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on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Chavin

Characteristics of the Olmec and Chavín Civilizations
'a glorified SPICE chart'
The Chavín lived in small one-room homes and were mainly farmers, growing avocados, manioc, and corn.
They lived along the coast, so fishing was an important supplement to their diet.
had elaborate burial rituals and buried their dead with objects that they would need in the afterlife.
Chavín de Huántar was the center of their civilization.
developed distinctive style of sculpture with red, black, and brown clay.
accomplished cloth workers.
Were they one ethnic group or mix of ethnicities?

Giant sculpted heads could have represented particular rulers
San Lorenzo (a town center in Olmec) was home to a small ruling class of priests and nobles
These rulers could've commanded a much larger group of peasant farmers
form of kingship that combined religious and secular roles
directed a large trading network through mesoamerica
La Venta was a prosperous community of fishers, farmers, traders, and specialists like artisans and sculptors
strategic position of San Lorenzo allowed the inhabitants to control communications, transportation, and trade in the area.
contributed much to later mesoamerican civilizations
The jaguar motif is seen later used in pottery and sculpture of later peoples in the region
future mesoamerican societies copied the Olmec pattern of Olmec design
Jade carvings decorated with the jaguar-god
spread of their art styles and religious images demonstrates the powerful influence of this culture
believed to have established certain patterns that helped unify Andean culture and lay the foundations of later civilizations
convincing religious system and related rituals
cultural core located at San Lorenzo
Urban development made possible by earlier advances in agricultural (diet: corn, beans, and squash)
organized irrigation and drainage canals
developed raised fields
Manioc grown in floodplains
Polytheistic; deities had dual natures
shamans and healers organized religious life & developed an early form of writing
thousands of commoner were drawn from the countryside to attend ceremonies at the center
complex social institutions and cultural values facilitated interregional exchanges & shared labor responsibilities
became politically dominant in a densely populated region
labor obligations permitted construction and maintenance of roads
Llamas were used in the process of trade and specialization
improved the manufacture and decoration of textiles
populous mountain valleys allowed the city's rulers to control trade, gaining an economic advantage over regional rivals
class distinctions increased during a period of expansion
class of priests directed religious life
king dominated Chavín's politics
Chavín de Huántar was a large ceremonial and residential center of the Chavín culture
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