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The Louisiana Purchase
Transcript of The Louisiana Purchase
In 1682 Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, claims all territory, drained by the Mississippi from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, for France and names it Louisiana. In 1718 New Orleans is founded... future home of Super Bowl champions the
, and and...
So the American victory in the Revolutionary War did three things. 1) It acknowledged America's independence and 2) Gave the
south of the
& east of the Mississippi River. In addition, the American War for Independence also ended with Britain returning Florida back to
, in the Treaty of Versailles, 1783.
Oh, and the third thing...
Napoleon Bonaparte seizes power in
-Sell time share in Elba.
Perhaps the greatest real estate deal ever...
828,000 square miles for less than
3 cents per acre!!!
The territory of Louisiana remained under the
control of France despite the area being dually claimed by Spain. Nonetheless, after
French defeat in the seven years war, in
1763 the control of Louisiana went to Spain which included the very important port city of New Orleans. France's bad luck is still present today, as seen in their World Cup and Euro Cup appearances...
For the American's the Great War For Empire
or Seven Years war did two things that would
later lead to the largest territorial gain in our
July 4th 1776 a Declaration of Independents is adopted by congress in America, and the American revolution follows, pitting the American colonist against the world superpower, Great Britain. The war lasted until September of 1783 when the US and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Paris. America was victorious.
apoleon, after taking power in France, desired to restore the French presence in the new continent, of which it had relinquished all of it's lands after defeat of the Seven Years War. The port city of New Orleans and Louisiana territories west of the Mississippi were ceded to Spain and French lands east of the river, to include Canada went to Great Britain. (which was in turn ceded to the American colonies in later in 1783).
But this all changed when in 1802 King Charles IV of Spain signed a decree transferring the Louisiana territory west of the Mississippi and the city of New Orleans back to France in exchange for Eturia, a small kingdom in Italy...
But Napoleon's plan to re-establish and expand his empire would unravel quickly...
Feb, 1803: Napoleon decides to send troops
to New Orleans instead of Saint Domingue.
Mar, 1803: Military expedition to New Orleans is canceled.
May 18, 1803: Britain declares war on France.
Napoleon had not played the Global Domination Game of Risk...or or did he... His armies did have over 50 victories
- Attack everyone at once... It'll be fine.
- N. Bonaparte
Which Finally leads us to The Louisiana Purchase
Because he was unable to maintain France's claim in North America, Napoleon decides to
sell the territory of Louisiana and New Orleans to
America, who sought initially only to purchase the
city of New Orleans. This purchase took place during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson and involved 828,000 sq miles of land for a total of
$15 million dollars. Still, the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 would still have to face a constitutional argument that threatened to bar the transaction.
There was domestic opposition to the
purchase, and Jefferson himself admits that the US Constitution didn't contain within it the ability to acquire new territory in this way but still he went forth with the purchase- in order to remove France's presence in the region and to protect US trade interest through New Orleans.
Ceremony at Place d' Armes, New Orleans, 1804, marking the transfer of Louisiana to the United States.
Departing from St.Louis
in 1804, by which they were
commissioned by Thomas Jefferson to do, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
explored and mapped the territories gained from the recent Louisiana Purchase, in order to establish an American presence and discover a water route to the Pacific. This Expadition lasted from 1804 to 1806.
The lands produced by the Louisiana Purchase
make up today's states of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Nebraska and parts of Minnesota, N. Dakota, S. Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming and Colorado.
by Jesse W. Parker
Midnight In Paris soundtrack
; Je Suis Seul Ce Soir.
Henretta, James A., Rebecca Edwards, and Robert O. Self. America:
A concise history, Vol. 1: to 1877. 5th ed., Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2012
U.S. History: Pre-Columbian to the New Millennium. Westward expansion: the louisiana purchase.
www.ushistory.org/us/20c.asp. Copyright 2008-2014
Owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia.
Office of the Historian., U.S. Department of State. The united states and the haitian revolution, 1791-1804.
The money spent for the purchase of the french
Louisiana territory was 50 million francs
or 11.25 million dollars, plus the cancellation
of debt worth 18 million francs or 13 million
dollars. As of 2013 the price per acre still only comes out less than 42 cents per acre.
To better understand the reasons for such a
great price it is essential to know the history
leading up to this event.
In summary the Louisiana purchase more than doubles the geographical mass of the united states by over two times its size at the time of the deal. Although there were no provisions laid out in the United States Constitution for acquiring land in this manor Jefferson went forth with it anyways allowing America to expand further west. Ultimately the new states and territories carved from this land along with future issues of slavery would lead the young nation to civil war..
The Louisiana Purchase
Jesse W. Parker
American Military University
Linda Rhodes-Swartz, Instructor
22 February 2014
By aiding the American colonies in their war for independence against Great Britain, French debt rose and the Treaty of Versailles didn't award France as expected...combined with many other factors led to the French revolution which lasted from 1789 til 1799 when, through the Coup of 18 Brumaire, the Consulate was established by Napoleon Bonaparte.
For the Louisiana purchase, the US Government used $3 million in gold
for a down payment.
The US issued bonds to pay France for the balance
Napoleon used the money from the sale of Louisiana to fund his invasion of Britain.
Haiti, known during the time as Saint Domingue, a sugar plantation island in the Caribbean and France's greatest wealth producing colony, experienced in 1790, in tune with the French Revolution, a slave revolt that would continue until 1803 when the French would be defeated at the battle of Vertieres. January 1, 1804 Saint Domingue became the independent country of Haiti.
It was this revolt in Haiti along with a pending war with Britain and a little yellow fever, that would contribute to and eventually stop Napoleon from effectively reestablishing a worthy presence in North America.
His expaditionary force, ordered to New Orleans, were needed more in Saint Domingue than New Orleans and because of this Napoleons remaining troop to the north would be unabe to defend against british attack should one take place.
Coupled with British naval control of the Atlantic and the rising situation in the Caribbean, Napoleon had to abandon his impirical desires on the continent.