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Mangroves Food Web

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by

Emily Chang

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of Mangroves Food Web

Sunlight provides energy for all living things on Earth
The sun is the primary source of energy in all food webs in all biomes, including the mangroves. The mangroves use a process called photosynthesis to turn the light from the sun into energy for their actions.
Sunlight
A caterpillar is a herbivorous insect
Many herbivorous insects such as ants and caterpillars feed on the mangrove leaves. They are one of the primary consumers in the mangrove food web. They are also heterotrophs, like all animals.
Herbivorous Insects
Crabs are a type of crustacean
Crustaceans are scavengers, eating scraps on the mangrove floors. They are primary consumers and heterotrophs.
Crustaceans
Without mangrove trees, the mangroves wouldn't exist
The mangroves are the primary producer and an autotroph in the mangroves food web. Many animals eat the mangrove leaves. Leaf litter and decomposers such as the weaver ant live where the mangroves are situated.
Mangrove Trees
Mangroves Food Web
By Emily Chang
Birds
Herons eat fish and insects
Birds such as the heron and shag are carnivores, heterotrophs and teritary consumers. They are at the top of the Mangroves food web.
Molluscs are herbivorous
Herbivores such as molluscs, mullets and parores feed on mangrove leaves. They are also primary consumers and heterotrophs.
Herbivores
Rainfall runoff provides the nutrients for the soil
Rainfall runoff collects nutrients and transports them to the soil. Plants use the nutrients in the soil to help them grow. The mangroves do the same.
Rainfall Runoff
Humans eat a wide variety of things.
Humans are omnivores and are at the top of most food webs and chains. They are heterotrophs and teritary consumers.
Humans
Kahawai are carnivores
Large predator fish such as kahawai and eels are teritary consumers and carnivores. They are heterotrophs and are at the top of this food web. Humans eat these fish.
Large Predator Fish
Triplefins live in the mangroves
Small fish such as triplefins, flounders (small) and eels (small) are secondary consumers and heterotrophs. They are carnivores and eat crustaceans.
Small Fish
Yellow-eyed mullet are planktivores
As in the name, planktivores such as the yellow-eyed mullet and smelt eat zooplankton. They are carnivores, heterotrophs and secondary consumers.
Planktivores
Phytoplankton is a vital organism in the marine food web
Phytoplankton is another primary producer and autotroph in the mangroves food web. As it is a producer, it makes it own food in a process called photosynthesis.
Phytoplankton
Jellyfish are a type of zooplankton
Zooplankton are heterotrophic plankton. They feed on phytoplankton. Zooplanktons are herbivorous and primary consumers.
Zooplankton
Krill are filter feeders
Filter feeders are animals that eat whatever is there, eat what they can then let everything else come out. The filter feeders in the mangroves are herbivores and they are primary consumers and heterotrophs.

Filter Feeders
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