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What Does Health Mean to Individuals?
Transcript of What Does Health Mean to Individuals?
MEAN TO INDIVIDUALS?
DEFINITIONS OF HEALTH
PERCEPTIONS OF HEALTH
Outline factors that have a significant influence on people's perception of their health.
DIMENSIONS OF HEALTH
RELATIVE AND DYNAMIC
NATURE OF HEALTH
Personal & of Others
Implications of different perceptions of health
Perceptions of health
as social constructs
Impact of the media, peers and family
OF YOUNG PEOPLE
The positive health
status of young people
and risk behaviours
Effect of multiple
Early Meanings & WHO definition
Physical health, Social health, Mental health, Spiritual health
Discuss how viewing health as a social construct is likely to affect our perceptions of health.
Explain how the media can influence people's perceptions about health.
A daily newspaper continually features stories about the poor health status of young Australians. Write a letter to the editor that challenges the accuracy of these stories. Use statistics from current research to support your argument.
How we judge our health compared to other people or other points of time in our life
Dynamic refers to the constant fluctuations that occur in our level of health
The way health is seen or viewed by an individual or group
Perceptions of health are influenced by :_
* Our environment
* Our lifestyle and behaviour
* Family, peers and media
* Values and beliefs
* Our past levels of health
*Age and gender
These may be positive and/or negative. Provide examples accordingly!
TREND- Reductions in mortality (especially injury, suicide and transport accidents) and morbidity (asthma, communicable diseases and injury). however, particular groups, ATSI, low SES, rural/remote dwellers not as good.
Generally classed as those aged 15-24
Health Areas of Concern
* Mental Health Disorders
* Injury (primarily MVA's and self-harm)
* Some chronic health problems and communicable diseases
Behaviours relating to:-
INFLUENCES ON THE HEALTH
PRELIMINARY CORE 1
BETTER HEALTH FOR INDIVDUALS
DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
THE DEGREE OF CONTROL INDIVIDUALS CAN EXERT OVER THEIR HEALTH
Those determinants that can be controlled or changed. Important factors include:-
* level of self-efficacy (our belief in our ability to bring about change)
* health knowledge and skills
* interest or desire
* attitudes to health
NON-MODIFIABLE HEALTH DETERMINANTS
Genetics- Examples include:-
* History of disease (CVD, certain cancers, diabetes, mental health issues etc)
* Down syndrome
Environmental factors, including:-
Geographic location, access the health care, availability of technology, pollution levels, UV radiation.
Changing influence of determinants through different life stages
Examples: Infancy and childhood large family influence, whereas adolescence greater peer influence.
Biological changes to brain, emotional maturity, increasing responsibility (jobs, mortgage, marriage, own children) and different social networks all impact on attitudes and behaviour related to health.
HEALTH AS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCT
Recognises the interrelationship of determinants
Challenges the notion that health is solely an individual's responsibility
Determinants of health
Australia’s levels of health
Resources and systems
Figure 2.26: A framework for Australia’s health
STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE THE HEALTH OF INDIVIDUALS
Health promotion involves activities that are aimed at enabling people to increase control over their health, to improve their health and prevent illness.
Environmental and Education support systems include:-
* Government legislation- e.g. drink driving, illicit drug laws etc.
* Government regulations- e.g. food labeling, advertising restrictions for tobacco, etc.
* Physical supports- e.g. hospitals, nursing homes, community health centres, etc.
* Economic supports- e.g. government funding for health and welfare.
* Social supports- those trained and equipped to assist in health care. E.g. doctors, nurses, counsellors, social workers, etc.
* Educational supports- schools, websites, etc.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH PROMOTION
* LOCAL GOVERNMENT
NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS (NGO'S)
E.G CANCER COUNCIL, NATIONAL HEART FOUNDATION, REACHOUT
* WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
COMMUNITY GROUPS AND SCHOOLS
HEALTH PROMOTION APPROACHES AND STRATEGIES
Lifestyle and behavioural approaches
Preventative medical approaches
Public Health approaches
Involves establishing programs, policies and services that create environments that support health. Includes health promoting schools and workplaces.
THE OTTAWA CHARTER AS AN EFFECTIVE HEALTH PROMOTION FRAMEWORK
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL JUSTICE
The allocation of resources according to the needs of individuals and populations, the goal being to achieve equality of outcomes.
Variety, or difference, between individuals and groups of people
Access to technology
The social determinants discussed in the following clip differ to the syllabus. In addition, examples are NOT Australian, but still show the power of community. Overall, viewing should enhance your understanding of this topic.
Based on your knowledge of the dimensions of health, answer the following question.
Evaluate the validity of Dr Avery's view of health.