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Chester A. Arthur 21st President
Transcript of Chester A. Arthur 21st President
the United States Chester
Arthur POLITICAL HISTORY served 3.46 years in office 21st President of the United States of America VICE PRESIDENT(S): NONE... FIRST LADY: Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur One of his famous
quotes... "I may be president of the United States,
but my private life is nobody's damned business." QUICK
BIO Chester Alan Arthur was the second
son of Malvina (Stone) Arthur and the
Reverend William Arthur (Baptist
abolitionist preacher from Ireland). Born in Fairfield, Vermont Chester A. Arthur attended
school in Union Village,
and later Union College in
Schenectady, where he showed
more interest in extracurricular
activities and politics than
his studies. Arthur spent more time on his
social life and political career
than with his family.
His wife, Ellen, died in 1880,
and Arthur entered
the White House a widower. Arthur died on November 17,
1886, at the age of 57, after
suffering a cerebral hemorrhage. After the Civil War, Chester A. Arthur became an associate of Republican Party boss.
Arthur, with his superb organization and administration skills, helped deliver support to the Conklin political machine.
As collector of the New York Customs House, he overstaffed positions with political operatives who were loyal to Conklin.
In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes attempted to reform the patronage system and ousted Chester A. Arthur from office. As payback, Conklin arranged for Arthur to be on the Republican ticket with presidential nominee James A. Garfield in 1880.
Six months after his inauguration, Garfield was assassinated, and Arthur subsequently became the 21st
presidentof the United States. History of U.S from 1881-1885 January 25, 1881 - Thomas Edison
and Alexander Graham Bell form the
Oriental Telephone Company. July 2, 1881 - The 20th President of the United States, James A. Garfield, is shot by lawyer Charles J. Guiteau in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C. He would die two months later on September 19, 1881 from an infection and be succeeded in the presidency by Vice President Chester Arthur on September 20. March 22, 1882 - The practice of polygamy is outlawed by legislation in the United States Congress..... unfortunately..... May 24, 1883 - The Brooklyn Bridge is opened. It was constructed under a design by German-American Johann A. Roebling and required fourteen years to build. November 18, 1883 - Five standard time zones are established by the United States and Canadian railroad companies to end the confusion over thousands of local time zones. February 21, 1885 - The Washington Monument is dedicated at a ceremony by President Chester A. Arthur. The obelisk was completed under federal auspices after construction had been started by private concerns thirty-seven years earlier in 1848. March 3, 1885 - American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) is incorporated in New York City as a subsidiary of American Bell Telephone Company. June 17, 1885 - The Statue of Liberty arrived for the first time in New York harbor. Top 5 Cabinet Members Secretary of State James G. Blaine 1881 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen 1881–1885 Secretary of Treasury William Windom 1881 Charles J. Folger 1881–1884 Walter Q. Gresham 1884 5 Laws passed during his time... 1883 Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
Chinese Exclusion Act
Foran Act BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS:
Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 2. Danbury: Scholastic, 2006. 402+. Print.
Anderson, Mary A. The World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Chicago, IL: World Book, 2009. 754-56. Print.
De, Gregorio William A. The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents. Sixth ed. Ft. Lee, NJ: Barricade, 2005. 306-16. Print.
"America's Best History U.S. Timeline, The 1880's." America's Best History U.S. Timeline, The 1880's. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.
"Chester Arthur Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.
"Chester A. Arthur Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.