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Journey through Art History
Transcript of Journey through Art History
750,000 - 1,500 CE (common era)
Cave paintings, stone figures, petroglyphs, geoglyphs, megalithic.
Values - food (hunting, gathering), girth (large was equivalent to physically healthy), fertility (reproducing).
Advanced cultures - literate societies.
Settled cultures - farming, herding.
Began with the collapse of the Roman Empire. (Barbarian - vikings -invasions, disintegration of political, economic, military institutions and migration) - huge time of movement & travel.
Catholic Church (Madonna & Child) - attracted illiterate people to follow their beliefs.
Books, Architecture, stain glass windows, sculpture, paintings.
Middle Ages -
Art Nouveau Expressionism Surrealism
Realism Cubism Pop Art
Impressionism Futurism Op Art
Post impressionism Constructivism Minimalism
Fauvism Dada Abstract Expressionism
Artists borrow and build upon all past art eras and periods. They cross over genres and art forms.
Egypt, Babylon, Persia, Greek, Rome, China, India,
Highly religious - (Gods, Goddesses, Pharaohs)
Characterized by order - (Grids, proportions)
Colour- (Blue & green = Nile & life, yellow = sun God, red = power & vitality)
Dynasties - Imperial Family ruling class
Traditional chinese painting - follow calligraphy techniques using a brush dipped in ink on paper or ink
Values - family & respect
Medieval Art (5th to 15th century)
Early Christian, Byzantine, Islamic, Gothic, Romanesque
Frescoes, mosaics, sculpture, manuscripts, influenced by Roman design - established underground
Continuation of the Roman empire, fell to turkish empire Ottoman Turks - mostly religious
Islamic expansion begins with the Death of Muhammed, invade surrounding societies.
At first it was considered unrefined compared to the perfection of classical art. Predominantly architecture.
(1400s - c. 1870s)
Spirituality, religious faith (God), Knolwedge based on divine revelations, Artisans worked collectively, Power through Church & crown,
Realism, foreshortening, perspective, softening of edges (sfumato), complex arrangments & depth
Values: (Re-birth) nostalgia for classical art, correct-scientific proportions, intellectual pursuits (Renaissance Man- philosophers, mathematicians, politicians, artisans, scientists),Invention of printing press enabled the dissemination of ideas
approximately 14th - 17th century
Baroque's purpose was to use imagery of absolute power & wealth to overwhelm the non-believers into submission to the Catholic faith.
Grandeur, symmetry, movement & release through light, diagonal composition and gesture.
More jocular, florid and graceful, ornate, strong usage of creamy, pastel-like colours, asymmetrical designs, curves and gold
Less political, more playful and wity
Elongated forms, precarious poses, collapsed perspective, theatrical lighting, irrational settings.
An art form that imitated art: first Hellenistic Greeks work later Michelangelo
Late 1800s - mid 1960s
Industrial Revolution: Progress, materiality, science, technology, individuality, production,
formal qualities / styles are very important
Dynamic, undulating, flowing lines, decoration
spontaneous, subjective, bold painterly brush strokes (after Impressionism, Post Impressionism roots), high-key vibrant colours applied directly from the tube to the canvas, rejected 3-dimensional space, concerned with the formal arrangement of the image, experimental colour movement
- The wild beasts
As early as the late 1800s to 1920s
Present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas
Beginning in 1919
Political, a post WW1 development to gain control through propaganda, photomontage
Emotional intensity, rebellious, anarchic, highly idiosyncratic and, spontaneous
- American, post war
exposing the essence, inner quality of an object through eliminating all non-essential components, repetition.
1960s - 70s - strongest in America, post war
mid 1960s - 1990s
challenges everything that came before it by using unusual materials, rejecting gallery space,
recycling and re-contextualizing,
appropriating, making it impossible
to commodify, new technologies, humour, asking the audience to become apart of the artwork.
NOW - usually the artist is still alive, this means that they may have worked through the Postmodern period