Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Zora Neale Hurston

A timeline for ENG 5394
by

Nicole Bouchard

on 21 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston
Pre-1920's
1940's
and 50's

The
1940s
and the
1950s
were a period of relative decline for Hurston. Though she experienced moderate literary success with Seraph on the Suwanee (
1948
), she also had a number of novels, including Mrs. Doctor and Barney Turk, rejected by publishers. Since she was not able to support herself through her writing, she even had to work as a maid for a brief time. At the time of her death in
1960
, she was living off of welfare.
Zora's Legacy
The
1920s
is the period in which Hurston became a recognized writer. In
1924
, Opportunity, a journal run by Charles S. Johnson, published Hurston's short story "Drenched in Light." One month later, Hurston moved to New York, became a significant member of the Harlem Renaissance, publishing a number of short stories and plays. She also met Charlotte Osgood Mason, who became her patron and whose tenuous relationship with Hurston both funded Hurston's most prominent research on folklore and hoodoo and prevented her from publishing it until later in life.
Zora Neale Hurston
The Harlem Renaissance
Mason served as Hurston's patron between
1927-1932
. Mason was fascinated with the black arts and supported many black artists during the Harlem Renaissance. Hurston and Mason had an unusually close friendship, but it became continually more strained throughout Hurston's early career.
Charlotte Osgood Mason
Langston Hughes
Carl Van Vechten was one of Hurston's closest confidants. Van Vechten was a prominent supporter of Negro rights and was a purveyor of Negro Art. Hurston and Van Vecten enjoyed a long friendship, during which he shot many of Hurston's most iconic photos.
Carl Van Vechten
Alain Locke was the department chair of philosophy at Howard University from
1918
to
1953
. Hurston was a student under Locke during her time at Howard. Hurston and Locke eventually came into conflict, inciting Hurston to write the scathing essay "The Chick with One Hen" against Locke.
Alain Locke
Cullen was a contemporary of Hurston's. Cullen shared with Langston Hughes the prodigious title of poet laureate of Harlem. Cullen autographed the photo seen here for Carl Van Vechten.
Countee Cullen
W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois was the editor of the official publication of the NAACP, Crisis. Du Bois acted as one of the most influential members of the Harlem Renaissance, working as a statesman, scholar, and activist for African American rights. Hurston and Du Bois regularly clashed due to his bourgeois attitudes.
Johnson was the editor and founder of Opportunity, which published Hurston's "John Redding Goes to Sea". Johnson was one of the first members of the Harlem Renaissance to show interest in Hurston's work. He often invited Hurston to important dinners, which allowed Hurston to make connections, and he encouraged her work.
Langston Hughes emerged to become one of the most influential members of the Harlem Renaissance. A poet of great and striking ability, Hughes was a naturally gifted writer and collaborated with Hurston on several projects, such as the short lived magazine Fire!!. The two were very close friends for a short time until the failed collaboration of the play "Mule Bone" ended the friendship.
Charles S. Johnson
1912
Zora age 21 with her brother Robert (Bob)'s family. His wife Wilhemina is seated with their infant son on her lap.
Personal
1906
Zora's father, John Hurston, and Zora's stepmother.
This photo was taken by Hurston during her folk collecting expedition. This Floridian porch is reminiscent of porch scenes throughout Hurston's corpus of work, especially in Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Polk County: Store Front Porch
Lewis was the last survivor of the last slave ship that traveled to America. Hurston drove to Mobile, Alabama to interview Lewis for the essay "Cudjo's Own Story of the Last African Slaver", for which Hurston was given much praise, but biographer Robert Hemenway revealed that Hurston plagiarized her essay from a previous source.
Cudjo Lewis
Context
Portrait of Zora's parents, Lucy and John Hurston
c1891
Zora's family. Zora is likely the child in the highchair on the right.
c1915
Zora sits with her nieces Wilhemina and Winifred and her nephew Edgar, children of her brother Bob.
Locke makes a brief appearance
(9:43) in this
1933
silent film
that focuses on Negro art.
Hughes reading "Weary Blues"
in
1958
.

Barnard Footage
This is a collection of Barnard College's student activities during its earliest years (
1889-1929
).
The father of American anthropology, Franz Boas was a teacher and mentor to Hurston at Barnard. Hurston affectionately referred to him as "Papa Franz" and was heavily influenced by his care. One of the central tenants of Boas's anthropological theory was a rejection of myths of racial superiority. Boas's ideology can be found in Hurston's writing.
Franz Boas
Ruth Benedict
Benedict was another anthropologist serving a professorship at Barnard during Hurston's enrollment. Benedict created several pamphlets and essays that addressed the equality of the races. There was lengthy correspondence between the two ladies that lasted for close to two decades.
As founder and trustee of Barnard College, Meyer helped Hurston to attend the women's school at Columbia. Meyer was also a prolific writer and an advocate for the NAACP.
Annie Nathan Meyer
Fannie Hurst was already one of America's most talented authors when she met Hurston. Hurst was an advocate for African American rights, which connected her to Harlem and Hurston. Hurston briefly worked as Hurst's secretary, but was quickly fired. However, the two continued to be life
long friends.
Fannie Hurst
c1895
Founder of Eatonville, Joe Clarke, on the porch of his house.
Personal Life
Photo series by Carl Van Vechten,
1940
Sanford, FL preachers and their churches, including John Hurston and his church Zion Hope Baptist.
c1895
The porch of Joe Clarke's store were the residents of Eatonville would gather to tell stories.
Zora Neale Hurston was
born in
1891
in Notasulga, AL.
Shortly, thereafter, her family moved to Eatonville, FL, a place that would inspire much of her later work. At the age of 13, Hurston's mother died and her father remarried, a situation which left Hurston homeless. The time between age 13 and Hurston's enrollment at Howard are considered
her "dark years." Here is what we
know about Hurston's life
from birth to Howard.
Frank and Jane Tannenbaum,
anthropologists who assisted Zora in her South Carolina expedition. Both worked at Columbia University,
1940
Press Photo for Seraph on the Suwanee,
1948
Zora Conducting Research in South Carolina,
1940
Dust Tracks wins the Saturday Review's
Ainisfield Award for Racial Relations,
1943
The prize is $1,000.
Holographic Typescript of Dust Tracks,
1942
An autographed copy of
Seraph gifted to her
brother Everette,
1948
Handmade Christmas card to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings and Norton Baskin,
December 1948
In December
1927
Hurston signed a contract with Charlotte Mason, which enabled her Southern folk collecting expedition. One of Hurston's interests was in Hoodoo rituals. The following portrait illustrates one of the rites she took to become a hoodoo practitioner.
Miami Herald,
March 27, 1950
Folk Tale and Hoodoo Collecting
Zora in Eau Gallie,
1954
1920's
Hurston attended Barnard between
1925-1927
, studying anthropology with Franz Boas.
Barnard
Howard
Hurston attended Howard University between
1919-1924
. She graduated with an associates degree in 1920.
Zora's last known letter. She is writing to Harper Brothers Publishers, hoping that they will be interested in her life of Herod the Great.
Jan 16, 1959
Last known photo
of Zora,
1959
Context
Zora's Ft. Pierce home where she lived from
1958
until her death. It was made a national historic landmark in
1991
.
Ruby McCollum,
subject of the infamous
1952
murder trial that was covered by Hurston.
Lucy Anne Hurston, the only surviving heir
Alice Walker's famous rediscovery of Hurston has led to renewed interest in Zora's works.
Selected scenes from Patricia McGregor's production of SPUNK, stories by Zora Neale Hurston, adapted by George C. Wolfe, music by Chic Street Man.
2012
Alice Walker reads from her favorite passage of Their Eyes Were Watching God. Also present are Sonia Sanchez, Ruby Dee, and Lucy Ann Hurston.
2012
Zora Fest in Eatonville, Fla.
January 28, 2012
The
1930s
mark the peak of
Hurston's literary career. She
traveled to Florida, New Orleans, and Haiti to research folk practices and rituals of these locales. She also published numerous works including Jonah's Gourd Vine (
1934
), Mules and Men (
1935
), and Their Eyes Were Watching God (
1937
). Furthermore, the
1930s
were the time in which Hurston escaped from the patronage of C. O. Mason and began to step
out on her own.
Hurston's letter of interest for Barnard.
Hurston's Barnard Transcript
1935
Lomax Expedition, Belle Glade, Florida. (Hurston is in bottom frame, enlarged on the right.)

The only edition of Fire !! was published
December

1926
.
1935
Lomax Expedition, Belle Glade, Florida. (Hurston is in top frame, enlarged on the right.)
Photographs of
Hurston taken by
Carl Van Vechten,
November 9,

1934
.
Herbert Sheen
On
May 27, 1927
, Hurston married Herbert Sheen, a doctor from Chicago. The marriage dissolved quickly; the two separated by
January

1928
and divorced in
July

1931
. Sheen eventually created Sheenway School and Culture Center located in Los Angles.
1935
Photographs of Hurston taken by Prentiss Taylor.
Hurston with Rochelle French (left) and Gabrielle Brown (right) in Eatonville, Florida,
June

1935
. Hurston worked with Alan Lomax and Mary Elizabeth Barnicle on this expedition to collect folk music.
Anthropological Work
Hurston poses for Prentiss Taylor while doing the crow dance (
1935
).
Hurston's set design for Act I, Scene II of Spunk (
1935
), which was based on her
1925
short story with the same name.
Hurston dancing with children in
1935
.
Hurston among children during her
1935
visit to Eatonville.
Hurston at the New York
Book Fair in
1937
.
This photo of Hurston appears in Nancy Cunard's
1934
anthology entitled Negro.
A
1935
portrait of Hurston taken by Carl Van Vechten.
Hurston at a North Carolina College for Negroes football game,
1939
.
Hurston beating
a drum in
1937
Personal
Folklore and Anthropology
The Harlem Renaissance (Publications)
More on Barnard
Writers
Family
In Memorium
Scholarship
Inspired by Hurston
1930's
Contemporaries
Langston Hughes (a prominent writer, member of the Harlem Renaissance, and friend of Hurston's) and Louise Thompson traveling on a boat.
Louise Thompson, educated at UC Berkeley, worked as a secretary for Hughes and Hurston during their collaboration on the play Mule Bone.
Dorothy West: Writer and member of the Harlem Renaissance.
Mary McLeod Bethune: President of Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, where Hurston was hired to start a school of dramatic arts in
1934
.
Richard Wright, an author and social activist, criticized Hurston for focusing enough on race issues in her fiction.
Hurston attempts to discuss Dust Tracks, her recently published autobiography, but the interviewer continues to raise questions about the zombie mentioned in Mules and Men,
1943

Henry Allen Moe: Director of the Guggenheim Foundation, from which Hurston received fellowships in
1936
and
1937
Playwrights Paul Green and Richard Wright. The two collaborated on a stage adaptation of Native Son.

J.B. Lippincott & Co. published three of Hurston's four published novels as well as Mules as Men, Tell My Horse, and Dust Tracks on a Road.
Langston Hughes and Nancy Cunard (heiress and writer). Hurston contributed two essays to Cunard's Negro: An Anthology.
Hurston spent the last few years of her life in Ft. Pierce, living in a new subdivision developed by Dr. Clem C. Benton. Benton, a friend of Hurston's, allowed her to stay in her house rent free.
Employers
Photos
Letters and Manuscripts
Toni Morrison
Hurston's gravesite as it
looks today
Southern Literary Journal is dedicated to
publishing Hurston
scholarship.
Zora writing in Eau Gallie,
1951
Hurston as a young woman.
Crisis, the official publication of the NAACP was founded in 1910 and edited by DuBois. This is the
March 1923
edition.
Zora's legacy cannot be
measured. After her rediscovery by Alice Walker in
1975
, Hurston has gone on to influence a number of writers including Maya Angelou, Toni Morrison, and Gloria Naylor. She also has also become a recognized part of the American literary canon. Numerous scholars are dedicated to studying her work, and the Southern Literary Journal has a mission to publish articles on Hurston. She is also celebrated annually
in Eatonville, FL.
Opportunity was the official publication of the National Urban League. It ran from 1923 to 1949 and was edited by Charles Johnson until 1928. This edition is from
July 1926
.
Gloria Naylor
Full transcript