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Copy of Unit 3: Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care.
Transcript of Copy of Unit 3: Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care.
in health and social care.
Unit 3 - Legislation
Health and safety at work act 1974.
This act ensures that all employees should try and avoid manual handling
operations. Employees should plan and assess every lift, and try to take steps to reduce the risk. Eg not twisting, not lifting things from the floor, try and encourage independent moving, try to use lifting aids, keep the load close to your body and try to avoid repetitive lifts.
Manual handling operations
This act ensures that relevant information is stored safely, and only accurate and current information is stored. You are not allowed to hold information for too long. This act protects against unauthorised access to information and accidental destruction. After a person dies, records can be retained for eight years; children and maternity records must be kept until person is twenty five years of age.
Data Protection Act
This act ensure that all managers have a qualification in leadership and management within care services or are studying for one.
This act means that risks should be identified and then eliminated if possible or at least reduced. The care quality commission (CQC) must be informed if anything has happened that endangers the safety of the service users.
Care Home Regulations Act 2003
Under HASAWA the employers have the
responsibility for everyone on their premises. This can be the employees, workers from other organisations, visitors and service users. The employers must carry out risk assessments before opening. Their health and safety policy must be reviewed regularly. They must record all accidents/ incidents. They must provide safety equipment, information and training.
They must have insurance:
liability insurance is compulsory
public insurance is recommended.
The health and safety at work act 1974 HASAWA promotes the safety of individuals because it is making sure that the employers take responsibility for doing things correctly. If this is not done correctly they are completely liable.
This act ensures that risk assessments are completed, this ensures that the premises has reduced the risks.
This makes the individuals safer, if there are risks, they can be avoided.
Another reason this promotes the safety of the individual is by recording all accidents/incidents, this is promoting safety because if it has been recorded they can spot any trends of accidents and see if they are preventable.
This act promotes the safety of the individual,
because it promotes ways to reduce the
risk if you are moving objects. This promotes
the safety in many ways by trying to avoid the lift
and ways to make it less risky.
Reporting of all injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations (RIDDOR) 1995.
This act enforces reporting these to your local council, the health and safety executive or CQC. This includes deaths, major injuries, incidents leading to three or more days absent from work and dangerous occurrences. They need know why it happened, where it happened and how it happened. They then can advise how to reduce this risk in the future.
This promotes the safety of the individual because data about the individual is kept private and confidential, this information can only be seen if the person is authorised to do so.
Control Of Substances Hazardous To Health
Employers must assess risks associated
with hazardous substances and produce procedures to prevent and control hazards. They must ensure that the procedures are being followed. There must be plans in place to deal with incidents, emergency's and accidents.
This act covers the use, storage and disposal of any substances.
This act promotes the safety of
the individuals because the CQC will inspect against these standards. They require the managers of care establishments to be responsible for all health and safety within that home.
This act promotes the safety
of the individual because there is COSHH information on all substances. There will be risk assessments in place and employees have to follow controls that have been put in place. Also they will need to use any protective equipment necessary. Substances need to be stored correctly eg. away from where children can gain access; labelled correctly eg. not putting bleach in a lemonade bottle; and disposed of correctly eg. using the appropriate bags or containers.
The independent safeguarding authority
(ISA) introduced the vetting and barring scheme.
The vetting scheme is a policy that enables the employer to check people before you employ them, this can be a DBS check.
It is the employers responsibility to get this done. The barring scheme enables people to be banned from certain types of work, e.g. working with adults with learning disabilities, children and the elderly.
People can be banned if they have a criminal record which may put vulnerable people at risk.
Enhanced disclosure- it is an offense to work,
or apply for work, if previously convicted or you are banned from work.
This promotes the safety of the individual
because it bans people from working if they have been previous convictions. This also promotes the safety of the individual because they know all the staff have had a DBS check and are safe to work.
It also means that you cannot start work if your DBS hasn't been processed, therefore no one will be able to start work unless fully checked. Every person has gone through this who wants to apply for health and social care work so the individuals know that everyone has been checked and they are safe.
Employers have a duty to refer to the ISA regarding information about individuals working with vulnerable adults or children where they consider them to have caused harm or pose a risk of harm.
There are many things that influence the safety
of the individual, some of these are extended staff training, CPD and the use of facilities.
Policies and Procedures.
Every employer has to have policies and
procedures. The health and safety procedures
are mandatory. These include safeguarding policies, moving & handling, infection control, fire prevention, staff uniform, cleaning, storage of food stuffs, food hygiene and first aid.
Things are put in place to promote these
policies and procedures, such as posters,
guest speakers, activities and awareness days.
Roles and responsibilities.
Employers and employees have roles and responsibilities to fulfill, this is following policies and procedures to a correct and acceptable standard. Caring out risk assessments and if there is a risk trying to minimize it, this could be little things like taping wires to the floor so they are less of a hazard, because people with mobility problems may not be able to step over them. this is the employees responsibility, therefore they are promoting the safety of the individual by minimising risks.
Other roles and responsibilities could be working with other people to ensure the service user feels safe and the premisis is secure, maintaining records safely, keeping confidentially, and backing records up in case of accidental destruction, and keeping them selves safe.
Roles and Responsibilities
Employers and employees have large responsibilities, these can be:-
following safety and security procedures to a correct and satisfactory standard,
completing risk assessments and trying to reduce the risk, eg taping wires to the floor
Maintaining records correctly is a responsibility because you may be teaching inexperienced staff how to correctly maintain records
Working with others to ensure safety and security is a vital responsibility to make sure you are safe and to ensure that other people are safe, this could include the service users, visitors to the premises and other staff members.
Using the policies look for the key points and present this to the group