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Irony (Dramatic, Situational, Verbal)
Transcript of Irony (Dramatic, Situational, Verbal)
Dramatic Irony Examples
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Examples of Situational Irony
There are 3 types of irony
Dramatic, Verbal, Situational
Irony is a literary technique and rhetoric device
that has been used for many years in speech, art
and everyday life.
It is a figure of speech which is a contradiction or incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs. It is normally used to signify the opposite, for a humorous or emphatic effect.
An occasion in a play, film, or other work in which a character's words or actions convey a meaning unperceived by the character but understood by the audience. Basically, it is when the reader is aware of something that the character is not.
A figure of speech in which the intended meaning of a statement differs from the literal meaning that the words appear to express. Verbal irony is very common in every day conversations and can be known as being sarcastic.
An occasion in which the outcome is significantly different from what was expected or considered appropriate. It is often referred to as an “irony of events.”
One of the most popular uses of dramatic irony is in Romeo and Juliet. The audience knows that Juliet took a sleeping potion and isn't really dead. Romeo's suicide after finding Juliet's body in the Capulet tomb affects the audience even more because of the dramatic irony used in this tragic story.
Water, water, every where,
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, every where,
Nor any drop to drink.
Situational Irony in Poetry:
In this example it is ironic that water is everywhere but none of it can be drunk.
Sally wasn't able to attend her Perfect Attendance Award Ceremony. It is ironic that Sally was absent for an reward that recognized how committed she was to attending.
Peppermint Patty tells Franklin that everybody needs good memories and Franklin responds that he had good memories but he had forgotten them.
What the prisoner doesn't know and what the audience realizes is that he is about to dig right into the outhouse pit. He was trying to escape his cell but will end up in an even worse situation.
Situational irony is found everywhere: fiction, non-fiction and in daily events. However, dramatic irony and verbal irony are very rarely found in poetry. Verbal irony is used by tone of voice, and can be hard to detect by reading a poem. Dramatic irony occurs over a series of events between characters, so it's common in theater and literature.
Where can I find irony?
Verbal Irony Examples
In groups of three or four create a sarcastic conversation between your group members.
In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus declares punishment to the killer of his father, Laius, whom he unknowingly killed. This is an example of dramatic irony because the audience knows that Oedipus has killed his own father, but the characters didn't.
Lemony Snicket: The Unauthorized Autobiography,
By Lemony Snicket (American novelist, Daniel Handler)
"Today was a very cold and bitter day, as cold and bitter as a cup of hot chocolate, if the cup of hot chocolate had vinegar added to it and were placed in a refrigerator for several hours."
The author makes an ironic statement by using a simile that is obviously ironic in nature. He then proceeds to break down his simile, reversing its meaning. By creating a structure that is more complex than what a reader may usually expect, he creates a verbal irony that is enjoyable.
Big Bang Theory
A final review:
Romeo and Juliet