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Jamaica

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by

Hybia McCain

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Jamaica

Jamaica Jamaica is the 4th largest island of the Greater Antilles and is located in the Caribbean Sea. Jamaica is the 5th largest island country in the Caribbean.

Jamaica was once known as Santiago when it was under Spanish possession. In 1655 it was ruled by England and its name was changed to Jamaica. It wasn't until August 6, 1962 when the country gained its independence. Jamaica's primary language is English. Jamaicans mostly speak an English-African Creole language known as Jamaican Patois which is also known as broken English. Jamaican Patois was formed from mostly English words with re-formed grammar, with vocabulary from African languages and Native American words. Language in Jamaica today reflects the history of the country’s interaction with many different cultures and languages from alot of ethnic, linguistic, and social backgrounds. Religion in Jamaica:
64% Christian
2% Jehovah's Witnesses
3% unstated
10% other The category other refers to the growing 24,020 Rastafarians, about 5,000 Muslims, 1,453 Hindus, and about 350 Jews Religion has a big influence on the people of Jamaica. People behave, eat, drink, and act according to their religion. The island was built upon Christian principles with the belief in the Christian God. Jamaicans still pray in schools, teach their children to pray, worship on Sunday, and have our traditional rice and peas and chicken after Sunday service.

Jamaicans also still use biblical principles to raise their children. They teach them to love one another, respect their elders, use good manners, and to treat others the way they want to be treated. Even if a person isn't Christian they have similar values and believe in whatever their religion follows. The most popular form of music in Jamaica is Reggae. However, folk music was very popular in the early 1900s. Entering the 20th century, jazz emerged and started to become popular in the country. Getting into the 1950s, Ska (Caribbean music mixed with calypso) became popular. In the 1960s and up until now, reggae has been the most popular music in Jamaica. Reggae has been dispersed all throughout the world and later formed into rap music. Jamaican women are usually seen washing, cooking and cleaning and they spend more time than man raising the children. Jamaican art dates back to Jamaica's indigenous Taino Indians who created zemis, carvings of their gods, for ritual spiritual purposes. Jamaican art depicts Jamaican everyday life. This is expressed by sculptures, paintings, collage and craft works. Jamaicans are modest and conservative dressers. The display of skin is frowned upon generally. The people in Jamaica wear colorful robes which are draped over soft linen underneath. They wear this typical clothing along with hats which match their robes. The younger generation of jamaicans are usually dressed in skimpy clothes with a range of different colors that match their type of style. More than half of Jamaica are christian and there are churches on almost every corner. In most places where the is a church, the violence in that area is low because almost everyone is brought up in the church. Jamaican art is a rich melange of sources and styles, forming an endlessly fascinating cultural kaleidoscope. It is vibrant and full of spirit. It reflects the lively mix of races, social levels and cultural sources. Woman in Jamaica are mostly responsible for cooking, cleaning, washing and taking care of the kids. Traditional clothing for women in Jamaica consists of a dress or skirt and top which made from calico fabrics. Bright colors are an element that is present throughout traditional and modern Jamaican attire. Modernly, a lot of people simply wear t-shirts and shorts along with different colors that match their taste.
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