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History of Photography
Transcript of History of Photography
In the early 1800s, scientific discoveries in both optics and chemistry converged to produce the new art form of photography
Multiple individuals led to advancements with this medium
Niépce was a French chemist who created the first surviving photograph in 1826
The image of the courtyard of his home was exposed to a pewter plate for eight hours
Niécpe, "View from His Window at Gras," 1826
Niépce's collaborator, Daguerre, invented a more practical process of photography in 1839
Daguerre worked the exposure time down to about 10 to 15 minutes
Daguerre, "Still Life in Studio," 1839
Daguerre, "Boulevard du Temple," 1839
Between 1839 and the 1880s:
- calotypes, or photo negatives
- smaller exposure time
- dry-plate photography
- instant photography
- hand-held cameras and roll film
Types of Photography
As photography became more portable and more accessible, several popular genres developed:
1. What are some ways in which you believe photography has impacted traditional art?
2. Why is it important for artists to consider the history of photography, and development of technology?