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Edgar Allan Poe
Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe
Born into poverty and orphaned at the age of two when his mother died and father left them
Both parents were British actors
Separated from his siblings and taken in by the Allan family
Attended the University of Virginia
John Allan stopped supporting him due to Poe's gambling debts
Dropped out of college and enlisted in the United States Army
Expelled from West Point Military Academy
Broken engagement to Sarah Elmira due to her family's disapproval of Poe
Married his 13 year old cousin Virginia Clemm
Devastated after her death from tuberculosis
Alcoholism and depression developed
Poet, magazine writer, and editor
Achieved fame after writing "The Raven"
Never achieved fortune due to gambling and drinking
Known for originating the detective tale
Commonly referred to as the master of terror and suspense
Directly inspired Alfred Hitchcock
40 years old when he died, penniless and alone
Mysterious death - found outside a tavern muttering incoherently
Causes? Brain fever, drugs, alcohol, cholera?
"I do believe God gave me a spark of genius, but he quenched it in misery."
a story constructed to achieve "a certain unique or single effect."
every character, detail, and incident in a story should contribute to this effect
"no word written that is not to the one preestablished design"
Effect vs. affect = effect – noun, affect – verb
A high test grade has a positive EFFECT on my mood. The low test grade AFFECTED my mood.
Effect vs. Affect
supernatural events to create an eerie feeling
Poe = a "dark" Romantic
invented detective story
father of short story (with Hawthorne)
expanded science fiction genre and the psychological horror story