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on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Smoking

Each day, nearly 4,000 kids under the age of 18 try their first cigarette, 1,500 of those kids become daily smokers
-About one third of these smokers will die prematurely from smoking-related diseases
-Children and teens are easy targets for the tobacco industry, they are influenced by TV, movies, the internet, friends and advertising.
-Overall tobacco use in high schools in 2012 for females is 18.1% and for males 28.3%
-Overall tobacco use in 2012 at middle schools for females is 5.6% and males is 7.8%
what is tobacco
Tobacco is a green, leafy plant. It is grown in warm climates and then dried up to be used in different ways.

Different types of tobacco are:
- Smoke tobacco (cigarette, cigar, or in a pipe)
- Chewing tobacco
- Snuff (sniffed through the nose)
Nicotine is found naturally in the tobacco leaf and is the chemical that causes tobacco products to be so addictive.It may cause you to temporarily feel good, energized, calm or more alert. It can take as little as 10 seconds for nicotine to reach the brain after being inhaled

It causes reactions such as:
-blood pressure and heart rate increase
-blood vessels constrict
-brain waves are altered and muscles relax
The top products that have Tobacco in them are cigarettes, chew/snuff, and cigars.
Facts about smoking...Did you know?
Top products that have Tobacco
- Main use of Tobacco
-Cigarettes are small cylinders containing tobacco leaves wrapped in paper.
- Cigarettes contain 4,000 ingredients and about 250 of these are harmful chemicals in them including hydrogen cyanide (used in chemical weapons), carbon monoxide (found in car exhaust), formaldehyde (used in embalming fluid), ammonia (found in household cleaners), and toluene (found in paint thinners).
- About half of Americans who keep their smoking habit will die from it.
- A pack of cigarettes costs between $10-13 dollars.
- 20% of cigarettes are sugars

Withdrawal Symptoms
-dizziness, headaches and shakiness
-anxiety and irritability
-nervousness and restlessness
-difficulty concentrating and sleeping
-increased appetite
-depression or feeling down
-cravings for a smoke
-Irritability, frustration, or anger
-Increased coughing
-Constipation or upset stomach
-Decreased heart rate
-Lung cancer in adults, a greater risk of respiratory illnesses in children and sudden infant death syndrome are all factors that are caused from secondhand smoke.
-Carbon monoxide in secondhand smoke increases the chance of cardiovascular diseases
-Children who breathe in secondhand smoke are more likely to have ear infections, allergies, pneumonia, asthma and bronchitis.
-Teens whose parents smoke get sick more often then teens that are not exposed to secondhand smoke.

Types of cigarettes
Kreteks (clove cigarettes) - Have the same health risks as normal cigarettes but deliver more nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar than regular cigarettes. They have a higher risk of asthma and 20 times more the risk of abnormal lung function.

Bidis (flavored cigarettes) - These are popular among teens because they sell a variety of flavored such as chocolate, cherry, strawberry and orange.They are usually cheaper and give an immediate buzz compared to normal cigarettes. Some people believe these are safe and more natural because there is less tobacco but they are actually worse. They contain 3 times as much nicotine and carbon monoxide and 5 times as much tar than a regular cigarette.
Affects on physical performance
-The use of tobacco narrows blood vessel and puts a strain on the heart. It leads to lack of oxygen and causes shortness of breath.
-Smokers are slower and unable to run as far and fast as non-smokers.
-To reach your peak performance your heart, lungs and muscles need oxygen rich blood. The chemicals in the tobacco replace the oxygen and bind to the red blood cells.
-This decrease in oxygen is what causes the decrease in your physical endurance
Secondhand Smoke
Quitting and Prevention
-make a START plan (Set a quit date, Tell family and friends, Anticipate and plan for the challenges you'll face while quitting, Remove tobacco products from your environment, Talk to your doctor about getting help to quit)
-Keep a craving journal
-Avoid common smoking triggers (alcohol, other smokers, end of a meal)
-Distract yourself
-Remind yourself why you quit
-Get out of tempting situations
-Reward yourself
1. Smoking as few as ____ cigarettes a day decreases teens lung functions
2. Withdrawal symptoms usually start within ________ of their last cigarette
3. Everyday _______ kids become daily smokers
4. Tobacco is responsible for what percent of lung cancer?
5. The average life expectancy of a chronic smoker is _____ years shorter
Long Term Effects
-Heart Disease (hypertension, stroke, congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, heart attack, blocked blood vessels)
-Cancer (lung-S, upper respiratory tract-S, larynx-S&C, mouth-S&C, throat-S&C, stomach-C, pancreas-S&C, kidney-S&C, bladder-S&C, cervix-S)
-Lung Disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
-Reproductive Damage
-Birth Defects in pregnancies
Short Term Effects
-Bad breath/taste in mouth
-Smelly hair/clothes.
-Yellow/brown stains on teeth.
-Lowered athletic ability.
-Damage to the respiratory system.
-Decreased lung capacity.
-Increased heart rate.
-Chronic coughing.
-Receding gums/permanent gum loss
-Sensitive teeth.
-Increased risk of tooth decay.
-Sores, white and red patches, and lumps in mouth.
Where you can get help
-Tobacco Reduction Program at RDC- Provide guidance and support to students who want to quit smoking.
-Alberta Health Services- Information and help.
-Image Laserworks Treatment- 85-94% successful. Helps with the psychological, physical and detoxification. Clients no longer crave nicotine.
-Insight Psychology- Hypnotherapy
-Nicotine- gum, patches, inhaler.

Spit or smokeless tobacco is a less lethal, but still unsafe, alternative to smoking. Many terms are used to describe tobacco that is put into the mouth, such as spit, spitless, oral tobacco, and chewing or snuff tobacco.
- The most common form is moist and that is put into tin or plastic cans this is called sneuss or chew.
- Other snuff is dry and is snorted mostly.
- Chew also contains nicotine and becomes addictive.
Smokeless Tobacco. (June 2005). ABC news. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=2099026
Student Health.(nd).Types of Tobacco http://studenthealth.oregonstate.edu/book/export/html/138
Tobacco Use and Pregnancy. (January 28, 2014).
Center of Disease Control and Prevention.

Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. (March 27, 2014). The Path to Addiction Starts at a Very Young Age.
World Health Organization. (2014). Tobacco Facts.
Cunningham, M. (2014). 10 reasons people start smoking. Retrieved from http:// health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/smoking-cessation/10-reasons-people-start-smoking.htm#page=1
Centers for disease control and prevention. (n.d.). Smoking and tobacco use. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/tobacco_related_mortality/
History and economics of tobacco. (n.d.). What is tobacco?. Retrieved from http://healthliteracy.worlded.org/docs/tobacco/Unit1/1what_is.html
Government of Canada. (2013). Nicotine addiction. Retrieved from http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/health-sante/tobacco-tabac/addiction-dependance-eng.php
American cancer society. (2013). Child and teen tobacco use. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/childandteentobaccouse/child-and-teen-tobacco-use-child-and-teen-tobacco-use
Partnership for a tobacco-free maine. (2014). Health effects of tobacco. Retrieved from http://www.tobaccofreemaine.org/channels/parents/learn_more_about_health_effects.php
Helpguide.org. (n.d.). How to quit smoking. Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/quit_smoking_cessation.htm
In the know zone. (2011). Prevalence of tobacco use. Retrieved from http://www.intheknowzone.com/substance-abuse-topics/tobacco/statistics.html
Cleveland clinic. (2014). Smoking and physical activity. Retrieved from http://my.clevelandclinic.org/healthy_living/smoking/hic_smoking_and_physical_activity.aspx

Teens and Smoking
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