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Transcript of Anglo-Saxon 449-1066
516: Mount Badon; Britons defeated the Anglo Saxons.
Mid fifth century: Anglo-Saxons invaded Britain from the north and won.
685: Dunnichen Moss. Ecgfrith, King of Northumbria, and his army suffered a defeat when they invaded Northern Scotland. The Anglo-Saxons’ dominance came to an end.
954: The Vikings invaded. The Wessex (west kingdom) was the only kingdom to survive.
1066: Anglo-Saxons and Danes were defeated when invaded by William, Duke of Normandy.
C) Names of important rulers and political/religious figures: Brody Barnes
516: Ruler was King Arthur during the Anglo-Saxon. He ruled the Celtic tribe.
597: King Ethelbert converted to Christianity, and also gets the name first Christian king of England.
597: Saint Augustine helped King Ethelbert to convert all of the English to Catholicism.
597: Pope Gregory was the religious idol that sent Saint Augustine to England to help convert King Ethelbert.
625: Mohammed: founder of Islam.
664: Synod of Whitby unites the British Christian church with the Roman Church.
670: Caedmon was a Christian poet that had no ears. His writing inspired most churches to unite with each other.
800: Charlemagne is crowned king by Pope Leo III.
871: Alfred the great becomes king of England.
E) Important laws or system established/ended: Chris Hayes
“Includes records of religious houses, higher clergy and early urban government” (“Top Sources”).
“Includes records of eyras, lay subsidies, higher clergy, religious houses and urban government” (“Top Sources”).
•409: Romans evacuated Britain and left with central government.
•600: Kent Ethelbert Law.
•879: Alfred and Guthrum Peace Law.
•959-975: Edgar Ordinance of the Hundred.
•1016-1035: Canute law.
F) Important cultural events/changes/influences/beliefs: Chris Hayes
Visual of Anglo-Saxon Law
A) Political and/or religious events, influences, and/or changes: Haley Melvin
The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invaded Britain, pushing King Arthur’s Celtic kingdom out of power.
Divided into four kingdoms - Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia, and Wessex.
England: “Much of the south of Britain was taken over by the Angles, this area became known as Angle-land (now England), and the people...became known as Anglo-Saxons” (“The Dark Ages”).
King Alfred (871-899): unified England after the defeat of the Danes (Vikings).
1042: Danes out of power; Edward the Confessor on the throne.
Norman Conquest (1066): Normans take over Anglo-Saxon power and King Edward dies with no successor, ending the Anglo-Saxon rule in England.
After Angles and Saxons united, they continued their pagan and Germanic mythological practices.
Gods and goddesses
Tui: god of war and the sky.
Woden: Chief of the gods.
Fria: Wife of Woden; goddess the home.
Christian missionaries spreading the gospel
Popularized by King Ethelbert of Kent; therefore, converting the kingdom to Christianity.
D) Important writings and/or publications
“Old English literature (or Anglo-Saxon literature) encompasses literature written in Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon), during the 600-year Anglo-Saxon period of England, from the mid-5th century to the Norman Conquest of 1066. These works include genres such as epic poetry, hagiography, sermons, Bible translations, legal works, chronicles, riddles” (“Anglo-Saxon Literature”).
Literature consisting mostly of epics
Characteristics of Epics (a long narrative)
Epics typically include…
An Epic Hero: “a main character in an epic whose legendary or heroic actions are to his/her culture, race, or nation” (“Epic Hero”).
Heroes Journey: the path of struggles and triumphs the hero faces and conquers.
Mythology: mythological creatures, Greek gods and goddesses.
700: The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer.
King Alfred: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Account of early England’s Anglo-Saxon history.
Venerable Bede: A History of the English Church and People
Documentation of early times in the Anglo-Saxon culture and community.
"Anglo-Saxon Literature." Anglo-Saxon Literature. N.p., n.d.
Web. 19 Aug. 2013.
"The Anglo-Saxons." BBC News. BBC, 2013. Web. 19 Aug.
"The Dark Ages." Early Britain: British/English History in
Prehistoric, Roman and Dark Ages.
N.p., 2009. Web. 19 Aug. 2013.
"Epic Hero." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 2013. Web. 19
"Top Sources." Browse by Period. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Aug. 2013.