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Patterns in Human Geography

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Trusha P

on 2 March 2013

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Transcript of Patterns in Human Geography

By: Trusha =) Patterns in
Geography Settlements Land Use Urbanization Population
Distribution Population
Density Linear settlement A linear settlement is a geographic term that describes a group houses or buildings arranged along a coast or natural resource (river, mountains e.t.c). Linear settlements occur usually because of a natural resource like rivers, where people can access the resource easier. Scattered Settlement In a scattered settlement the houses or buildings are spaced out an extensive area and do not follow a pattern. This type of settlement is mostly found in hilly tracts or thick forests. This type of settlement is mostly found in farmland areas and identified with a sparse development. Clustered Settlements A clustered settlement is a settlement pattern in which the houses or buildings are closely located. The pattern is identified by its dense development. This settlement is found in urban areas like cities. Site (The arrow positioned vertical) The site is the landform that has the actual location of a settlement. As shown on the diagram above the site is the core, it is the internal factor and the precise location. Situation (The arrow positioned diagonal) The situation is the surroundings of the site like the external location. As shown above in the diagram the situation is the regional or global characteristics and is in relation to the transportation, other cities, and natural resources. For example, the situation of Toronto would be the GTA, like Markham, Mississauga or Brampton. Residential Residential land use is land that is used for residency and human habitation. For example apartments, town houses or single houses. Humans are attracted to placed where there are homes and a place to live. Industrial Industrial land use is land that is used for manufacturing. For example factories or manufacturing buildings. Humans are also attracted to leisure goods and to make the goods factories are needed. So, humans might want to live where they can get their leisure goods. Commercial Commercial land use is land used for profitable trade, or commerce activities, such as retailing or storage. For example restaurants, hotels, malls and shops. Human are mostly attracting to commercial lands because that type of land is mostly found in cities where there is a high population. Institutional Institutional land use is land owned by the government to help serve the population. For example hospitals, police stations, schools, or places of worship. Humans also want to settle in areas where they can have easy access to their institutional needs. Re-Creational Recreational land use is land used for public pleasure. For example community centers, golf courses parks and arenas.Apart from all the needs in life humans also enjoy leisure time, so they might want to live near recreational areas. Transportational Transportational land use is land used for traveling to places. For example roads, highways, tolls and bike lanes. To travel to places humans need a route to travel on, without any roads traveling would be a lot harder. That is one reason why humans might consider living in an area where there is transportation. Social People move to cities for leisure reasons like museums, movies and amusement parks. Also for a better health care and education. People move from rural areas to urban cities for a better social life. Wherever these human attracting places are there will most likely be a dense population. Environmental People move to cities for a preference of climate. As cities are built over farms, more people move to the city to look for a better job and living. And as population grows more lands is needed to build institutional land. People do not want to live in the core of a city because it is too polluted so their preference is the suburbs. Economics People move to cities for economic advantages. In a big population there is as big demand for manufacturing which causes an increase in jobs with industries to do with manufacturing. Which attracts even more people, and that affects urbanization. Politics Technology People move to cities for advances in technology, like improvement in methods of transportation and communication. For example fewer people are needed to work on farms nowadays because of new technology in farms in which machines replace men labour. Types of Settlements Factors affecting
Population Density People move to cities for a good political development. The management from governmental offices decide where to place roads and houses which affects where people get attracted Factors that Attract People Factors that Repel People Human Development - Population Characteristics Landform Resource Climate Political Social Economic History Sparse Density A sparse density ranges from 1-14 people per square kilometer. Moderate Density A moderate density ranges from 15-150 people per square kilometer Dense Density A dense density ranges from 151 + people per square kilometer The End Birth Rates - Easy access to resourses (food, water e.t.c)
- Temperature/Climate
-Stable government/Democracy
- Social groups
-High job opportunities/High wage/Business advantage
-Arable Land
-Coastal Regions
- Good leisure activity
-Affordable living -Harsh Climate
-Chances of war/Political upheaval
-Limited jobs/Low wage
- Rugged terrain/Infertile Soils
-Unsafe community/High crime rates
-Limited healthcare
-Natural disasters
-Unfair Laws These rates are the number of births per thousand of population per year. This rate helps make observations of the generation to come and the population. Death Rates Death rates are the number of deaths in a year. It depends on factors also such as the health care, the education system, the food e.c.t. These rates help determine and estimate the likely percentage of deaths to come. Literacy Rates The literacy rate is the rate of people with the ability to read and write.
These rates help the country/city/town determine how their education system is going to develop. Life Expectancy Rate Use of Resources/Overpopulation Problems If there are more people to share one amount, each person will get less and less depending on the number of people. Likewise if the density keeps growing there will be problems with our resources like:

- less portions for everyone
- no sufficient space
- more humidity
- more taxes
- decrease in fresh water
- need more space, which replaces our farms
with more houses which means less space to grow
organic foods
- (e.t.c)

Other problems associated with overpopulation include the increased demand for resources such as fresh water and food. Life expectancy is number of years a person can expect to live. It is the lifespan of a person. Healthy life expectancy is a related statistic, which estimates the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live. High Density:

-Low flat land
-Arable land
-Coastal Regions
-Near rivers
-Flat plains Low Density:

-Rugged terrain
-Extreme climate
-Limited water supply
-Few resources available
-Infertile soils High Density:

-Warm places High Density:

-Near water, rivers, oceans
and banks
-Farmland Low Density:

-Rocky areas
-Rugged terrain
-Infertile soils Low Density:

-Bad weather conditions
-Natural Disasters High Density:

-Stable government
-No fear of persecution
-Fair laws Low Density:

-Chances of war
-Political upheaval
-No rights
-Unfair laws
-High rates of protests and strikes High Density:

-Cultural groups
-New immigrants
-Want to live close to friends and family Low Density:

-Preference of neighbours
-No nearby relatives or friends High Density:

-Job opportunities
-High wage
-Business advantage
-Rich customers Low Density:

-No jobs
-Low wage
-High debt High Density:

-Plenty of soil and water
for good farming techniques
from the past Low Density:

-No sign of habitation =
less likely for tenancy
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