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this prezi is rad af

Melanie B

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of iran

Melanie Bodane, Jenny Xiao, Jessica Du, Visrut Sudhakar
The Islamic Republic of Iran
, Iran used to be called Persia.
, the somewhat monarchic Shah was installed.
The nation sided with the Axis powers in WWII.
, the original Shah was deposed in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
, The Iranian Revolution overthrew the Shah, and Iran became a theocratic Islamic republic.
And that's basically its political state today.
Some of the History of Iran
The Amazing Political Institutions of Iran
The Iranian Cabinet & Parliament
Iran is here
The Supreme Leader vs. the President
The Guardian Council
Liberalization of the press and other media.
Elections (regular, competitive).
Protests by leaders (members of parliament, etc.).
Allowing more political parties/allowing more candidates to run.
Relaxation of the dress codes (example of civil liberties).
City and village elections (beginning in 1999).
Weakening of enforcement of controls.
Greater acceptance of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
Greater rights for minority ethnic groups (guaranteed seats in the Majles, for example).
Broadened participation of women (elections, creation of organizations, female candidates running).
Cultural Revolution in Iran
Iran's tenth presidential election was held on 12 June 2009
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vs. Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Ahmadinejad won the election with 62% of the votes cast
Mousavi received 34% of the votes cast.
There were large irregularities in the results, and the Iranian people were surprised by them. As a result, millions of Iranians gathered to protest in every Iranian city and around the world and the emergence of the opposition Iranian Green Movement.
Iranian Presidential Election 2009
woohoo party time
we're somewhere in this region
Government Type:
Theocratic Republic
Head of State:
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
80.8 million
GDP per capita:
There is a president elected by popularity vote, and also a legislative and judiciary branch, somewhat like America, but not really, because the rest of the nation is ruled by religion. In fact, it's an Islamic Theocracy.
To tell the truth, I have no idea how people can so thoroughly buy into the idea of some great alien in the sky dictating our every movement, but then again, I'm not religious.
Both the Supreme Leader and the President are chosen by the people, sort of. While the President wins his position through popular vote, the Supreme Leader is appointed by the Assembly of Experts.

The President, as head of the executive branch, makes sure the constitution is implemented and is in turn limited by its power.
That's about all he does, though he's the second highest position. In contrast, the Supreme Leader is absolutely supreme
. Head of religion, politics, the military, intelligence, and even Friday Prayers, the Supreme Leader is basically the one that should be gone to for everything.
He shoulders a massive responsibility when appointed to this position.

The Assembly of Experts is 86 people whose sole purpose in life is to appoint and monitor the Supreme Leader.
They meet twice a year to argue with themselves to eventually determine if the Supreme Leader is capable of continuing his duties. With a staggering 8-year-term, any candidates wanting to apply for a slot must be approved by the Guardian Council.

here there be lemurs
And now for the Guardian Council.
That's most of the important names on the chart, but to talk about all of them would be boring, so poo on the rest of them and move on to other things.
Vetting candidates
Sharia law
Basij morality police
Divorce laws
Arresting and executing professors/dissenters/demonstrators
Criticism of Supreme Leader is forbidden
Guardian Council vetoing legislature
Blocking certain websites/Internet
Persecution of minority groups

example: Kurds
Liberalization of the press and other media
Elections (regular, competitive)
Protests by leaders (members of parliament, etc.)
Allowing more political parties/allowing more candidates to run
Relaxation of the dress codes
City and village elections (beginning in 1999)
Weakening of enforcement of controls
Greater acceptance of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
Greater rights for minority ethnic groups (guaranteed seats in the Majles, for example)
Broadened participation of women (elections, creation of organizations, female candidates
The Iranian Parliament consists of 290 members, all carefully approved by the Guardian council.
They introduce and pass laws, and also approve and impeach people selected by the President to the Cabinet.

The Cabinet is composed of 22 ministers.
They don't really seem to have a role. Whatever resources I use, it only describes the history of the Cabinet and then who's elected to the board. I'm going to make the likely incorrect assumption that the Cabinet is yet another useless body of government, or maybe some figureheads to yell at when things go wrong.
Procedure for Electing President
The cultural revolution in Iran is different from the Islamic revolution.
omg it's green
The effects of the revolution include:
This has nothing to do with the Iranian cultural revolution but it came up in google images ---------------------->
>///< uguu senpai pls
kawaii desu
teh supreme leader rulezz
Iranian Cabinet's spare time
is eborra
my brain hurts
The election of the Guardian Council is a little strange. Six theologians are elected by the Supreme Leader and six jurists are elected by the judiciary and approved by parliament. Every six years, one group is reelected. It's staggered, so they get new members every three years.

The council also has to approve all parliament bills and possesses the ability to veto it if they feel it violates their constitution or Islamic law.
They can also keep candidates out of elections, from parliament to president to the Assembly of Experts.
Resisting Democratization vs. Democratization
omg what could this be
Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn
why am i alive
what is the point of my existence
who are you
am i real
if a tree falls in the forest does it make a sound
do these slides have a meaning
is there a god
deep thoughts
the madness
am i the tree
how do i do math
quoth the raven, nevermore
- fin -
warning: the last few slides are strange because we had too many slides and not enough motivation to delete them
in Iran
where is iran
Current Unresolved Issue:
This is the sort of the current Supreme Leader of Iran.
Iran's Nuclear Program
The biggest obstacle to a deal is the fundamental
question of how big the Iranian nuclear program should be.
The Iranians say a limit would be a violation of Iran's right
to pursue a peaceful nuclear program
In Arak, Iranians have been building a nuclear reactor, and
it is close to completion
Officially it is for the production of isotopes for various industrial,
agricultural, medical and other scientific uses.
Western skeptics point out the planned reactor is more powerful than would be needed for such uses. They believe it is for the production of plutonium, another route to make a bomb
Sanctions are now an important bargaining chip
do not expect tasteful humor
Key points are blue so write them down okay
The Presentation stops about now, but stay tuned for funky fresh images.
Does the United States have an interest in expediting
the agreement process, and if so what might it be?
Current Events:
acid attacks on women
Reyhaneh Jabbari was executed
civil liberties were denied
put in solitary confinement, unable to communicate with lawyer, family
"deeply flawed investigation"
protesters want justice and change
illiberal democracy
directed toward women
accused of improperly veiling themselves
male-dominant society, judiciary typically sides with men, abuse cases are quickly dismissed
unfair trial
era of prosperity
primary goal with nuclear power is to revamp the economy
US and Iran
tensions between the two
sanctions, foreign policy
Sharia laws
moral and religious law
bill could strengthen Islamic vigilante
centripetal &
centrifugal forces
human rights seem to be getting worse
death penalty not only allowed for murder, but also minorities, drug possession and trafficking, adultery, repeated crime
less women are being educated, more are marrying at a young age
triggering national and international outrage
corruption and bribery
low transparency
foreign/public policy
Full transcript