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Critical Thinking

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Juhn Lanuza

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Critical Thinking

NAT Review:
Critical Thinking

Objectives for today
* Discussion of Subject Outline

* Topics to be discussed for the

* Introduction to Critical Thinking
Subject Outline:
Content Outline
* Syllogisms
* Types of Premises
* Definition of Arguments
* Evaluation of Arguments
* Decision from an Assumption
* Making Inferences
* Reasoning
* Numerical Reasoning
* Interpretation
Activity #1
1. The class will be grouped into 5

2. Each group will be given a piece
of illustration board and chalk.

3. Questions will be presented
and the task is to find the best
answer per question.

4. The group with the highest
score wins.
Critical Thinking
- Ability to think clearly and rationally.

- Engagement in reflective and independent thinking.
Subject Description:
* A subject designed
specifically to provide the
4th year students an
overview of Critical
Thinking and its

* It is a subject that will give
the students a review and
discussion of topics related to
the improvement of their
critical thinking and logical

1. Define critical thinking.

2. Identify the importance of
critical thinking.

3. Review and master the skills on:
* Syllogistic reasoning
* Decision from an assumption
* Interpretation
* Evaluation of arguments
* Numerical reasoning
- a wide range of cognitive skills needed to effectively:
* interpret,
* analyze and
* evaluate arguments and truth claims to:
formulate logical arguments and to make
Skills Needed:
Interpretive Skills
- to comprehend and express the meaning or significance of a variety of experiences, situations, data, events, judgements, beliefs, rules, procedures and/or criteria.
Importance of Critical Thinking
1. Help students to better in school by
improving their higher order thinking.

2. Can reduce the likelihood of making
serious mistakes in important personal

3.Promote democratic

4. Empower individuals.
Analytical Skills
- identifying the intended and actual inferential relationships among statements, questions, concepts, descriptions, or other forms of representation intended to express belief, judgement, experiences, reasons, information and/ or opinion.
Evaluating Skills
- to assess the credibility of statements or other representations which are accounts or descriptions of a person's perception, experience, situation, judgment, belief, or opinion.

- to assess the logical strength of the actual or intended inferential relationships among statements,descriptions, questions or other forms of representation.
- to identify and secure elements needed to draw reasonable conclusions.

- to consider relevant information and to draw the consequences flowing from data, statements, principles, evidence, judgments, beliefs, opinions, concepts, descriptions, questions, or other forms of representation.
Explanation Skills
- being able to present in a cogent and coherent way the results of one's reasoning.
- to self-consciously monitor one's cognitive activities, the elements used in those activities, and the results, particularly by applying skills in analysis, and evaluation to one's own inferential judgments with a view toward questioning, confirming, validating, or correcting either one's reasoning or one's results.
Activity # 2
Critical Thinkers vs. Uncritical Thinkers
1. Honest with themselves, acknowledge what they don't know, recognize their limitations, watchful of their own errors.
2. Base judgments on evidence rather than personal preferences, deffer judgments whenever evidence is insufficient.
3. Pretend to know more than they do, ignore limitations, assume that personal views are error-free
4. Follow their feelings and act impulsively.
5. Interested in other people's ideas even when when they disagree with the other person.
6. Preoccupied with self and their own opinions and always think of ways on how to refute other people's statements.
7. Base judgments on first impressions and gut reactions.
8. Practice restraint, control feelings and always think before acting.
"Classroom Rules"
Be a SuperS-T-A-R!
S-tay Focused
* Be an active listener.
* Follow directions properly.
* Complete tasks on time.

T-ry Your Best
* Do quality work.
* Do you own work.
* When things get hard, DON'T GIVE UP.

A-sk Permission
* When going out of the classroom.
* When going to the restroom.

R-espect Others
* Don't keep others from learning.
* Use kind words and actions.
* Listen when someone is speaking.
Full transcript