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The functions of verbal communication

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michelle nuss

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of The functions of verbal communication

The functions of verbal communication
Verbal communications serve many different functions in our daily lives. Today, let's take time to examine six of the most important kinds, all of which strongly influence our interpersonal communication,and relationships

The End
1.Sharing Meaning
the most obvious function of verbal communication
Denotative meaning-literal meaning of your words as agreed upon by members of your culture
Connotative meaning- when verbally communicating, the deeper understanding of words based on the situation, and the knowledge the partners communicating share
2. Shaping Thought
language shapes how we think about things
Linguistic determinism- the idea that language quite literally defines the boundaries of our thinking.
Linguistic relativity- people of different cultures perceive and think differently about the same things
3. naming
Naming- creating linguistic symbols for objects
allows use to communicate meanings about the things in our lives
EXAMPLE
for many years gays and lesbians were referred to as homosexuals. People then shortened it to "homo" which was then used as a derogatory insult. The population then began referring to themselves as gay, but no meaning "joyous and lively" as the term had been previously used.
4.Performing actions
Everyday we make requests, issue invitations, command things, and even taunt to try to influence others' behavior.
these are referred to as speech acts, meaning they call for an action
Representative

Directive

Commissive

Expressive

Declaritive
commits the speaker to the truth of what has been said
attempts to illicit actions from listeners
commits the speaker to future actions
conveys the emotional state the speaker is experiencing
produces observable effects
Assertions or conclusions

Questions, Requests, or Commands

Promises or Threats

Thanks, Apologies, or Congratulations

Pronouncement of event(ex. Marriage, or being fired
5. Crafting Conversations
Language meanings, thoughts, names and acts don't happen in the abstract, they occur within conversations
there are 4 characteristics fundamental to conversation
1. interactive- two or more people are involved
2. local management- we make decisions about who gets to speak, when, and for how long
3. universal- forms the foundation of our interpersonal ties
4. scripts- rigid structures of talk patterns such as meeting for the first time
6. Managing Relationships
Declaring powerful, intimate feelings to others.
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