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BREAST CANCER

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by

Andrea Mejorada

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of BREAST CANCER

BREAST CANCER
By: Angela Alarcon, Heena Ansari, Andrea Mejorada and Meghan Pendyala
Breast Cancer
What is it?
Cancer can originate in different parts of the breast:
True or False: Breast cancer affects only women.
CAN BREAST FEEDING REDUCE THE CHANCE OF OBTAINING BREAST CANCER?
HOW OFTEN SHOULD WOMEN CHECK THEMSELVES?
o Associate professor in the center of biomedical engineering

o A new novel device for the future to change breast cancer detection and treatment

- John Hopkins

o Discovery of Drugs which can prevent Metastasis
Research
Duke University Research on Diagnoses

We can
reduce
our chances of getting breast cancer by...
Tamoxifen
Reloxifene
Aromatase Inhibitors
Other Drugs
Results
positive margin
negative margin
close margin
RECURRENCE OF
BREAST CANCER
WHAT IS CANCER?
Breast
Cancer

can·cer
noun \ˈkan(t)-sər\

: a serious disease caused by cells that are not normal and that can spread to one or many parts of the body
In other words...
A case in which cells begin
to divide uncontrollably
Categories of Cancer
There are over 100 different types of cancer
Tumors
Mass of abnormal cells
Not all tumors are cancerous...
Benign
Malignant
How many types of cancer
do you think exist?
A. 43
B. Millions
C. Over one hundred
D. 85
C

LEUKEMIA
Central nervous
system cancers
CARCINOMA
SARCOMA
Lymphoma and
myeloma
Statistics
What is it?...
CANCEROUS TUMORS IN
THE BREAST TISSUE
Ductal carcinoma breast cancer
Lobular carcinoma breast cancer
FALSE

Female
Male
True of False: Every 3 minutes a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer
true
232,570
new cases of invasive breast cancer
40,000
will end in death
Most common cancer in the
amongst
WHAT CAUSES
BREAST CANCER?
Damage
to DNA
BRCA1 or BRCA2 Gene
gender
AGE
HAVING
CHILDREN
RACE
ALCOHOL
bREAST
Feeding
HOw can we
prevent breast
cancer?
Limiting Alcohol
Don't Smoke
Control weight
Be active
Breastfeed
Avoid radiation and
environmental pollution
can a healthy diet
prevent breast cancer?
Breast Cancer
Chemoprevention
What is it?..
The use of drugs to
limit the risk of cancer

Breast Cancer Preventative Surgeries
Prophylactic mASECTOMIES
Prophylactic oophorectomy
Signs and Symptoms
Feeling
Breast and Nipple
Appearance
Nipple Discharge
LUMP
Breast cyst
Fibrocystic breasts
Breast pain
Breast Self-Exams
in the shower
in front of the mirror
when laying down
CLINICAL BREAST EXAMS
DIAGNOSIS
Mammograms
Physician or healthcare
provider checkup
Ultrasound
MRI
BREAST BIOPSY
Fine Needle Aspiration
Core Needle Biopsy
Surgical Biopsy
(Lumpectomy/Wide Local Excision/Open Biopsy)

TREATMENT
Chemotherapy
What is it?
BREAST CONSERVING SURGERY
HORMONE THERAPY

RADIOACTIVE THERAPY
MASTECTOMY
Treatment with cancer-killing drugs
Is given in cycles
Can take several months
SURGERY TO REMOVE A BREAST
pARTIAL MASTECTOMY
LOCAL RECURRENCE
LOCAL CHECKUP
METASTASIS
(distant recurrence)
Symptoms
how does bme
relate with
breast cancer?
...
Lumpectomy and radiation with local recurrence
Mastectomy and local recurrence
Recurrence and support
Dr. Joseph Yuan- Chieh Lo (Part of the BME Faculty and a professor in Radiology)
Breast Tomosynthesis
Computer aided Diagnoses
(University of Kentucky)
trivia!!!
iN WHAT CATEGORY
OF CANCER DOES BREAST
CANCER FALL INTO?
Carcinoma
CAN A HEALTHY
DIET PREVENT
BREAST CANCER?
no
WHEN IS BREAST CANCER
AWARENESS MONTH?
October
every month
WHICH FAMOUS CELEBRITY
HAD A DOUBLE MASTECTOMY?
Angelina Jolie
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF
LUMPS END UP BEING
CANCEROUS?
20%
YES
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cancer
http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/breast-cancer-facts-figures

http://bressante.com/breast-cancer-awareness/signs-of-breast-cancer.html
http://www.riversideonline.com/health_reference/Womens-Health/DS01070.cfm
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/screening/understanding-breast-changes/page6
http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/01/14/false-positive-mammogram-worse-than-the-real-thing-for-many-women/22655.html
https://radiology.ucsf.edu/patient-care/sections/womens-imaging/research
http://www.cipherhealthcare.com/Diagnose_cancer.aspx
http://www.bme.jhu.edu/news-events/news-highlights.php?id=455
-https://www.engr.uky.edu/news/2012/10/biomedical-engineering-researchers-novel-device-could-change-breast-cancer-detection-and-treatment/
- http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-prevention
- http://ww5.komen.org/BreastCancer/SurvivalandRiskofHavingCancerReturnAfterTreatment.html
-http://www.bme.duke.edu/faculty/joseph-y-lo
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/womens-health/in-depth/breast-cancer-prevention/art-20044676
REFERENCES
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