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history of basketball
Transcript of history of basketball
James Naismith invented the game of basketball in Springfield, Massachusetts, at a YMCA gym, in 1891. He was asked by his boss to create an indoor game which the young men at the school could play.
When James Naismith invented the game of basketball, he also came up with 13 rules. These original rules set the foundation for the game we love and play today, but included some rules which we don't use today, like the no dribbling rule. Today dribbling is a major part of basketball.
First game of Basketball played
The first ever game of basketball was played in a YMCA gym in Albany, New York. The score was 1-0.
Before there were pro leagues, basketball was mostly played in colleges or schools. Then around the 1920's many pro leagues started to grow. Among the most popular were the ABA and the NBA.
The NBA was founded in 1948 by owners of major hockey stadiums. The first NBA game was played on November 1, 1946 in Ontario.
The ABA was formed in 1967, after the NBA had formed, and had become quite popular. The ABA's plan was to merge with the NBA which they eventually did.
The ABA and NBA Merger
The ABA and NBA merged in 1976. Most of the teams from the ABA were allowed into the NBA, others were disbanded.
The NBA is viewed around the world and is very popular. It is one of the most viewed sport in America and around the world. A recent survey showed that the NBA was more popular than baseball. The only sport in America that is more popular than basketball is football. March madness, the college tournament, is one of the most viewed sporting events.
Michael Jordan was one of the most influential people in the history of basketball. His many records helped the popularity of basketball. Many people wanted to be "just like Mike." His incredible basketball skill and leadership helped him rise to become of the best, if not the best, basketball player ever to live.
Records in an NBA game
Most points-Wilt Chamberlain (100 points)
Most assists-Scott Skiles (30)
Most rebounds-Wilt Chamberlain (55)
Most free throws made-Wilt Chamberlain (28)
Most 3's made-Kobe Bryant (12)
Most field goals attempted-Wilt Chamberlain (63)
Most steals-Kendall Gill, Larry Kenon (11)
Famous NBA Players
There are many people other than Michael Jordan who affected the game of basketball. Magic Johnson and Larry Bird were one of the biggest rivalries in the game. Many modern players like Kobe Bryant and LeBron James changed the game a lot by their style of play. Other players who changed the game are Kareem-Abdul Jabbar, who had the most points in NBA history, and Wilt Chamberlain, who had the most points in an NBA game.
Basketball was added to the Olympics in 1936. It had been played only by men at the Olympics until 1976, when women were allowed to play. In 1992 the U.S. assembled the Dream Team, which included some of the greatest players of the time, like Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, and Larry Bird. The U.S. team has won the gold medal 14 out of 18 possible chances. The last gold medal for the men came in the 2012 Olympics, which were held in London.
Many countries play basketball around the world. The International Basketball Federation was formed in 1932, with 8 international team. The name was later changed to FIBA. FIBA is the league which referees the Olympics. They also have their own tournament that includes all the countries that play basketball.
Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. It wasn't until dribbling was allowed, that they made a basketball. The first basketball was brown, and they used that basketball until the late 1950's, when Tony Hinkle invented the orange basketball, that we know today. The basketball used in the NBA is 29.5 inches in circumference.
When James Naismith first invented basketball, he used peach baskets as the hoops. Then he cut out the bottom of the peach baskets, so that it would be much easier to retrieve the ball once a basket was made. The peach baskets were used until 1906, when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards. The backboards with introduced so that the audience couldn't interfere with the game. Later they changed the rim to steel with a net hoop.
Naismith Hall of Fame
The Naismith Hall of Fame is located in Springfield, Massachusetts. This place honors extraordinary players, referees, coaches, and anyone who has helped contribute to the game. It's located in Springfield because that's where James Naismith founded basketball. As of September 8, 2013, the Hall of Fame has 326 individuals.
When James Naismith invented basketball, he used a YMCA gym with peach baskets pinned on either side of the gym. Now the courts are 94 feet long and 50 feet long in the NBA and college. They are located in arenas all across the country. The courts are made of maple planks and usually have the team logo painted on them.
Before, the NBA was an all-white league. Then from many protests the NBA allowed Earl Lloyed, the first African American to play in the NBA, to come and play. Bill Russel was a very famous African American NBA player, and he was very involved in the Civil Rights Movement.
After being approved by the NBA, the WNBA was formed in 1996. Women before did not have a set league to play in, nor was it as popular as the WNBA. Today the WNBA has many teams across the nation, and women from other countries come to play in the WNBA because it is recognized as one of the biggest league for women to play basketball.
Rivalries in the NBA
Lakers-Celtics (have faced each other many times in the finals)
Celtics-Knicks (played many times to get to NBA finals)
Lakers-Clippers (Both are in L.A.)
Heat-Bulls (There have been many fights, and the teams don't like each other)
Knicks-Nets (both are in New York)
Knicks-76ers (Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points as a 76er against the Knicks)