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Copy of World Map

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Kenny Jack

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of World Map

World Map
This line is called the equator. It divides the globe into two identical sphere, the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere. It is also referred as the 0

degree on Earth according to the
latitude. The distance from the equator to the North and South Poles are both 90 degree since it is a Great Circle.
This line is called the Prime Meridian. It is a Great Circle that cuts the Earth into two halves from north to south, separating east and west. Same as the equator, it is also known as the 0 degree according to the longitude.
North Pole
The most northerly point on Earth. It is covered in ice and snow throughout the whole year. It is also the coldest place on Earth with the lowest temperature ever was -80 degree Celsius. It is famous for the polar bears living in it. If you are lucky, you may be able to the see the gorgeous and stunning Northern Lights. Or even perhaps Santa Clause flying through the air.
South Pole
The most southerly point on Earth. Similar to North Pole, it is covered in snow throughout the year. However, it is not as cold as North Pole. South Pole is well-known for its cute little penguins and gigantic whales.
Pacific Ocean:
Galapagos Island: This island is named after the giant tortoises that can be found on the island. It was discovered by a man called Tomas de Berlanga, the Spanish Bishop of Panama. Before the 19 century it was mainly used by pirates as their hideout. In 1973, James Colnett, an officer of the British Royal Navy, and explorer, suggested the islands could be used as base for the whalers operating in the Pacific Ocean as they offered fresh water, and an almost endless supply of meat. Consequently the whalers capture the tortoises as food which almost led them to extinction.

Easter Island: Known for the mysterious statues built along the seashore called Moai. It is one of the most isolated inhabited island. Over the century, the inhabitants experienced colonialism, epidemics, food shortages, internal wars, slave raids and yet still survived. Scientists believed that the Moais are built by the natives when they arrived. However, some say that these were built by aliens since the rocks are too big and heavy to be crafted and dragged with the civilization at that point.

Hawaii: One of the most beautiful island in the world. Wildly known for its gorgeous sight. Containing clear sea and many beaches. Many surfers came for the laid-back surfing life here.
In 1778, the famed British explorer Captain James Cook arrived in this paradise, establishing a monarchy here. Later on, industries started to develop, different people brought money in to trade stuff. During World War 2 countless Hawaiians had significant role that helped the Americans out a lot. After the war's end, the 86th Congress proudly approved that statehood for Hawaii. It was admitted to the union on August 21, 1959, as the 50th state.

Indian Ocean:
Madagascar: It is the forth largest island on Earth. It has lots of beautiful beaches on the shore. The island served as an important trading port during the 7th century, and gave Africa a route to the Silk Road. There was once a movie named Madagascar which talked about a few zoo animals escaped to Madagascar...

Christmas Island: It is an Australian external territory, claimed from Britain in 1958. It was discovered on Christmas Day, 1643, by Captain William Minors of the British East India Company, thus it was named this way.It is hot, tropical all year round, but the weather can change rapidly when regional monsoons blow in from the northwest. It is an isolated, quiet place, encircled by a coral reef that is rich in natural beauty and marine life. The island, volcanic in origin, is the summit of a submerged mountain. Steep sea cliffs surround most of the island.Most of the available land space is covered with rainforest.

St. Paul Island: A part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas department of France, claimed in 1955, including Amsterdam Island and Crozet and Kerguelen Islands. the weather is sub Antarctic, with year round cold and windy conditions An extinct volcanic island with no population on it. It is approximately 2,630 miles southwest of Perth, Australia
Atlantic Ocean:
Canary Island: Once known to the ancient Romans as the Fortunate Islands, the Canary Islands were named after the large dogs (Canes) found living on the islands. It was often visited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and the Greeks. In the early 15th century, french tried to conquest it, the inhabitants resisted for nearly a century, until the Treaty of Alcacovas was signed in 1479 settling the disputes, which included transferring control of the Canary Islands to the Castiles (french). New economic started to develop since then.

Ireland: It is the third largest island around Europe. Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which is located in the north-east of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. The last Ice Age melted away some 10,000 years ago, and that dramatic event created Ireland.

Newfoundland and Labrador: It is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The province's official name was also "Newfoundland" until 2001, it was renamed to "Newfoundland and Labrador". On August 5, 1583, Sir Humphrey Gilbert claimed Newfoundland as England's first overseas colony under Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Newfoundland is considered Britain's oldest colony.
Arctic Ocean:
Franz Josef Land: It is an uninhabited archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea and Kara Sea, constituting the northernmost part of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia. It consists of 191 islands . The islands are categorized in three groups, a western, central and eastern, separated by the British Channel and the Austrian Strait. The central group is further divided into a northern and southern section by the Markham Strait. The largest island is George Land, followed by Wilczeck Land, Graham Bell Island and Alexandra Land.

Svalbard: It is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, constituting the northernmost part of Norway. Located north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The largest island is Spitsbergen. The administrative center is Longyearbyen, and other settlements. The archipelago is administered by the Governor of Svalbard. It is the northernmost place in the world with a permanent population.The archipelago features an Arctic climate, although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude. Svalbard is a habitat for many seabirds, polar bears, reindeer, and marine mammals.

Prince Patrick Island: A Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Prince Patrick Island is the westernmost of the Queen Elizabeth Islands in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is the 55th largest island in the world and Canada's 14th largest island. It has historically been icebound all year, making it one of the most inaccessible parts of Canada.
It is uninhabited. A High Arctic Weather Station and associated airstrip called Mould Bay was opened in 1948 as part of a joint Canada-U.S. military effort to support a weather station network.

Southern Ocean:
Unfortunately there is no island in the Southern Ocean.
North America
South America
Also known as the People's Republic of China. It is the second largest country only counting land area and the most populated on Earth with over 1.3 million people. Its landscape varies from high hills to low valleys. China is known for many of its ancient architects such as the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the figurines of warriors and horses. It is also known for their special cultures such as Chinese New Year and dragon dance. Their Dim Sum are also a special culture
Japan's name means "Sun's origin". Its capital city is Tokyo. Similar to Paris, it also has a building that looks like the Eiffel Tower. Their products are famous for their good quality. Their food are also magnificent. Their Shashimi and u don are wildly known around the world. It is a very civilized country that contains lots of environmentally friendly facility.
Its capital city is Canberra. It contains numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. For at least 40,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians. After the discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Britain in 1770. Therefore their flag has an England flag in it. It is known for the kangaroos living on the land. Sydney is the most populated city in Australia, it is known for its landmark, the Opera House.
Its capital city is Wellington. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life; most notable are the large number of unique bird species. Same as Australia, it was also once colonized by British, that's why their flag looks so much alike. Moreover, as the environment is such great, many fruits are produced there. Common ones include New Zealand kiwi.
New Zealand
Suva is the capital city of Fiji. It is a very small country. However, it is a beautiful paradise. It is a great place to have a vacation. The sight there is gorgeous. There is a small island that looks exactly like the one that the cartoon character, Spongebob Squarepants lives below.
Rome is the capital city and the biggest city, it was known for its warfare back in he past. It conquered many parts of the world. Somebody said catapults were invented by Rome, but the truth is it was invented by a mathematician named Archimedes, also known as the God of War. He was the man who found a way to measure the mass of something with water. Italy is also known for their food such as spaghetti and pizza. However some said these food were invented in China first. Their soccer team is wild known in the world as it won a few world cup before.
It's capital city is Paris. The Eiffel Tower is one of its most famous landmark. It was once a great competitor of Britain. They both colonized Canada, thus we have to learn English and French nowadays. It was involved in different wars. For instance, the Seven Years of War. It is also world known for their delicious food such as baguette, macaroon, and most disgusting yet delicious of all, baked snail.
Madrid is the capital city of Spain. It is famous through the whole world for its intense bullfighting. The bullfighter has to taunt the bull and try to dodge and sta the bull. It is an extremely dangerous sport. If the bullfighter is careless, he might get killed by the bull.Other special cultures include tomato day, when they throws tomato at one another. their soccer team is also famous throughout the world
This is where we are all living in now, Canada's capital city is Ottawa. It is the second largest country in the world. The air quality is very good compared to other countries. The country was formed since there was a rebellion in 1837. Although the rebellion wasn't successful, Canada gained a responsible government and independnce.
It is made up of 50 different states ad the capital city is Washington D.C.. It is one of the major country of economic development as it is the first country to establish nowadays money system(I owe you system). Also, their military is the best in the world. The president is Barrack Obama, the president who successfully captured Osama Bin Ladin the terrorist who organized 911 suicide attack. Although it is one of the late formed country, United States had been the top in many thing. Smart phone is a good example. Every country depends on it.
The capital city is called Mexico City. The square pyramids in Mexico are very famous. Mayan, a very civilized and smart aboriginal recorded their prediction in these pyramid. Most of them accurately predicted what would happen. Scientist believed that according to the Mayan's prediction, the end of the world would have come in 2012 since it is the end of their calender. Mexico is also famous for their hot and spicy food. Most of the spiciest food comes from Mexico such as jalapeno.
United States of America
Republic of South Africa
Singapore is a special country, since it is so small it has no capital city. Therefore we can say the capital city of Singapore is Singapore itself. The Merlion is one of the most important landmark of Singapore. Moreover, Singapore is famous for their authentic food such as satay, Hainan chicken rice and bak kut teh.
The capital city of Egypt is Cairo. It is known for its amazing pyramids and sphinx around the world. Giza pyramid is one of the most famous one. Some said it was once broken and was then rebuilt. Long time ago, Egypt was ruled by the Pharaoh, the rulers who people think is one of the many gods they worship. Egypt is mostly covered by desert. Therefore there aren't much transportation. Camels are used to carry human or stuff through the desert. Since desert lack of water, cactus is the most common plant there.
This country has three capital city:
Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Racism existed long time ago, people in South Africa weren't treated fairly. This lasted until Nelson Mandela, the spiritual leader of the people stood up for them. He eventually became the president and was known for his effort to fight for equal rights.
Its capital city is Nairobi. It is known for the massive amount of elephants living there. However, due to the destroyed habitat and poaching, the number of elephants decreased dramatically. Poachers are hunters who hunt elephants down for their valuable tusks to make ivory.
The capital city of Peru is Lima. Peru is famous for the Machu Picchu, a mysterious lost city built on a high mountain. It was built by the Inca people from the Inca Empire. It is a great wonder since people back then do not have enough power and technology to build such a great city above a mountain. Moreover, the city is perfectly preserved.
Its capital city is called Brasília. It is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country. Christ the Redeemer is one of the most important landmark in Brazil. It is a statue of Jesus located in Rio de Janeiro. It symbolizes Jesus loves the world. Brazil is also known for its brilliant soccer team. It had won the world cup five in a row. Making it one of the best team in the world.
Its capital city is called Buenos Aires. It is famous for their Tango dance. It is one of the largest exporter of beef for it has a huge cattle ranch. Not to mention their great soccer team.
Mount Everest: It contains the world highest mountain, the Himalayas

Yangtze River: It is the longest river in Asia. It provided water source to Chinese in the past. However, is sometimes variant and cause damage
Sahara Desert: It is the world's hottest desert, and the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic. It covers most of North Africa, making it almost as large as China or the United States. Sahara Desert is now expanding due to desertification. Also, wind blows the sand to the outside of the desert, thus making it bigger

Nile River: It is the longest river in the world. It is an "international" river as its water resources are shared by eleven countries In particular, the Nile is the primary water resource and life artery for Egypt and Sudan.
Andes Mountain: It is the longest continental mountain range in the world. It is a continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America.The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

Amazon River: It is the second largest river in the world. It also provides hydration to the plants in Amazon Rainforest
Mount Rushmore: It is the mountain that have four United States president, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincolns' faces carved on it.

Mississippi River: It has the largest drainage system in North America. It goes across the entire United States to Canada.
Alps Mountains: They are one of the great mountain range systems of Europe stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries from Austria and Slovenia in the east, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, and France to the west, and Italy and Monaco to the south. The mountains were formed over hundreds of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided

Volga River: It is the longest river in Europe. It is also Europe's largest river in terms of discharge and watershed. It flows through central Russia and is widely viewed as the national river of Russia. The river has a symbolic meaning in Russian culture and is often referred to as Volga-Matushka (Mother Volga) in Russian literature and folklore.
Mauna Loa: It is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaii. Mauna Loa is the largest subaerial volcano in both mass and volume, and has historically been considered the largest volcano on Earth. It is an active shield volcano, with a volume estimated at approximately 18,000 cubic miles. The Hawaiian name "Mauna Loa" means "Long Mountain". Lava eruptions from Mauna Loa are silica-poor, and very fluid; eruptions tend to be non-explosive and the volcano has relatively shallow slopes.

Fly River: It is the largest river in Oceania, the largest in the world without a single dam in its catchment, and overall ranks as the 25th-largest river in the world by volume of discharge. It contains lot of trionychidae.
Mount Elizabeth: It is a massive ice-free mountain. It was discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907–09, and named for Elizabeth Dawson-Lambton, a supporter of the expedition

Adams Stream: A glacial meltwater stream that runs approximately 0.5 miles long. It flows through many other lakes and valleys.

Wilkes Land
Wilkes Land is a large district of land in eastern Antarctica, formally claimed by Australia as part of the Australian Antarctic Territory, though the validity of this claim has been placed for the period of the operation of the Antarctic Treaty, to which Australia is a signatory. The region extends as a sector about 2600 km towards the South Pole, with an estimated land area of 2,600,000 km², mostly glaciated. It is further subdivided in the following coastal areas which can also be thought of as sectors extending to the South Pole
Antarctic Penninsula
- There are no huskies or pulling sleds in Antarctica
-At least two active volcanoes exist in Antarctica
- Millions of years ago the climate in Antarctica as able to keep evergreen forests and such healthy and alive
- Antarctica is approximately 5.4 million square miles (livescience.com, 2014(all facts))
Countries Who Own Parts of Antarctica
Queen Maud Land
The Antarctic Peninsula is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica. At the surface, it is the biggest, most prominent peninsula in Antarctica as it extends 1300 km from a line between Cape Adams and a point on the mainland south of Eklund Islands. Beneath the ice sheet which covers it, the Antarctic Peninsula consists of a string of bedrock islands that are separated by deep channels whose bottoms lie at depths considerably below current sea level and are joined together by a grounded ice sheet. Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost tip of South America, lies only about 1000 km away across the Drake Passage.

It is a c. 2.7 million-square-kilometre region of Antarctica claimed as a dependent territory by Norway. The territory lies between the British Antarctic Territory to the west and the Australian Antarctic Territory to the east. The latitudinal limits of the territory are not officially defined. Positioned in East Antarctica, the territory comprises one-sixth of the total area of Antarctica. The claim is named after Norwegian queen Maud of Wales (1869–1938).
- France- Owns the smallest part of Antarctica
- Argentina- Sent a pregnant woman to Antarctica. The baby born was the first ever in Antarctica
- Chile- Mostly owns the water
- Norway- Own a big land part of Antarctica.
- Australia- Owns the another big land part of Antarctica
- Great Britain- Owns the larget land part in Antarctica
- New Zealand- Owns the largest water part of Antarctica
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