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Cannabis Science

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by

Jordan Baker

on 26 April 2014

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Transcript of Cannabis Science

Cannabis Science
Arts District Healing Center
Cannabinoids
Male
Male
Female
Female
THC
Tetrahydrocannabinol
Psychoactive,
anti-nausea, sedative, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory.

CBD
CBN
Cannabinol

Results from the oxidation of THC, therefore not typically found within an undisturbed cannabis plant. Sedative, antibiotic

CBC
CBG
The male cannabis plant grows to produce
seeds to pollinate female flowers.
Most of the males energy is put toward producing pollen not flower.
The female produces flowers
to attract pollen.
Most of the female energy is put toward attracting pollen and protection
from predators.
In order to protect herself and make herself more attractive, the female cannabis plant produces far more medicinal properties within her
flower clusters.
Each flower consists
vegetation known as a 
calyx
.
Calyx cluster together to form a flower designed to catch pollen.
Each calyx is coated in gland cells called 
trichomes
. The delicate top is called the resin head, a waxy pocket of chemical compounds.

The
resin head
is filled with
cannabinoids and terpenes
.

Resin heads release cannabinoids and terpenes.
Terpenes
provide effect, smell and flavor.
Cannabinoids
activate receptors.
Intro to Cannabis
Cannabis
strains vary in their effects and can have specific medical benefits for patient needs.
Each strain has different levels of terpenes and cannabinoids.
This combination of
cannabinoid and terpenoid
interaction is called an

entourage effect

which is specific
to each strain.
Cannabinoids heighten
the brain’s ability to absorb the pharmacological impact of terpenes. 
Canabinoids are a class of chemical compounds
that activate
CB1 an CB2
receptors in the brain and body.

CB1 Receptor

Responsible for the euphoric and anticonvulsive effects. Found in the brain and central nervous system.


CB2 Receptor

Responsible for anti-inflammatory
and possibly other therapeutic effects. Found in the immune system
Cannabidiol
Anti-anxiety, prevents memory loss from THC, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anti-tumor.
Cannabichromene
Found in tropical strains.  Increases some side effects of THC. Potent, antibacterial, and rare.
Cannabigerol
Used by cannabis plant to make THC, CBD, and CBC.
Anti-inflammatory, antibiotic.
Terpenes

The interaction of terpenes with cannabinoids is responsible for why different cannabis strains possess different medicinal effects.
Myrcene
Limonene
Linalool
Limonene has been shown to decrease anxiety and depression.
αPinene is anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, memory aid and is a bronchodilator in humans.


Linalool is anesthetic, anti-convulsant, analgesic, and anti-anxiety.
Myrcene is anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and used in the treatment of spasms, insomnia, and pain. Myrcene has been shown to increase the maximum saturation level of the CB1 receptor, allowing for a greater maximum psychoactive effect.
Beta-caryophyllene
Pinene
Terpenes
are a large and diverse class of organic compounds produced by a variety of plants. More than 200 terpenoids have been identified in Cannabis. The most common and most studied include limonene, myrcene, alpha-pinene, linalool and beta-caryophyllene.
Terpenes exhibit
a wide variety of pharmacological effects and interact with cannabinoids.
Beta-Caryophyllene is anti-inflamitory, analgesic and protects cells lining the digestive tract.
Overview
Full transcript