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Australian nurses in WW1

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Kalia T

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of Australian nurses in WW1

Nurses In World War 1 (WWI)
There were lots of nurses in WW1 (World War I) , some of their names are...
Sister Jessie Tomlins
Sister Jones
Sister Kenny
Sister Annie Tompson
Frances Hines
Sister Narelle Hobbs
Gertrude Doherty
Sister Clare Deacon
Dorothy Cawood
Alice Ross-King
Mary Derrer
Sister Claire Trestrail
Matron Grace Wilson
Sister Alice Kitchen
Sister Ella Tucker
Nurses were involved in looking after soldiers and other medical jobs. There was also a number of Red Cross volunteers that did fundraisers.

World War 1 went for 4 years, 1914 to 1918.
World War 1 stared in Gillipoli.
The English Army made the Australian Army go to Gallipoli and fight. New Zealand, Britain and France went to the beach of Gallipoli and tried to climb over the big mountain that all the people from Turkey were standing on and they each had a gun to shot the Australians down. Their were at least 40,000 Australians killed in that war. For all the wives of all these men, it was a tragic loss when they saw their husbands did not come back.

Quick Fact
Without women in the war lots of our soldiers would have died.
Women were not just nurses in war they also built weapons for the men.

Extra Information
1. More than 2,000 nurses served in the overseas.
2. Over 420 served in Australia.
3. 29 nurses died.
4. During 1917 in France one of the hospitals had to get 2,000 beds during what they called a “heavy rush.”
There was 3,000 civilian nurse volunteers. The women worked in hospitals, hospital ships and trains. Our nurses served in all different places like Britain, India, France, Belgium, Mediterranean and the Middle East.
ANZAC stands for "Australia and New Zealand Army Corps"

Remembrance Day
World War I went for 4 years, 1914 to 1918.
World War I stared in Gallipoli.
The English Army made the Australian and New Zealand Army go to Gallipoli and fight. New Zealand, Britain and France went to the beach of Gallipoli and tried to climb over the big mountain that all the people from Turkey were standing on. They each had a gun to shoot the Australians down. There was at least 40,000 Australians killed in that war. For all the wives and mothers of all these men, it was a tragic loss when they saw their husbands and sons did not come back.
Next up is France
people that have died during wars
Remembrance Day is when we remember all the

Remembrance Day is on the 11th of November. On this very special day we wear poppies. We wear poppies because it represents the brave and grateful people that served in the war

Thank you to
for this great poem about poppies
On remembrance day we have a minuet of silence and listen to something called the last post. Every year we do it at 11:00am.
When we play the last post you need to stand still and remember all the people that served for Australia. Thanks to these people we can live a happy, free and safe life.
This year was the 95th anniversary. It has been 95 years scince World War 1 finished
You can also go to the Shrine Of Remembrance and see lots of amazing things. When you walk around the building you can see flags the people have donated. I really do recommend you go it is a great experience. I went with my family and took some photos. The first one is a flame, the next one is a filed of poppies and the last one is the building it self.
ANZAC day is on April the 25th. It is on the 25th because that was when the ANZACs landed on Gallipoli. The Gallipoli war was one of the worst wars because 8,000+ soldiers died.
They gave the 25th of April its name (ANZAC day) in 1916. There was lots of ceremonies for ANZAC day after they finished in Gallipoli. The soldiers marched in London there was a big news line when they marched and they called them "The Knights of Gallipoli."
During WWII the government made a rule that us Australians were not allowed to celebrate ANZAC day in big groups just encase of a Japanese air attack.

Frances Hines
"Please wear a Poppy," the Lady said, and held one forth, but I shook my head.. Then I stopped and watched as she offered them there and her face was old and lined with care, but beneath the scars the years had made there remained a smile that refused to fade.

A boy came whistling down the street, bouncing along on carefree feet. His smile was full of joy and fun, "Lady" said he, "Can I have one." When she pinned it on he turned to say, "Why do we wear a Poppy today?"

The Lady smiled in her wistful way and answered, "This is Remembrance Day, and the Poppy there is a symbol for the gallant people who died in the war. and because they died, you and I are free. That's why we wear a Poppy you see.

I had a boy about your size, with golden hair and big blue eyes. He loved to play and jump and shout, free as a bird he would prance about. As the years went by he learned and grew and became a man, as you will too. He was fine and strong with a boyish smile but he seemed with us such a little while.

The war broke out and he went away, I still remember his face that day when he smiled at me and said 'goodbye', I'll be back soon Mum, so please don't cry. But the war went on and I had to stay, and all I could do was wait and pray. His letters told of the awful fight (I can see it still in my dreams at night) with tanks and guns and cruel barbed wire and mines and bullets, the bombs and fire till at last, at last, the war was won, and that's why we wear a Poppy, my son."

The small boy turned as if to go, then said, "Thanks I'm glad I know. That sure did sound like an awful fight, but your son, did he come all right?" A tear rolled down each faded cheek, she shook her head, but didn't speak.

I slunk away in a sort of shame, and if you were me you'd have done the same for your thanks, in giving, is oft delayed, tho' our freedom was bought and thousands paid. And so when you see a Poppy worn, Let us reflect on burdens borne, by those who gave their very all, when asked to answer their country's call.

ANZAC Day ceremony
Australian nurses served in Egypt, Lemnos, England, France, Belgium, Greece, Salonika, Palestine, Mesopotamia and India.
There were over 2,100 nurses that served overseas and over 400 served in Australia. 29 nurses died this was in the time period of 1914 to 1919.
Sisters Clare Deacon, Dorothy Cawood and Alice Ross-King and Staff Nurse Mary Derrer were given bravery awards for saving some of our soldiers from burning buildings.
A bunch of Australian nurses sailed to France in 1916 this was organized by the Australian Red Cross and financed by the Australian Jockey Club. They had to wear blue uniforms
made by David Jones.
Letters from WW1 - Page 1
One of Frances Hines' friends wrote a letter about how Frances died to whom I don't know it said "Fannie died of an attack of pneumonia contracted in devotion to duty, she was quiet alone with as many as twenty six patients at one time, no possibility of assistence or relief, and without sufficient nourishments"
I've been a soldier now for nearly three years, and please God I will go right to the end ... if anything happened, and I too passed out, well, there would be no finer way, and no way in which I would be happier, than to lay down one's life for the men who have given everything -- Sister Narelle Hobbs
Page 2
We look forward to our letters on mail day. Of course we can never make our letters sound as cheerful as yours. I am sure you will understand why when I tell you that we are surrounded by sadness and sorrow all the time ... do you know, Muriel, that as many as 72 operations have been performed in one day in our hospital alone ... you could not imagine how dirty the poor beggars are, never able to get a wash, mud and dirt ground in and nearly all of them alive with vermin.--Gertrude Doherty
Sadly she died 5 months later in May.
What I think about nurses in WWI
I think that the nurses in WWI were very brave and that they are great role models. They also were very good at looking after the soldiers because they would usually have about 25 patients at one time, and they had to do around 70 operations in one day.
In my opinion nurses should get more recognised than they do because without the nurses there many of our soldiers would have died and we could have lost many of our wars.
Who are they?
Nurses are like doctors. When they were in WWI they were the doctors but now days they help the doctors.
Why are they famous?
Nurses are famous because they helped our soldiers and because they served for Australia
What did they do/achieve to be recognised?
The nurses served for Australia and saved our soldiers.
What field are they from?
Nurses are in the medical field
Is there a monument or celebration day for them?
Monument= For monument there is a Shrine of remembrance and there is statues. Celebration day= Australia has ANZAC day and remembrance day.
Has their work/ influence/ achievement made an impression on Australia today?
Yes, nurses are still known to this day because they helped Australia. I am doing them because they are amazing and great people, people from around the world were thanking our nurses.
What is their lasting legacy?
The nurses are still known today for being helpful, strong and brave.

Dawn service
Warning some photos are pictures of hurt soldiers and soldiers fighting.
By Kalia T
When the nurses were serving in France something called the heavy rush happened. The nurses had to make sure that the hospital had 2,000 beds. In1990 at the Royal Melbourne Hospital there was 700 beds and 670 nurses working.
Some things that nurses have said or wrote.
Sister Jessie Tomlins-I have never regretted that I took the notion into my head to take on nursing, for it has opened up opportunities that I would never have had.
Unknown nurse-No words can describe the awfulness of the wounds. Bullets are nothing. It is the shrapnel that tears through the flesh and cuts off limbs.
Sister Alice Kitchen- It is all too dreadful and every day we hear of someone we knew being killed or wounded.
Sister Ella Tucker- 25-4-15 Red letter day. Gaba Tepe ... The wounded think the old ship is heaven after the peninsula. There are 557 patients on board and only 7 nurses.
Sister Rachael Pratt-At first the situation on the island seemed hopeless. What could be achieved under such dire circumstances?

Sister Jessie Tomlins- I believe it to be awful in India. English nurses could not stand the heat and cholera … that is why they have sent Australians.

I got these from http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/nurses/ww1/
It is awful because the Australian nurses had to go to serve because the English nurses said it was too hot.
At the end of 1914 300 Australian nurses went to Egypt. It was a long trip but they were kept busy by assisting vaccinations, operations and training male orderlies.
The hospitals that the nurses were working in were very crowded from the war in Gallipoli.
When the Australian nurses were in Greece, they would usually work in tents.
The Australian nurses were so brave they served in hot, sticky and sweaty situations and freezing cold situations.
It was very hard for the nurses because at this point on this terrible journey they had to work in hospitals with people that did not speak English.
In the time distance between 1916 and 1919, 500 plus Australian nurses worked in India.
When the Australian nurses worked in India there was lots of Turkish prisoners of war and wounded British soldiers.

Australia was lucky because there was no war here but nurses were still serving in Australia.
Australian National Anthem
Jessie Tomlins
Sister Jones
Sister Annie Tompson
Sister Narrelle Hobbs
Sister Clare Deacon
Alice Ross-King
Sister Alice Kitchen
Thank you Prezi
Prezi-Google images
Why I chose Nurses in WWI
When the two classes were looking at all the people in the nineteen hundreds, I saw a nurse, I thought that would be a great person to do. I was searching for a nurse but I could not find the right one. I talked to Mrs Clark and she said that I could do nurses in general. I said to myself that would be great.
But the reason I really wanted to do nurses is because they are great people and helped our soldiers. They are very brave.
Full transcript