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Background Information on The Cay by Theodore Taylor
Transcript of Background Information on The Cay by Theodore Taylor
in the Caribbean Life in the Caribbean Malaria Hurricanes Malaria is a common infection
in hot, tropical areas Malaria is caused by single-celled parasites
which are carried by mosquitoes Irritability Drowsiness Poor Appetite Trouble Sleeping Chills Fever Rapid Breathing Intense Sweating Headache Nausea Aches & Pains If it affects the Brain... Convulsions Loss of Consciousness Symptoms of Malaria With treatment, malaria can usually be cured in about 2 weeks. Without treatment, it can be fatal, especially in children who are poorly nourished. Malaria is treated with anti-malarial drugs, such as chloroquine or quinine by Theodore Taylor Sources http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/parasitic/malaria.html# http://www.spotnepal.com/health-395.html#.TsAzcHK0LTo http://www.lipmantimes.com/?p=10738 http://gardennaturally.wordpress.com/2011/01/30/changes-in-latitudes-changes-in-attitudes/ http://www.brainharmonycenter.com/images/brain-diagram-9.jpg http://www.clinicianleader.com/Malaria-Articles.htm http://blog.seesaa.jp/pages/naver/image?q=Indies&page=5 http://paniknaturaldisasters.wikispaces.com/2nd+HURRICANES+TD+NR+MW+DW A hurricane is a huge storm! It can be up to 600 miles across and have strong winds spiraling inward and upward at speeds of 75 to 200 mph. http://www.weatherwizkids.com/weather-hurricane.htm Each hurricane usually lasts for over a week, moving 10-20 miles per hour over the open ocean. Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean waters. The center of the storm or "eye" is the calmest part. It has only light winds and fair weather. http://mobileunwrapped.com/2011/08/wireless-network-carriers-prepare-for-hurricane-irene/typhoon-pat/ Hurricanes can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons of rain a day. These storms bring destruction ashore in many different ways. When a hurricane makes landfall it often produces a devastating storm surge that can reach 20 feet high and extend nearly 100 miles. Ninety percent of all hurricane deaths result from storm surges. A hurricane’s high winds are also destructive and may spawn tornadoes. Torrential rains cause further damage by spawning floods and landslides, which may occur many miles inland. http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/hurricane-profile/ http://americanfootsteps.wordpress.com/2008/08/21/the-moment-approacheth/ http://dlbennisphotography.com/photosweb/StormSurgeDelaware.jpg http://emergencypreparednessplanning.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/tornado1.jpg http://clarkcoffee.blogspot.com/2011_09_01_archive.html World War II was primarily fought between two large alliances. http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/WW2/involved.htm http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/WW2/aa.htm http://svocelot.com/Landfalls/SouthWest/curacao.htm The mosquito is infected from biting someone
who already has the disease. Malaria is then transmitted to other people when infected mosquitoes bite them. http://www.bevrijdingintercultureel.nl/eng/antillen.html#wo2 During the night of February 15th, 1942, the island of Aruba took the first attack from a German U-boat in the western hemisphere. It was aimed at the oil transport between Venezuela and the Antilles. At the end of 1942 the German U-boat fleet
had destroyed 280 tankers and other vessels
in the western and eastern Caribbean,
totalling 1,300,000 tons. http://books.caribseek.com/Curacao/Commercial_History_of_Curacao/curacao-during-world-war-two.shtml http://worldwar2database.com/html/netherlands.htm At the time, the Netherlands
(Holland) owned Aruba and Curacao.
The Netherlands were
part of the Allies http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/netherlands-guide/ http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g147278-Willemstad_Curacao-Vacations.html Few people are aware of the special role Aruba and Curaçao played during the war. Aruba and Curaçao had oil refineries which supplied English, French and American airplanes. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/world-war-2/6134666/World-War-2-RAF-planes-fly-over-Germany.html Without this support, the outcome of the war may have been changed. For this reason, the Caribbean islands and their resources
became a prime target for the Axis powers. http://www.ww2incolor.com/german-navy/img003.html U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word U-Boot [ˈuːboːt], itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot (undersea boat), and refers to military submarines operated by Germany, particularly in World War I and World War II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U-boat http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/44407000/jpg/_44407587_uboat_gall2.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LgssReS6-5Y/Tcde-Tysr9I/AAAAAAAAAMM/p6Fo0p9x9Sg/s1600/TankerSinking1.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler http://mrsragone.wikispaces.com/Emperor+Hirohito+Report The Axis Powers
(a group of countries led by Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan) http://boomerwithaview.blogspot.com/p/presidents-photos.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin The Allies
(led by the United Kingdom and, until its defeat, France).
They were joined by the Soviet Union in June 1941
and by the United States in December 1941. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill Curaçao It has a land area of 444 square kilometres (171 square miles). As of 1 January 2009, Curaçao had a population of 141,766. Because of its history, the island's population comes from many ethnic backgrounds. There is an Afro-Caribbean majority of mixed African and European descent, and also sizeable minorities of Dutch, Latin American, French, South Asian, East Asian, and Portuguese people. The languages widely spoken are Papiamentu, Dutch, English, and Spanish. Most people on the island (85 percent) speak Papiamentu. Many people can speak all four of these languages http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cura%C3%A7ao http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/usabysiz.htm http://wikitravel.org/en/New_England_%28United_States_of_America%29 To compare, Rhode Island,
the smallest state in the U.S.,
is 1,045 square miles! http://ccj.siuc.edu/ http://www.city-data.com/picfilesc/picc34283.php http://parablesblog.blogspot.com/2010_05_01_archive.html http://www.facebook.com/pages/Central-Junior-High-School/113139445450211 This is approximately the amount of all the people in Carbondale, Marion, Herrin, and West Frankfort. http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=2966 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maracaibo_Basin In 1914, oil was discovered in the Maracaibo Basin town of Mene Grande (on the coast of Venezuela). http://www.oldgas.com/forum/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showflat&Number=80917&page=all Royal Dutch Shell and the Dutch Government built an extensive oil refinery on the island, which established an abundant source of employment for the local population and fuelled a wave of immigration from surrounding nations. http://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotos-g147278-Willemstad_Curacao.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willemstad http://en.structurae.de/photos/index.cfm?JS=11887 Willemstad, the capital of Curacao, was founded when the Dutch captured the island from Spain. The two sides of the city, Punda and Otrobanda, are connected by Queen Emma Bridge, a long bridge of boats. A cay, also spelled caye or key, is a small, low-elevation, sandy island formed on the surface of coral reefs. http://www.visailing.com/articles/buccaneer/sandy-cay.html So what's a "cay?" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cay Their surrounding reef ecosystems also provide food and building materials for island inhabitants. http://www.crossintheline.com/images/uploads/cache/Marina_Cay_Aerial_Photo1-400x310.jpg Cays occur in tropical environments throughout the world, where they provide habitable and agricultural land for hundreds of thousands of people. http://biology.ucsd.edu/bioresearch/ Some other things you might need to know: http://www.catboat.com/REVELER.htm Schooner The trade winds are named from their ability to quickly propel trading ships across the ocean. They are found 30 degrees to the North and South of the equator, are steady, and blow about 11 to 13 miles per hour. A "booby" is a bird: http://geography.about.com/od/physicalgeography/a/tradewinds.htm http://unofficialnetworks.com/el-nino-la-nina-tahoe-winter-weather-36308/trade_winds/