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Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night & Because I could not stop for Death

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Kriselda Carino

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night & Because I could not stop for Death

Significance For Us:
By: Laura, Kriselda and Karli
Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night
Because I Could Not Stop for Death
&
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
Introduction
By: Dylan Thomas
Main idea:
People should resist death at their last moment and not succumb to it acceptingly
Summary/ Poetry Analysis
Stanza 1:
“Do not go gentle into that good night”
means don't give into death so easily
Night is a
metaphor
for death
"Close of day" and "dying of the light" also
indicate death
Rave:
To talk wildly as if insane
To "rave" and "rage" is to be
angry, mad and frustrated
History
Published in 1951
Traveling with his family to Italy
Before the death of his father
eyesight and overall health were declining
Significance
Live life to the fullest
Do all you can
Will not die with regret
Death can be accepted
Summary/ Poetry Analysis
Stanza 1:
Personification of Death
, first, it introduces the topic, it is relatable, and by making him seem courteous,
one does not have to fear it, but go along with it
Death is made out to be a
gentle
figure, having him as a patient and kind soul allows for a calm demeanor form those who encounter him, and this introduces Dickinson's idea that
he should not be fought
Immortality is a passenger
along with Death and the speaker which suggests that Death will claim the speakers life but
another reason to not fight is because after death, immortality alludes to eternal life
History
Written in 1863, not published until 1980, which was 4 years after Dickinson had died
The American civil war began in 1861, so death in America was a pressing issue.
Weapons like the machine gun (1862) were invented to maximize force, making death prominent news
Wars were not just in America, Britain and China were at war (1856), and India was at war for its independence.
Enjoy life, live it in a way that makes us proud when we reminisce
This poem gives us hope for our eternal life
Death isn't something to be scared of, one can only look forward to what happens after
Because I could not stop for Death
By: Emily Dickinson
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
By: Dylan Thomas

Do not go gentle into that good night,
Old age should burn and rave at close of day;
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Though wise men at their end know dark is right,
Because their words had forked no lightning they
Do not go gentle into that good night.

Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright
Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight,
And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way,
Do not go gentle into that good night.

Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight
Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay,
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

And you, my father, there on the sad height,
Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray.
Do not go gentle into that good night.
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
Compare/ Contrast: Themes
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night:

Old age: People should cling onto life and fight against the inevitability of death
Transience: There are many more things people could do if they were able to live longer
If people have not lived a full life they should fight death to prolong their lives in order to accomplish more
Because I could not stop for Death:

Old age: People should be prepared to leave when they reminisce on their lives, death is not scary but a peaceful transfer to eternity.
Transience: Be proud of what you have accomplished and be prepared for what comes next
People should accept death and be satisfied with what they have fulfilled in their lifetime
Thomas is addressing his dying father in this poem (final stanza)
Encourages that people should put up a fight, struggle against death and cling onto life

People should not be so accepting but instead, "rage" and be furious about death
Stanza 2
Translation:
Although intelligent people know death is inevitable/ because they have yet to make a mark on the world/ they do not accept death
Stanza 3:
Lines 7-8
: men should be
shouting how great their actions might have been
had they lived longer and
fight the inevitability of death
"wave"= generation, waves hitting the shore= death, "green bay"/ "sea" = life
Stanza 4:
Life is
symbolized
by sunrise
Translation:
Men that celebrate life (sang the sun in flight)/ Later find themselves mourning about death (grieve [the sun] on its way)/ and do not fade quietly into death
Stanza 5:
Translation:
These dying men, although weakening and going blind/ can still summon up strength/ to rage against death
So in a sense, even though they're losing sight, can still "see" (
paradox
: "see with blinding sight" or
oxymoron
: "blinding sight")
Simile:
"Eyes... blaze like meteors" instead of blowing out like a candle mean they plan to go out with a bang
Stanza 6:
Father is on the verge of death "sad height"
Wants his father to cry passionately which is heartbreaking but means that his father is still alive
Doesn't want him to give into death but to rage and resist it
Form:
Villanelle which has 19 lines divided into 5 three-line stanzas and a sixth stanza with 4 lines
Because I could not stop for Death
by: Emily Dickinson

Because I could not stop for Death –
He kindly stopped for me –
The Carriage held but just Ourselves –
And Immortality.

We slowly drove – He knew no haste
And I had put away
My labor and my leisure too,
For His Civility –

We passed the School, where Children strove
At Recess – in the Ring –
We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –
We passed the Setting Sun –

Or rather – He passed us –
The Dews drew quivering and chill –
For only Gossamer, my Gown –
My Tippet – only Tulle –

We paused before a House that seemed
A Swelling of the Ground –
The Roof was scarcely visible –
The Cornice – in the Ground –

Since then – 'tis Centuries – and yet
Feels shorter than the Day
I first surmised the Horses' Heads
Were toward Eternity –
Stanza 2:
Saying that there was
“no haste”
could mean that death has a
natural pace
and doesn’t just claim lives unjustly, or not in due timing
Due to the fact that death isn’t rushed, the speaker decides to
give up worry and work
because of his civil decision to claim lives at the correct timing
Stanza 5:
This
pause
signifies the last stop on the journey through life, and the swelling of the ground will be her burial site
Another sign that this is her burial is that the
“Cornice”,
the tip of a roof, is in the ground, so is the rest of the house, her final resting place.
Stanza 4:
Symbol
of the rapidly approaching fate, suggesting that when the warmth of life passes one is left in the midst of a cold dark state
A “Gossamer” and “Tippet” are a thin gown and shawl which are
metaphors
for the little protection one has against Death
Stanza 3:
While they pass the fields, there is a
personification
of the grain by describing it as “gazing”, or staring at the carriage as it goes by, showing the speaker that this situation is important
The setting sun is a
metaphor
for the end of the speaker’s life, and how soon it will approach, yet the
anaphora
of “we passed” throughout may be a reminder of how slow the carriage moves and makes the speaker reflect on the life around her
Stanza 6:
this whole situation happened centuries ago, however the time has passed so quickly, and the
memory is significant
to the speaker still
ending on this image makes the whole idea of the poem clear,
the afterlife
the horses are physically pointing in the direction of
“eternity”
so this clarifies the theme

Summary/ Poetry Analysis
Because I could not stop for Death
by: Emily Dickinson

Because I could not stop for Death –
He kindly stopped for me –
The Carriage held but just Ourselves –
And Immortality.

We slowly drove – He knew no haste
And I had put away
My labor and my leisure too,
For His Civility –

We passed the School, where Children strove
At Recess – in the Ring –
We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain –
We passed the Setting Sun –

Or rather – He passed us –
The Dews drew quivering and chill –
For only Gossamer, my Gown –
My Tippet – only Tulle –

We paused before a House that seemed
A Swelling of the Ground –
The Roof was scarcely visible –
The Cornice – in the Ground –

Since then – 'tis Centuries – and yet
Feels shorter than the Day
I first surmised the Horses' Heads
Were toward Eternity –
References:
"Dylan Thomas." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
"World History Timeline: 1801 - 1850." History. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night Summary." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Cummings, Michael. "Because I Could Not Stop for Death." Cummingsstudyguides.net. 1 Jan. 2003. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Because I could not stop for Death Summary." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
"Dylan Thomas Reads "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night"" YouTube. YouTube. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
"Because I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson (read by Tom O'Bedlam)." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Significance:
Fun Fact
Interstellar

(2014) features the poem
Storyline:
Earth faces drought and famine and humankind is facing extinction so explorers search for another planet that may sustain life,
fighting for the survival of the human race
Similar theme:
Main characters believe in remaining strong and struggling against all odds even though the end draws near
Full transcript