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Transcript of LAS 301
Dynamics of Conflict and Displacement
a. How can displacement be prevented?
b. How is the displacement process going to end?
c. What solutions does the displaced population desire?
d. How is it possible to support communities of displaced persons?
Internally displaced persons:
people or groups of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of, or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural- or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an international border Forced Displacement in Colombia
Causes of Displacement
-Direct threats from illegal groups, both guerrilla and new illegal armed groups. These actions account for 43,7% of internal displacement.
-Massacres account for 11,7%.
-Assassinations of family members are responsible for 11%.
-Direct combats between the parties in the armed conflict displace 10,5% of the total IDP population.
-Assassinations of neighbors or friends account for 7,4%.
-Indirect threats for 6,5%.
-Forced recruitment for 3,5%.
According to data from the UNHCR there were some 42 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2008.
Adults between 18 and 59 years constitute the majority of refugees and asylum-seekers (51%) and IDPs (52%) but only 38 per cent of returned refugees
The UNHCR protected and assisted 14.4 million IDPs in 2008
Colombia has the largest number of IDPs with more than 3 million
Internal Displacement Monitoring Center Total of 4,915,579 Who is affected?
-women and children % almost all Afro-colombian and indigenous population
have been affected by ongoing conflicts
.46 of displaced households are led by women
.38 of IDPs are under the age of 18
5.2 children on average per displaced family State Response:
1) Sentence T-025 of 2004
- Bill of Basic Rights of Displaced Persons
Solutions! 1. Resettlement
2. Permanent Integration Mechanisms
3.Voluntary repatriation Sources:
declared the a "state of
regard to the displaced
population. 2) Decision C-278 of 2007
Analyzes the significance and scope of the state obligation on the subject of humanitarian assistance to this -education
-participation "realization of rights index"