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Media and Censorship in WWI

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by

anusha s

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Media and Censorship in WWI

-media used to relay information and news quickly

-all govts. used media to manipulate public

-used media & censorship to:
. keep up support for war
. keep up morals/hopes
. conscription
. incite hatred of other
countries
Media and Censorship during WW1

-propaganda not necessary for conscription (recruitment) in the beginning

-censorship used to keep Germany united




Media and censorship in Germany
Censorship through written texts: (newspapers, letters etc)
-not allowed to criticize Germany
-not allowed to criticize war or war conditions
-not allowed to report war deaths
-required newspapers to write pro-German articles
Media and censorship in Germany
Media and censorship
in Britain
Controlled by Government
- Government eager to control flow of information from front line

- Legislation (1914) - War Office censored press

-Death penalty for those accused of assisting enemy

- Description of war absent

- Published casualty figures acceptable to government
Emphasis to Incite Hatred in Enemies
- Printed headlines -> stir up emotions regardless of accuracy

- Developed and strengthened current of hatred in Britain

- Western Front infamous story: Monks in Antwerp

- German soldiers parading around with babies on bayonets

- Encapsulated evil of Germans


Evasion of truth lead to its suffering

- British success emphasized

- Philip Gibbs (+ 5 War Correspondents) went to France in front lines (March 1915)

- Striked due to great reporting restrictions -> GHQ backed down, censorship continued

- Wanted correspondents to report truth without handing info to enemy: "We identified ourselves absolutely with the armies in the field, and we wiped out of our minds all thoughts of personal 'scoops'. There was no need of censorship of our dispatches. We were our own censors."
Evasion of truth lead to its suffering
- subjected to censorship - spared feelings of men and women, who have sons and husbands fighting in war

- December 1917: spoke of wartime experiences at reception, showed official views of reporters softening
-Prime minister David Lloyd George thought British public should never be allowed to learn the war's true nature
Media and Censorship in World War 1
by Soukaina J. P. and Anusha S.
How did media and censorship contribute to and affect the countries fighting in World War 1?
Overall Summary
- Happened to all of the countries fighting in the war

- All were cautious about the newspapers

- Feared vital info leaked would affect outcome of long-awaited victory

-Kept news stripped from truth of war

-Governments used media and censorship to their advantage


Bibliography
Sources:

Primary Source article on WW1 censorship:

"World War One - Censorship." Press Censorship During WW1,what Was Censored in Ww1,newspaper Censorship W.w.1 USA,government Censoring Media during WW1,Government Press Control and Censorship During WW1,Government Control of the Presses During WW1,Government Control of Newspapers Duri. Old Magazine Articles, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://oldmagazinearticles.com/World_War_One_Censorship>.

Primary Source articile on WW1 censorship in Britain:

Gibbs, Philip. "Realities of War." (Open Library). Hutchinson, 1920. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <https://openlibrary.org/books/OL7033747M/Realities_of_war.>.

Media/censorship in Germany:

Oertel, Stefan. "Censorship in Germany." Censorship in Germany. N.p., 2000. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://courses.cs.vt.edu/professionalism/Censorship/International/germany.html>.

"SCHILTIGHEIM." : La Censure Postale Militaire Allemande. N.p., 2010. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://schiltigheim.blogspot.com/2008/07/la-censure-postale-militaire-allemande.html>.


http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/propaganda_and_world_war_one.htm

Media/censorship in Britain:

Evans, Richard. "Why We Should Remember the Bravery of World War One Journalists." Blogsindependentcouk. N.p., 21 June 2013. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://blogs.independent.co.uk/2013/06/21/why-we-should-remember-the-bravery-of-first-world-war-journalists/>.

Gardner, Frank. "Journalists Threatened With Execution in WW1." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zs9bwmn>.

Importance of Media and censorship during WW1?
-affected public opinion and involvement within war


-outcome of WW1 depended on country's strength


-strength depended on civilian involvement and recruitments
Media and censorship in Germany
-military took over censorship office in WW1

-harsher restrictions on materials

-anything anti-German was censored


Media and censorship in Germany
-Media used to incite hatred against Allies

-headlines from German newspapers read:


-dehumanized the enemy (Allies)

-encouraged people to help the war cause

-fought back against propaganda towards them

“French doctors infect German wells with plague germs”

“German prisoners blinded by Allied captors”

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