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Salvatore Babones

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of 1002-05-2

Deviance and Criminality
Relative deprivation
Deviant identity
Looking suspicious > stop and search > first arrest > police record > assumption of guilt > difficult to find job > more stop and search > more arrests > reinforcement of deviant identity > social exclusion > embrace of deviant subcultures > deviant career > criminality and incarceration
Minority status, deviance, and criminality all go hand-in-hand
Muslims make up 12% of the population but 60%-70% of the prison population
In a sovereign Aboriginal state, would 2000 per 100,000 of the population -- or about 4% of the male population -- be in prison?

This seems unlikely.

Ditto Blacks in America, Muslims in France, etc.
Criminality and incarceration are ultimately the products of status hierarchies

When status hierarchies are steeper, there is greater social distance separating those at the bottom from those at the top

This leads to a greater degree of labeling of those at the bottom as "deviant," which ultimately leads to greater criminality
Surveillance society
These trends are exacerbated by the rise of . . .
Routine data surveillance, however, is probably much more important
Credit checks
Background checks
Health records
Monitoring of all kinds
Around 60% of rioters came from the poorest areas of the UK, and only 4% from the richest
Many rioters conceded their involvement in looting was simply down to opportunism, saying that a perceived suspension of normal rules presented them with an opportunity to acquire goods and luxury items they could not ordinarily afford. They often described the riots as a chance to obtain “free stuff”.
Labeling Theory
Contrasting definitions of the situation by rule-makers versus rule-breakers
The successful application of a label confirs a morally inferior status, a "stigma" (Goffman), on those rule-breakers who are defined as outsiders.
"A person becomes deviant when he or she takes on a deviant role or identity as a response to societal reactions to his or her initial deviation"
Primary deviation
Secondary deviation
Deviant identity
Deviant career
Relative Deprivation
Status Frustration
Differential association
Injecting drug users
Imprisonment per 100,000 population ...
Murders per 100,000 population ...
The Australian story is similar ...
Full transcript