supreme Court has power over congress because the supreme court can declare laws to be unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court has power over the President because the Supreme Court can declare the Presidents action to be unconstitutional.
What is Separation of Powers?
Separation of Powers is the basic principle of the American Government.
Legislative, Judicial, and Executive powers are divided among independent and coequal branches of the Government.
It's the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government.
What is Checks and Balances?
By creating the three branches of the Government, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial the delegates built this system into the Constitution.
Checks and balances was built so that none of the branches of the government would become too powerful or over power a different branch.
Also limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its purview.

Article I (Congress)
Article II ( Presidential Powers)
Article III (Courts)
Full transcript