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Transcript of Sweatshops
Workers work long hours
little to no pay
working environments/conditions are dangerous
harmful machinery or materials used
workers are often abused
workers not allowed to join trade unions
sweatshops violate many labour laws Who works in sweatshops? Young children, mostly girls
Young children are targets because they are vulnerable and defenseless
Easy to manipulate and deceive
Any age or gender can work though
Young girls highly favoured
Most products are shoes, clothing, toys, rugs, chocolate, and coffee. Why do people work
in sweatshops? Most workers live in economically and socially depressed countries, sweatshops offer jobs for them
They feel they have no other option
Children work to support their families
Families send their children to work in sweatshops because of bribery from contractors
Contractors end up denying children's promised wages
Inspectors call to let management in factories know when they are stopping by, this gives them enough time to hide evidence of child labour or slavery-like treatments
Workers often trained what to say when asked questions by inspectors
If workers don't obey, they are severely beaten Where are sweatshops located? Sweatshops located everywhere in the world
Especially prevalent in developing countries (Far Periphery nations)
Because they lack strong economic base
Mostly in Asia, Africa, Central & South America, some countries in Europe, and even in the US
Countries that hose highest number of sweatshops: India, China, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Thailand Some facts you
should know about sweatshops •85% of sweatshop workers are young women between the ages of 15-25.
•A sweatshop in Cambodia has only 3 toilets for about 2, 000 workers.
•22 million children die annually due to hazardous conditions in sweatshops.
•1/6 of the children in the world work at a sweatshop
•On average, a sweatshop worker earns about $200 a year
•The International Labour Organization has estimated that of the 250 million children, 61% in Asia, 32% in Africa and 7% in Latin America work in sweatshops.
•Sweatshop workers work 14-16 hours a day; that’s 80 hours per week
•For less than1% of Nike’s advertising budget, wages could be doubled for all workers making Nike university clothing. Which companies
are known to use
sweatshops? Abercrombie & Fitch
Pier 1 Imports
Topshop Looking into this global issue Why do
companies use sweatshops? What is
about sweatshops? Are they
successful? continuation... They are cheap
Bankruptcy will occur
If moved to places like Canada or US, companies would have to pay workers minimum wage
High wages= higher cost of product
Won't have much sales in return
Moving companies in developing countries will have more workers working for cheap wages
Economists, like Jeffrey Sachs, argue sweatshops provide jobs for poor people; allow economy of poor countries to strive Clean Clothes Campaign - International alliance of labor unions and non-governmental organizations
International Labor Rights Fund
International Labour Organization – A specialized agency of the United Nations
National Labor Committee - Founded to combat sweatshop labor and US government policy in El Salvador and Central America
Green America - Membership organization based in the United States
United Students Against Sweatshops – A student organization in the United States and Canada
Free the Children - A Canadian organization that helps raise awareness and put a stop to child labour who work in sweatshops.
Not for sale Campaign Yes, public is getting better educated
Helps consumers make better choices; avoid companies who utilize sweatshops
More money being funded to physically stop use of sweatshops
Companies embarrassed; they want to restore their reputation
Humiliation= cause companies to reduce or close down their sweatshops My opinion: Believe sweatshops can't be completely eliminated
Companies have most power to end the use of sweatshops
Companies are willfully blind or totally negligent
It's all about business and profits
Companies only get rid of sweatshops to please society and restore their reputation
Mandatory laws that force companies to label products if they are manufactured in sweatshops
Binding laws to pay all workers minimum wage
Violating these laws should be criminal, not illegal
Inspectors should have unexpected visits
Factories installed with independent monitoring programs Pictures and Graphs [The Ugly Truth] PLS 3373: International Political Economy Fall 2012 continuation... continuation ... The end Thanks for watching!