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Transcript of Oscar Wilde
Enrolled at the Portora Royal School
Enrolled at Magdalen College
Won Newdigate Prize
"Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing that is worth knowing can be taught."
Arrived in New York
Sailed to America
Married Constance Lloyd,
had two sons: Cyril and Vyvyan
Sailed to England
Met Lord Alfred Douglas, they had a romantic relationship.
Wilde sued Marquees of Queensberry (Lord Alfred's father) for criminal libel after the Marquees called him a sodomite. 1895
Wilde was tried at Old Bailey Court--the Marquees counter sued saying Oscar corrupted his son into having an affair with him.
Wilde was found guilty for being gay (a crime back then) and was sent to Reading Gaol
October 16 1854
Wilde dies of Meningitis
November 30 1900
In the 1850, London was developing its business, by building new industries, new docks along the
river Thames, new railways, streets and buildings but, at the same time, it was destroying the same
city. In fact, the new industries used to run with coal as combustible, and it upgraded the level of
pollution. The smog blackened the houses and the lungs of the people causing a lot of disease.
The Happy Prince and Other Stories
The working classes:
This class was composed by men and women who performed physical labor, paid daily or weekly
wages. These were the people who benefited most from the booming Victorian economy – their wages rose.
The lowest class:
The 'lowest class' comprised about a quarter of urban populations. People were in deep poverty
and living in squalid, even deadly slum conditions.
Some of these people were unemployed, some were criminals, all lived a precarious existence
"I have nothing to declare but my Genius" O.W.
Rich people did not have this problem. They used to solve it by taking holidays in the countryside, far away from the smog and the illness of industrial London, but the problem was unsolvable for poor people. They could not leave the city, because of their work, so they had to live in a city where the air was black, and as they had no money, they had to live in very small houses in cramped
streets, in the suburbs of the city. These homes would share toilet facilities and there were always smell of manure. Disease as cholera and typhoid was spread through contaminated water supply,causing a large amount of deaths.
The aristocracy: in the 19th-century the aristocracy had an amazing power and was reinforced by the new aristocrats who owed their success to commerce, industry, and the professions.
The aristocrats also head Britain's social life. On their country estates, they go hunting, shooting and fishing.
The middle class:
The middle class was a fairly small group of professionals, factory owners, businessmen, merchants and bankers. In those years it expanded very rapidly and split into two different groups:
• The upper middle class which was divided between professionals (doctors, lawyers) and
• The lower middle class (professional managers). As government passed more and more laws,
civil servants – working in both central and local government – multiplied. London became a city full of clerks